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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/4] fs/dcache: Limit numbers of negative dentries
On 07/19/2017 10:39 AM, Miklos Szeredi wrote:
> On Mon, Jul 17, 2017 at 3:39 PM, Waiman Long <> wrote:
>> The number of positive dentries is limited by the number of files
>> in the filesystems. The number of negative dentries, however,
>> has no limit other than the total amount of memory available in
>> the system. So a rogue application that generates a lot of negative
>> dentries can potentially exhaust most of the memory available in the
>> system impacting performance on other running applications.
>> To prevent this from happening, the dcache code is now updated to limit
>> the amount of the negative dentries in the LRU lists that can be kept
>> as a percentage of total available system memory. The default is 5%
>> and can be changed by specifying the "neg_dentry_pc=" kernel command
>> line option.
> AFAICS the implementation is counter to the concept of LRU since it
> will get rid of the most recently used negative dentry after passing
> the limit. Which in itself is a source of DoS (keep rouge negative
> dentries at just about the limit, so normal application are prevented
> from getting their negatives cached).
> Thanks,
> Miklos

Yes, you are right. That is exactly the problem with patch 1 alone. That
is why I have patches 3 & 4 to enable automatic trimming to decrease the
number of negative dentries before the limit is reached assuming the
rate of increase of negative dentries isn't faster that the reduction
rate of the automatic trimming process.


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