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SubjectRe: [RFC Part1 PATCH v3 01/17] Documentation/x86: Add AMD Secure Encrypted Virtualization (SEV) descrption
On Mon, Jul 24, 2017 at 02:07:41PM -0500, Brijesh Singh wrote:

Subject: Re: [RFC Part1 PATCH v3 01/17] Documentation/x86: Add AMD Secure Encrypted Virtualization (SEV) descrption

Please introduce a spellchecker into your workflow.

> Update amd-memory-encryption document describing the AMD Secure Encrypted

"Update the AMD memory encryption document...

The patch has the proper URL already.

> Virtualization (SEV) feature.
> Signed-off-by: Brijesh Singh <>
> ---
> Documentation/x86/amd-memory-encryption.txt | 29 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
> 1 file changed, 26 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> diff --git a/Documentation/x86/amd-memory-encryption.txt b/Documentation/x86/amd-memory-encryption.txt
> index f512ab7..747df07 100644
> --- a/Documentation/x86/amd-memory-encryption.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/x86/amd-memory-encryption.txt
> @@ -1,4 +1,5 @@
> -Secure Memory Encryption (SME) is a feature found on AMD processors.
> +Secure Memory Encryption (SME) and Secure Encrypted Virtualization (SEV) are
> +features found on AMD processors.
> SME provides the ability to mark individual pages of memory as encrypted using
> the standard x86 page tables. A page that is marked encrypted will be
> @@ -6,6 +7,12 @@ automatically decrypted when read from DRAM and encrypted when written to
> DRAM. SME can therefore be used to protect the contents of DRAM from physical
> attacks on the system.
> +SEV enables running encrypted virtual machine (VMs) in which the code and data


> +of the virtual machine are secured so that decrypted version is available only

... of the guest VM ... ... so that a decrypted ...

> +within the VM itself. SEV guest VMs have concept of private and shared memory.

have *the* concept - you need to use
definite and indefinite articles in your

> +Private memory is encrypted with the guest-specific key, while shared memory
> +may be encrypted with hypervisor key.
And here you explain that the hypervisor key is the same key which we
use in SME. So that people can make the connection.

> +
> A page is encrypted when a page table entry has the encryption bit set (see
> below on how to determine its position). The encryption bit can also be
> specified in the cr3 register, allowing the PGD table to be encrypted. Each
> @@ -19,11 +26,20 @@ so that the PGD is encrypted, but not set the encryption bit in the PGD entry
> for a PUD which results in the PUD pointed to by that entry to not be
> encrypted.
> -Support for SME can be determined through the CPUID instruction. The CPUID
> -function 0x8000001f reports information related to SME:
> +When SEV is enabled, certain type of memory (namely insruction pages and guest

When SEV is enabled, instruction pages and guest page tables are ...

> +page tables) are always treated as private. Due to security reasons all DMA

security reasons??

> +operations inside the guest must be performed on shared memory. Since the
> +memory encryption bit is only controllable by the guest OS when it is operating

... is controlled ...

> +in 64-bit or 32-bit PAE mode, in all other modes the SEV hardware forces memory

... forces the memory ...

> +encryption bit to 1.
> +
> +Support for SME and SEV can be determined through the CPUID instruction. The
> +CPUID function 0x8000001f reports information related to SME:
> 0x8000001f[eax]:
> Bit[0] indicates support for SME
> + 0x800001f[eax]:

There's a 0 missing and you don't really need it as it is already above.

> + Bit[1] indicates support for SEV
> 0x8000001f[ebx]:
> Bits[5:0] pagetable bit number used to activate memory
> encryption
> @@ -39,6 +55,13 @@ determine if SME is enabled and/or to enable memory encryption:
> Bit[23] 0 = memory encryption features are disabled
> 1 = memory encryption features are enabled
> +If SEV is supported, MSR 0xc0010131 (MSR_F17H_SEV) can be used to determine if

If this MSR is going to be part of the architecture - and I really think
it is - then call it MSR_AMD64_SEV.


SUSE Linux GmbH, GF: Felix Imendörffer, Jane Smithard, Graham Norton, HRB 21284 (AG Nürnberg)

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