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Subject[PATCH 4.12 030/196] Btrfs: fix invalid extent maps due to hole punching
Date
4.12-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Filipe Manana <fdmanana@suse.com>

commit 609805d809733d0c669f21f710bdac308cc63cba upstream.

While punching a hole in a range that is not aligned with the sector size
(currently the same as the page size) we can end up leaving an extent map
in memory with a length that is smaller then the sector size or with a
start offset that is not aligned to the sector size. Both cases are not
expected and can lead to problems. This issue is easily detected
after the patch from commit a7e3b975a0f9 ("Btrfs: fix reported number of
inode blocks"), introduced in kernel 4.12-rc1, in a scenario like the
following for example:

$ mkfs.btrfs -f /dev/sdb
$ mount /dev/sdb /mnt
$ xfs_io -c "pwrite -S 0xaa -b 100K 0 100K" /mnt/foo
$ xfs_io -c "fpunch 60K 90K" /mnt/foo
$ xfs_io -c "pwrite -S 0xbb -b 100K 50K 100K" /mnt/foo
$ xfs_io -c "pwrite -S 0xcc -b 50K 100K 50K" /mnt/foo
$ umount /mnt

After the unmount operation we can see several warnings emmitted due to
underflows related to space reservation counters:

[ 2837.443299] ------------[ cut here ]------------
[ 2837.447395] WARNING: CPU: 8 PID: 2474 at fs/btrfs/inode.c:9444 btrfs_destroy_inode+0xe8/0x27e [btrfs]
[ 2837.452108] Modules linked in: dm_flakey dm_mod ppdev parport_pc psmouse parport sg pcspkr acpi_cpufreq tpm_tis tpm_tis_core i2c_piix4 i2c_core evdev tpm button se
rio_raw sunrpc loop autofs4 ext4 crc16 jbd2 mbcache btrfs raid10 raid456 async_raid6_recov async_memcpy async_pq async_xor async_tx xor raid6_pq libcrc32c crc32c_gene
ric raid1 raid0 multipath linear md_mod sr_mod cdrom sd_mod ata_generic virtio_scsi ata_piix libata virtio_pci virtio_ring virtio e1000 scsi_mod floppy
[ 2837.458389] CPU: 8 PID: 2474 Comm: umount Tainted: G W 4.10.0-rc8-btrfs-next-43+ #1
[ 2837.459754] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS rel-1.9.1-0-gb3ef39f-prebuilt.qemu-project.org 04/01/2014
[ 2837.462379] Call Trace:
[ 2837.462379] dump_stack+0x68/0x92
[ 2837.462379] __warn+0xc2/0xdd
[ 2837.462379] warn_slowpath_null+0x1d/0x1f
[ 2837.462379] btrfs_destroy_inode+0xe8/0x27e [btrfs]
[ 2837.462379] destroy_inode+0x3d/0x55
[ 2837.462379] evict+0x177/0x17e
[ 2837.462379] dispose_list+0x50/0x71
[ 2837.462379] evict_inodes+0x132/0x141
[ 2837.462379] generic_shutdown_super+0x3f/0xeb
[ 2837.462379] kill_anon_super+0x12/0x1c
[ 2837.462379] btrfs_kill_super+0x16/0x21 [btrfs]
[ 2837.462379] deactivate_locked_super+0x30/0x68
[ 2837.462379] deactivate_super+0x36/0x39
[ 2837.462379] cleanup_mnt+0x58/0x76
[ 2837.462379] __cleanup_mnt+0x12/0x14
[ 2837.462379] task_work_run+0x77/0x9b
[ 2837.462379] prepare_exit_to_usermode+0x9d/0xc5
[ 2837.462379] syscall_return_slowpath+0x196/0x1b9
[ 2837.462379] entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0xab/0xad
[ 2837.462379] RIP: 0033:0x7f3ef3e6b9a7
[ 2837.462379] RSP: 002b:00007ffdd0d8de58 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 00000000000000a6
[ 2837.462379] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 0000556f76a39060 RCX: 00007f3ef3e6b9a7
[ 2837.462379] RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI: 0000556f76a3f910
[ 2837.462379] RBP: 0000556f76a3f910 R08: 0000556f76a3e670 R09: 0000000000000015
[ 2837.462379] R10: 00000000000006b4 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 00007f3ef436ce64
[ 2837.462379] R13: 0000000000000000 R14: 0000556f76a39240 R15: 00007ffdd0d8e0e0
[ 2837.519355] ---[ end trace e79345fe24b30b8d ]---
[ 2837.596256] ------------[ cut here ]------------
[ 2837.597625] WARNING: CPU: 8 PID: 2474 at fs/btrfs/extent-tree.c:5699 btrfs_free_block_groups+0x246/0x3eb [btrfs]
[ 2837.603547] Modules linked in: dm_flakey dm_mod ppdev parport_pc psmouse parport sg pcspkr acpi_cpufreq tpm_tis tpm_tis_core i2c_piix4 i2c_core evdev tpm button serio_raw sunrpc loop autofs4 ext4 crc16 jbd2 mbcache btrfs raid10 raid456 async_raid6_recov async_memcpy async_pq async_xor async_tx xor raid6_pq libcrc32c crc32c_generic raid1 raid0 multipath linear md_mod sr_mod cdrom sd_mod ata_generic virtio_scsi ata_piix libata virtio_pci virtio_ring virtio e1000 scsi_mod floppy
[ 2837.659372] CPU: 8 PID: 2474 Comm: umount Tainted: G W 4.10.0-rc8-btrfs-next-43+ #1
[ 2837.663359] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS rel-1.9.1-0-gb3ef39f-prebuilt.qemu-project.org 04/01/2014
[ 2837.663359] Call Trace:
[ 2837.663359] dump_stack+0x68/0x92
[ 2837.663359] __warn+0xc2/0xdd
[ 2837.663359] warn_slowpath_null+0x1d/0x1f
[ 2837.663359] btrfs_free_block_groups+0x246/0x3eb [btrfs]
[ 2837.663359] close_ctree+0x1dd/0x2e1 [btrfs]
[ 2837.663359] ? evict_inodes+0x132/0x141
[ 2837.663359] btrfs_put_super+0x15/0x17 [btrfs]
[ 2837.663359] generic_shutdown_super+0x6a/0xeb
[ 2837.663359] kill_anon_super+0x12/0x1c
[ 2837.663359] btrfs_kill_super+0x16/0x21 [btrfs]
[ 2837.663359] deactivate_locked_super+0x30/0x68
[ 2837.663359] deactivate_super+0x36/0x39
[ 2837.663359] cleanup_mnt+0x58/0x76
[ 2837.663359] __cleanup_mnt+0x12/0x14
[ 2837.663359] task_work_run+0x77/0x9b
[ 2837.663359] prepare_exit_to_usermode+0x9d/0xc5
[ 2837.663359] syscall_return_slowpath+0x196/0x1b9
[ 2837.663359] entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0xab/0xad
[ 2837.663359] RIP: 0033:0x7f3ef3e6b9a7
[ 2837.663359] RSP: 002b:00007ffdd0d8de58 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 00000000000000a6
[ 2837.663359] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 0000556f76a39060 RCX: 00007f3ef3e6b9a7
[ 2837.663359] RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI: 0000556f76a3f910
[ 2837.663359] RBP: 0000556f76a3f910 R08: 0000556f76a3e670 R09: 0000000000000015
[ 2837.663359] R10: 00000000000006b4 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 00007f3ef436ce64
[ 2837.663359] R13: 0000000000000000 R14: 0000556f76a39240 R15: 00007ffdd0d8e0e0
[ 2837.739445] ---[ end trace e79345fe24b30b8e ]---
[ 2837.745595] ------------[ cut here ]------------
[ 2837.746412] WARNING: CPU: 8 PID: 2474 at fs/btrfs/extent-tree.c:5700 btrfs_free_block_groups+0x261/0x3eb [btrfs]
[ 2837.747955] Modules linked in: dm_flakey dm_mod ppdev parport_pc psmouse parport sg pcspkr acpi_cpufreq tpm_tis tpm_tis_core i2c_piix4 i2c_core evdev tpm button serio_raw sunrpc loop autofs4 ext4 crc16 jbd2 mbcache btrfs raid10 raid456 async_raid6_recov async_memcpy async_pq async_xor async_tx xor raid6_pq libcrc32c crc32c_generic raid1 raid0 multipath linear md_mod sr_mod cdrom sd_mod ata_generic virtio_scsi ata_piix libata virtio_pci virtio_ring virtio e1000 scsi_mod floppy
[ 2837.755395] CPU: 8 PID: 2474 Comm: umount Tainted: G W 4.10.0-rc8-btrfs-next-43+ #1
[ 2837.756769] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS rel-1.9.1-0-gb3ef39f-prebuilt.qemu-project.org 04/01/2014
[ 2837.758526] Call Trace:
[ 2837.758925] dump_stack+0x68/0x92
[ 2837.759383] __warn+0xc2/0xdd
[ 2837.759383] warn_slowpath_null+0x1d/0x1f
[ 2837.759383] btrfs_free_block_groups+0x261/0x3eb [btrfs]
[ 2837.759383] close_ctree+0x1dd/0x2e1 [btrfs]
[ 2837.759383] ? evict_inodes+0x132/0x141
[ 2837.759383] btrfs_put_super+0x15/0x17 [btrfs]
[ 2837.759383] generic_shutdown_super+0x6a/0xeb
[ 2837.759383] kill_anon_super+0x12/0x1c
[ 2837.759383] btrfs_kill_super+0x16/0x21 [btrfs]
[ 2837.759383] deactivate_locked_super+0x30/0x68
[ 2837.759383] deactivate_super+0x36/0x39
[ 2837.759383] cleanup_mnt+0x58/0x76
[ 2837.759383] __cleanup_mnt+0x12/0x14
[ 2837.759383] task_work_run+0x77/0x9b
[ 2837.759383] prepare_exit_to_usermode+0x9d/0xc5
[ 2837.759383] syscall_return_slowpath+0x196/0x1b9
[ 2837.759383] entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0xab/0xad
[ 2837.759383] RIP: 0033:0x7f3ef3e6b9a7
[ 2837.759383] RSP: 002b:00007ffdd0d8de58 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 00000000000000a6
[ 2837.759383] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 0000556f76a39060 RCX: 00007f3ef3e6b9a7
[ 2837.759383] RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI: 0000556f76a3f910
[ 2837.759383] RBP: 0000556f76a3f910 R08: 0000556f76a3e670 R09: 0000000000000015
[ 2837.759383] R10: 00000000000006b4 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 00007f3ef436ce64
[ 2837.759383] R13: 0000000000000000 R14: 0000556f76a39240 R15: 00007ffdd0d8e0e0
[ 2837.777063] ---[ end trace e79345fe24b30b8f ]---
[ 2837.778235] ------------[ cut here ]------------
[ 2837.778856] WARNING: CPU: 8 PID: 2474 at fs/btrfs/extent-tree.c:9825 btrfs_free_block_groups+0x348/0x3eb [btrfs]
[ 2837.791385] Modules linked in: dm_flakey dm_mod ppdev parport_pc psmouse parport sg pcspkr acpi_cpufreq tpm_tis tpm_tis_core i2c_piix4 i2c_core evdev tpm button serio_raw sunrpc loop autofs4 ext4 crc16 jbd2 mbcache btrfs raid10 raid456 async_raid6_recov async_memcpy async_pq async_xor async_tx xor raid6_pq libcrc32c crc32c_generic raid1 raid0 multipath linear md_mod sr_mod cdrom sd_mod ata_generic virtio_scsi ata_piix libata virtio_pci virtio_ring virtio e1000 scsi_mod floppy
[ 2837.797711] CPU: 8 PID: 2474 Comm: umount Tainted: G W 4.10.0-rc8-btrfs-next-43+ #1
[ 2837.798594] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS rel-1.9.1-0-gb3ef39f-prebuilt.qemu-project.org 04/01/2014
[ 2837.800118] Call Trace:
[ 2837.800515] dump_stack+0x68/0x92
[ 2837.801015] __warn+0xc2/0xdd
[ 2837.801471] warn_slowpath_null+0x1d/0x1f
[ 2837.801698] btrfs_free_block_groups+0x348/0x3eb [btrfs]
[ 2837.801698] close_ctree+0x1dd/0x2e1 [btrfs]
[ 2837.801698] ? evict_inodes+0x132/0x141
[ 2837.801698] btrfs_put_super+0x15/0x17 [btrfs]
[ 2837.801698] generic_shutdown_super+0x6a/0xeb
[ 2837.801698] kill_anon_super+0x12/0x1c
[ 2837.801698] btrfs_kill_super+0x16/0x21 [btrfs]
[ 2837.801698] deactivate_locked_super+0x30/0x68
[ 2837.801698] deactivate_super+0x36/0x39
[ 2837.801698] cleanup_mnt+0x58/0x76
[ 2837.801698] __cleanup_mnt+0x12/0x14
[ 2837.801698] task_work_run+0x77/0x9b
[ 2837.801698] prepare_exit_to_usermode+0x9d/0xc5
[ 2837.801698] syscall_return_slowpath+0x196/0x1b9
[ 2837.801698] entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0xab/0xad
[ 2837.801698] RIP: 0033:0x7f3ef3e6b9a7
[ 2837.801698] RSP: 002b:00007ffdd0d8de58 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 00000000000000a6
[ 2837.801698] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 0000556f76a39060 RCX: 00007f3ef3e6b9a7
[ 2837.801698] RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI: 0000556f76a3f910
[ 2837.801698] RBP: 0000556f76a3f910 R08: 0000556f76a3e670 R09: 0000000000000015
[ 2837.801698] R10: 00000000000006b4 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 00007f3ef436ce64
[ 2837.801698] R13: 0000000000000000 R14: 0000556f76a39240 R15: 00007ffdd0d8e0e0
[ 2837.818441] ---[ end trace e79345fe24b30b90 ]---
[ 2837.818991] BTRFS info (device sdc): space_info 1 has 7974912 free, is not full
[ 2837.819830] BTRFS info (device sdc): space_info total=8388608, used=417792, pinned=0, reserved=0, may_use=18446744073709547520, readonly=0

What happens in the above example is the following:

1) When punching the hole, at btrfs_punch_hole(), the variable tail_len
is set to 2048 (as tail_start is 148Kb + 1 and offset + len is 150Kb).
This results in the creation of an extent map with a length of 2Kb
starting at file offset 148Kb, through find_first_non_hole() ->
btrfs_get_extent().

2) The second write (first write after the hole punch operation), sets
the range [50Kb, 152Kb[ to delalloc.

3) The third write, at btrfs_find_new_delalloc_bytes(), sees the extent
map covering the range [148Kb, 150Kb[ and ends up calling
set_extent_bit() for the same range, which results in splitting an
existing extent state record, covering the range [148Kb, 152Kb[ into
two 2Kb extent state records, covering the ranges [148Kb, 150Kb[ and
[150Kb, 152Kb[.

4) Finally at lock_and_cleanup_extent_if_need(), immediately after calling
btrfs_find_new_delalloc_bytes() we clear the delalloc bit from the
range [100Kb, 152Kb[ which results in the btrfs_clear_bit_hook()
callback being invoked against the two 2Kb extent state records that
cover the ranges [148Kb, 150Kb[ and [150Kb, 152Kb[. When called against
the first 2Kb extent state, it calls btrfs_delalloc_release_metadata()
with a length argument of 2048 bytes. That function rounds up the length
to a sector size aligned length, so it ends up considering a length of
4096 bytes, and then calls calc_csum_metadata_size() which results in
decrementing the inode's csum_bytes counter by 4096 bytes, so after
it stays a value of 0 bytes. Then the same happens when
btrfs_clear_bit_hook() is called against the second extent state that
has a length of 2Kb, covering the range [150Kb, 152Kb[, the length is
rounded up to 4096 and calc_csum_metadata_size() ends up being called
to decrement 4096 bytes from the inode's csum_bytes counter, which
at that time has a value of 0, leading to an underflow, which is
exactly what triggers the first warning, at btrfs_destroy_inode().
All the other warnings relate to several space accounting counters
that underflow as well due to similar reasons.

A similar case but where the hole punching operation creates an extent map
with a start offset not aligned to the sector size is the following:

$ mkfs.btrfs -f /dev/sdb
$ mount /dev/sdb /mnt
$ xfs_io -f -c "fpunch 695K 820K" $SCRATCH_MNT/bar
$ xfs_io -c "pwrite -S 0xaa 1008K 307K" $SCRATCH_MNT/bar
$ xfs_io -c "pwrite -S 0xbb -b 630K 1073K 630K" $SCRATCH_MNT/bar
$ xfs_io -c "pwrite -S 0xcc -b 459K 1068K 459K" $SCRATCH_MNT/bar
$ umount /mnt

During the unmount operation we get similar traces for the same reasons as
in the first example.

So fix the hole punching operation to make sure it never creates extent
maps with a length that is not aligned to the sector size nor with a start
offset that is not aligned to the sector size, as this breaks all
assumptions and it's a land mine.

Fixes: d77815461f04 ("btrfs: Avoid trucating page or punching hole in a already existed hole.")
Signed-off-by: Filipe Manana <fdmanana@suse.com>
Reviewed-by: Liu Bo <bo.li.liu@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: David Sterba <dsterba@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
fs/btrfs/file.c | 5 ++++-
1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

--- a/fs/btrfs/file.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/file.c
@@ -2390,10 +2390,13 @@ out:
*/
static int find_first_non_hole(struct inode *inode, u64 *start, u64 *len)
{
+ struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = btrfs_sb(inode->i_sb);
struct extent_map *em;
int ret = 0;

- em = btrfs_get_extent(BTRFS_I(inode), NULL, 0, *start, *len, 0);
+ em = btrfs_get_extent(BTRFS_I(inode), NULL, 0,
+ round_down(*start, fs_info->sectorsize),
+ round_up(*len, fs_info->sectorsize), 0);
if (IS_ERR(em))
return PTR_ERR(em);


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