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Subject[RFC PATCH] membarrier: expedited private command
Date
Implement MEMBARRIER_CMD_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED with IPIs using cpumask built
from all runqueues for which current thread's mm is the same as our own.

Scheduler-wise, it requires that we add a memory barrier after context
switching between processes (which have different mm).

It would be interesting to benchmark the overhead of this added barrier
on the performance of context switching between processes. If the
preexisting overhead of switching between mm is high enough, the
overhead of adding this extra barrier may be insignificant.

[ Compile-tested only! ]

CC: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
CC: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
CC: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>
---
include/uapi/linux/membarrier.h | 8 +++--
kernel/membarrier.c | 76 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
kernel/sched/core.c | 21 ++++++++++++
3 files changed, 102 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/membarrier.h b/include/uapi/linux/membarrier.h
index e0b108bd2624..6a33c5852f6b 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/membarrier.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/membarrier.h
@@ -40,14 +40,18 @@
* (non-running threads are de facto in such a
* state). This covers threads from all processes
* running on the system. This command returns 0.
+ * TODO: documentation.
*
* Command to be passed to the membarrier system call. The commands need to
* be a single bit each, except for MEMBARRIER_CMD_QUERY which is assigned to
* the value 0.
*/
enum membarrier_cmd {
- MEMBARRIER_CMD_QUERY = 0,
- MEMBARRIER_CMD_SHARED = (1 << 0),
+ MEMBARRIER_CMD_QUERY = 0,
+ MEMBARRIER_CMD_SHARED = (1 << 0),
+ /* reserved for MEMBARRIER_CMD_SHARED_EXPEDITED (1 << 1) */
+ /* reserved for MEMBARRIER_CMD_PRIVATE (1 << 2) */
+ MEMBARRIER_CMD_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED = (1 << 3),
};

#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_MEMBARRIER_H */
diff --git a/kernel/membarrier.c b/kernel/membarrier.c
index 9f9284f37f8d..8c6c0f96f617 100644
--- a/kernel/membarrier.c
+++ b/kernel/membarrier.c
@@ -19,10 +19,81 @@
#include <linux/tick.h>

/*
+ * XXX For cpu_rq(). Should we rather move
+ * membarrier_private_expedited() to sched/core.c or create
+ * sched/membarrier.c ?
+ */
+#include "sched/sched.h"
+
+/*
* Bitmask made from a "or" of all commands within enum membarrier_cmd,
* except MEMBARRIER_CMD_QUERY.
*/
-#define MEMBARRIER_CMD_BITMASK (MEMBARRIER_CMD_SHARED)
+#define MEMBARRIER_CMD_BITMASK \
+ (MEMBARRIER_CMD_SHARED | MEMBARRIER_CMD_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED)
+
+static void ipi_mb(void *info)
+{
+ smp_mb(); /* IPIs should be serializing but paranoid. */
+}
+
+static void membarrier_private_expedited_ipi_each(void)
+{
+ int cpu;
+
+ for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
+ struct task_struct *p;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ p = task_rcu_dereference(&cpu_rq(cpu)->curr);
+ if (p && p->mm == current->mm)
+ smp_call_function_single(cpu, ipi_mb, NULL, 1);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ }
+}
+
+static void membarrier_private_expedited(void)
+{
+ int cpu, this_cpu;
+ cpumask_var_t tmpmask;
+
+ if (num_online_cpus() == 1)
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * Matches memory barriers around rq->curr modification in
+ * scheduler.
+ */
+ smp_mb(); /* system call entry is not a mb. */
+
+ if (!alloc_cpumask_var(&tmpmask, GFP_NOWAIT)) {
+ /* Fallback for OOM. */
+ membarrier_private_expedited_ipi_each();
+ goto end;
+ }
+
+ this_cpu = raw_smp_processor_id();
+ for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
+ struct task_struct *p;
+
+ if (cpu == this_cpu)
+ continue;
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ p = task_rcu_dereference(&cpu_rq(cpu)->curr);
+ if (p && p->mm == current->mm)
+ __cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, tmpmask);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ }
+ smp_call_function_many(tmpmask, ipi_mb, NULL, 1);
+ free_cpumask_var(tmpmask);
+end:
+ /*
+ * Memory barrier on the caller thread _after_ we finished
+ * waiting for the last IPI. Matches memory barriers around
+ * rq->curr modification in scheduler.
+ */
+ smp_mb(); /* exit from system call is not a mb */
+}

/**
* sys_membarrier - issue memory barriers on a set of threads
@@ -64,6 +135,9 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(membarrier, int, cmd, int, flags)
if (num_online_cpus() > 1)
synchronize_sched();
return 0;
+ case MEMBARRIER_CMD_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED:
+ membarrier_private_expedited();
+ return 0;
default:
return -EINVAL;
}
diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 17c667b427b4..f171d2aaaf82 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -2724,6 +2724,26 @@ asmlinkage __visible void schedule_tail(struct task_struct *prev)
put_user(task_pid_vnr(current), current->set_child_tid);
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_MEMBARRIER
+static void membarrier_expedited_mb_after_set_current(struct mm_struct *mm,
+ struct mm_struct *oldmm)
+{
+ if (likely(mm == oldmm))
+ return; /* Thread context switch, same mm. */
+ /*
+ * When switching between processes, membarrier expedited
+ * private requires a memory barrier after we set the current
+ * task.
+ */
+ smp_mb();
+}
+#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_MEMBARRIER */
+static void membarrier_expedited_mb_after_set_current(struct mm_struct *mm,
+ struct mm_struct *oldmm)
+{
+}
+#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_MEMBARRIER */
+
/*
* context_switch - switch to the new MM and the new thread's register state.
*/
@@ -2737,6 +2757,7 @@ context_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev,

mm = next->mm;
oldmm = prev->active_mm;
+ membarrier_expedited_mb_after_set_current(mm, oldmm);
/*
* For paravirt, this is coupled with an exit in switch_to to
* combine the page table reload and the switch backend into
--
2.11.0
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