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Subject[PATCH 2/2] perf/aux: Ensure aux_wakeup represents most recent wakeup index
The aux_watermark member of struct ring_buffer represents the period (in
terms of bytes) at which wakeup events should be generated when data is
written to the aux buffer in non-snapshot mode. On hardware that cannot
generate an interrupt when the aux_head reaches an arbitrary wakeup index
(such as ARM SPE), the aux_head sampled from handle->head in
perf_aux_output_{skip,end} may in fact be past the wakeup index. This
can lead to wakeup slowly falling behind the head. For example, consider
the case where hardware can only generate an interrupt on a page-boundary
and the aux buffer is initialised as follows:

// Buffer size is 2 * PAGE_SIZE
rb->aux_head = rb->aux_wakeup = 0
rb->aux_watermark = PAGE_SIZE / 2

following the first perf_aux_output_begin call, the handle is
initialised with:

handle->head = 0
handle->size = 2 * PAGE_SIZE
handle->wakeup = PAGE_SIZE / 2

and the hardware will be programmed to generate an interrupt at

When the interrupt is raised, the hardware head will be at PAGE_SIZE,
so calling perf_aux_output_end(handle, PAGE_SIZE) puts the ring buffer
into the following state:

rb->aux_head = PAGE_SIZE
rb->aux_wakeup = PAGE_SIZE / 2
rb->aux_watermark = PAGE_SIZE / 2

and then the next call to perf_aux_output_begin will result in:

handle->head = handle->wakeup = PAGE_SIZE

for which the semantics are unclear and, for a smaller aux_watermark
(e.g. PAGE_SIZE / 4), then the wakeup would in fact be behind head at
this point.

This patch fixes the problem by rounding down the aux_head (as sampled
from the handle) to the nearest aux_watermark boundary when updating
rb->aux_wakeup, therefore taking into account any overruns by the

Cc: Alexander Shishkin <>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <>
Reported-by: Mark Rutland <>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <>
kernel/events/ring_buffer.c | 4 ++--
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/events/ring_buffer.c b/kernel/events/ring_buffer.c
index 330df5a7f762..8e511e52fc1b 100644
--- a/kernel/events/ring_buffer.c
+++ b/kernel/events/ring_buffer.c
@@ -455,7 +455,7 @@ void perf_aux_output_end(struct perf_output_handle *handle, unsigned long size)

if (aux_head - rb->aux_wakeup >= rb->aux_watermark) {
wakeup = true;
- rb->aux_wakeup += rb->aux_watermark;
+ rb->aux_wakeup = rounddown(aux_head, rb->aux_watermark);

if (wakeup) {
@@ -490,7 +490,7 @@ int perf_aux_output_skip(struct perf_output_handle *handle, unsigned long size)
aux_head = rb->user_page->aux_head = rb->aux_head;
if (aux_head - rb->aux_wakeup >= rb->aux_watermark) {
- rb->aux_wakeup += rb->aux_watermark;
+ rb->aux_wakeup = rounddown(aux_head, rb->aux_watermark);
handle->wakeup = rb->aux_wakeup + rb->aux_watermark;

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