lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2017]   [Jul]   [27]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH v2] membarrier: expedited private command
On Thu, Jul 27, 2017 at 05:13:14PM -0400, Mathieu Desnoyers wrote:
> Implement MEMBARRIER_CMD_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED with IPIs using cpumask built
> from all runqueues for which current thread's mm is the same as the
> thread calling sys_membarrier.
>
> Scheduler-wise, it requires that we add a memory barrier after context
> switching between processes (which have different mm). Interestingly,
> there is already a memory barrier in mmdrop(), so we only need to add
> a barrier when switching from a kernel thread to a userspace thread.
> We also don't need to add the barrier when switching to a kernel thread,
> because it has no userspace memory mapping, which makes ordering of
> user-space memory accesses pretty much useless.
>
> * Benchmark
>
> A stress-test benchmark of sched pipe shows that it does not add
> significant overhead to the scheduler switching between processes:
>
> 100 runs of:
>
> taskset 01 ./perf bench sched pipe
>
> Running 'sched/pipe' benchmark:
> Executed 1000000 pipe operations between two processes
>
> Hardware: CPU: Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2630 v3 @ 2.40GHz
>
> A) With 4.13.0-rc2+
> at commit a97fb594bc7d ("virtio-net: fix module unloading")
>
> avg.: 2.923 usecs/op
> std.dev: 0.057 usecs/op
>
> B) With this commit:
>
> avg.: 2.916 usecs/op
> std.dev: 0.043 usecs/op
>
> Changes since v1:
> - move membarrier code under kernel/sched/ because it uses the
> scheduler runqueue,
> - only add the barrier when we switch from a kernel thread. The case
> where we switch from a user-space thread is already handled by
> the atomic_dec_and_test() in mmdrop().
> - add a comment to mmdrop() documenting the requirement on the implicit
> memory barrier.
>
> CC: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> CC: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> CC: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>
> CC: Andrew Hunter <ahh@google.com>
> CC: Maged Michael <maged.michael@gmail.com>
> CC: gromer@google.com
> CC: Avi Kivity <avi@scylladb.com>
> Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>

Looks much better, thank you!

I have queued this in place of my earlier patch for the moment. If there
are no objections, I will push this into the upcoming v4.14 merge window.
If someone else wants to push it into v4.14, I am of course fine with
that, and am happy to give it a reviewed-by along the way. But if there
are objections to your patch (suitably modified based on additional
review and testing, of course) going into v4.14, I can always fall back
to pushing my earlier simpler but less housebroken patch. ;-)

Thanx, Paul

> ---
> MAINTAINERS | 2 +-
> include/linux/sched/mm.h | 5 +++
> include/uapi/linux/membarrier.h | 23 +++++++++++--
> kernel/Makefile | 1 -
> kernel/sched/Makefile | 1 +
> kernel/sched/core.c | 27 ++++++++++++++++
> kernel/{ => sched}/membarrier.c | 72 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> 7 files changed, 126 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
> rename kernel/{ => sched}/membarrier.c (59%)
>
> diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
> index f66488dfdbc9..3b035584272f 100644
> --- a/MAINTAINERS
> +++ b/MAINTAINERS
> @@ -8621,7 +8621,7 @@ M: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>
> M: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> L: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
> S: Supported
> -F: kernel/membarrier.c
> +F: kernel/sched/membarrier.c
> F: include/uapi/linux/membarrier.h
>
> MEMORY MANAGEMENT
> diff --git a/include/linux/sched/mm.h b/include/linux/sched/mm.h
> index 2b24a6974847..5c5384d9ae0f 100644
> --- a/include/linux/sched/mm.h
> +++ b/include/linux/sched/mm.h
> @@ -38,6 +38,11 @@ static inline void mmgrab(struct mm_struct *mm)
> extern void __mmdrop(struct mm_struct *);
> static inline void mmdrop(struct mm_struct *mm)
> {
> + /*
> + * Implicit full memory barrier provided by
> + * atomic_dec_and_test() is required by membarrier. See comments
> + * around membarrier_expedited_mb_after_set_current().
> + */
> if (unlikely(atomic_dec_and_test(&mm->mm_count)))
> __mmdrop(mm);
> }
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/membarrier.h b/include/uapi/linux/membarrier.h
> index e0b108bd2624..6d47b3249d8a 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/membarrier.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/membarrier.h
> @@ -40,14 +40,33 @@
> * (non-running threads are de facto in such a
> * state). This covers threads from all processes
> * running on the system. This command returns 0.
> + * @MEMBARRIER_CMD_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED:
> + * Execute a memory barrier on each running
> + * thread belonging to the same process as the current
> + * thread. Upon return from system call, the
> + * caller thread is ensured that all its running
> + * threads siblings have passed through a state
> + * where all memory accesses to user-space
> + * addresses match program order between entry
> + * to and return from the system call
> + * (non-running threads are de facto in such a
> + * state). This only covers threads from the
> + * same processes as the caller thread. This
> + * command returns 0. The "expedited" commands
> + * complete faster than the non-expedited ones,
> + * they never block, but have the downside of
> + * causing extra overhead.
> *
> * Command to be passed to the membarrier system call. The commands need to
> * be a single bit each, except for MEMBARRIER_CMD_QUERY which is assigned to
> * the value 0.
> */
> enum membarrier_cmd {
> - MEMBARRIER_CMD_QUERY = 0,
> - MEMBARRIER_CMD_SHARED = (1 << 0),
> + MEMBARRIER_CMD_QUERY = 0,
> + MEMBARRIER_CMD_SHARED = (1 << 0),
> + /* reserved for MEMBARRIER_CMD_SHARED_EXPEDITED (1 << 1) */
> + /* reserved for MEMBARRIER_CMD_PRIVATE (1 << 2) */
> + MEMBARRIER_CMD_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED = (1 << 3),
> };
>
> #endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_MEMBARRIER_H */
> diff --git a/kernel/Makefile b/kernel/Makefile
> index 4cb8e8b23c6e..9c323a6daa46 100644
> --- a/kernel/Makefile
> +++ b/kernel/Makefile
> @@ -108,7 +108,6 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP) += crash_dump.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL) += jump_label.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_CONTEXT_TRACKING) += context_tracking.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_TORTURE_TEST) += torture.o
> -obj-$(CONFIG_MEMBARRIER) += membarrier.o
>
> obj-$(CONFIG_HAS_IOMEM) += memremap.o
>
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/Makefile b/kernel/sched/Makefile
> index 53f0164ed362..78f54932ea1d 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/Makefile
> +++ b/kernel/sched/Makefile
> @@ -25,3 +25,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG) += debug.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUP_CPUACCT) += cpuacct.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_CPU_FREQ) += cpufreq.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_CPU_FREQ_GOV_SCHEDUTIL) += cpufreq_schedutil.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_MEMBARRIER) += membarrier.o
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
> index 17c667b427b4..01e3b881ab3a 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/core.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
> @@ -2724,6 +2724,32 @@ asmlinkage __visible void schedule_tail(struct task_struct *prev)
> put_user(task_pid_vnr(current), current->set_child_tid);
> }
>
> +static void membarrier_expedited_mb_after_set_current(struct mm_struct *mm,
> + struct mm_struct *oldmm)
> +{
> + if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MEMBARRIER))
> + return;
> + /*
> + * __schedule()->
> + * finish_task_switch()->
> + * if (mm)
> + * mmdrop(mm) ->
> + * atomic_dec_and_test()
> + * takes care of issuing a memory barrier when oldmm is
> + * non-NULL. We also don't need the barrier when switching to a
> + * kernel thread, nor when we switch between threads belonging
> + * to the same process.
> + */
> + if (likely(oldmm || !mm || mm == oldmm))
> + return;
> + /*
> + * When switching between processes, membarrier expedited
> + * private requires a memory barrier after we set the current
> + * task.
> + */
> + smp_mb();
> +}
> +
> /*
> * context_switch - switch to the new MM and the new thread's register state.
> */
> @@ -2737,6 +2763,7 @@ context_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev,
>
> mm = next->mm;
> oldmm = prev->active_mm;
> + membarrier_expedited_mb_after_set_current(mm, oldmm);
> /*
> * For paravirt, this is coupled with an exit in switch_to to
> * combine the page table reload and the switch backend into
> diff --git a/kernel/membarrier.c b/kernel/sched/membarrier.c
> similarity index 59%
> rename from kernel/membarrier.c
> rename to kernel/sched/membarrier.c
> index 9f9284f37f8d..f80828b0b607 100644
> --- a/kernel/membarrier.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/membarrier.c
> @@ -17,12 +17,79 @@
> #include <linux/syscalls.h>
> #include <linux/membarrier.h>
> #include <linux/tick.h>
> +#include <linux/cpumask.h>
> +
> +#include "sched.h" /* for cpu_rq(). */
>
> /*
> * Bitmask made from a "or" of all commands within enum membarrier_cmd,
> * except MEMBARRIER_CMD_QUERY.
> */
> -#define MEMBARRIER_CMD_BITMASK (MEMBARRIER_CMD_SHARED)
> +#define MEMBARRIER_CMD_BITMASK \
> + (MEMBARRIER_CMD_SHARED | MEMBARRIER_CMD_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED)
> +
> +static void ipi_mb(void *info)
> +{
> + smp_mb(); /* IPIs should be serializing but paranoid. */
> +}
> +
> +static void membarrier_private_expedited(void)
> +{
> + int cpu, this_cpu;
> + bool fallback = false;
> + cpumask_var_t tmpmask;
> +
> + if (num_online_cpus() == 1)
> + return;
> +
> + /*
> + * Matches memory barriers around rq->curr modification in
> + * scheduler.
> + */
> + smp_mb(); /* system call entry is not a mb. */
> +
> + if (!alloc_cpumask_var(&tmpmask, GFP_NOWAIT)) {
> + /* Fallback for OOM. */
> + fallback = true;
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * Skipping the current CPU is OK even through we can be
> + * migrated at any point. The current CPU, at the point where we
> + * read raw_smp_processor_id(), is ensured to be in program
> + * order with respect to the caller thread. Therefore, we can
> + * skip this CPU from the iteration.
> + */
> + this_cpu = raw_smp_processor_id();
> + cpus_read_lock();
> + for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
> + struct task_struct *p;
> +
> + if (cpu == this_cpu)
> + continue;
> + rcu_read_lock();
> + p = task_rcu_dereference(&cpu_rq(cpu)->curr);
> + if (p && p->mm == current->mm) {
> + if (!fallback)
> + __cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, tmpmask);
> + else
> + smp_call_function_single(cpu, ipi_mb, NULL, 1);
> + }
> + rcu_read_unlock();
> + }
> + cpus_read_unlock();
> + if (!fallback) {
> + smp_call_function_many(tmpmask, ipi_mb, NULL, 1);
> + free_cpumask_var(tmpmask);
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * Memory barrier on the caller thread _after_ we finished
> + * waiting for the last IPI. Matches memory barriers around
> + * rq->curr modification in scheduler.
> + */
> + smp_mb(); /* exit from system call is not a mb */
> +}
>
> /**
> * sys_membarrier - issue memory barriers on a set of threads
> @@ -64,6 +131,9 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(membarrier, int, cmd, int, flags)
> if (num_online_cpus() > 1)
> synchronize_sched();
> return 0;
> + case MEMBARRIER_CMD_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED:
> + membarrier_private_expedited();
> + return 0;
> default:
> return -EINVAL;
> }
> --
> 2.11.0
>

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2017-07-28 00:14    [W:0.156 / U:0.324 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site