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Subject[PATCH 4.11 080/115] mm: avoid spurious bad pmd warning messages
Date
4.11-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com>

commit d0f0931de936a0a468d7e59284d39581c16d3a73 upstream.

When the pmd_devmap() checks were added by 5c7fb56e5e3f ("mm, dax:
dax-pmd vs thp-pmd vs hugetlbfs-pmd") to add better support for DAX huge
pages, they were all added to the end of if() statements after existing
pmd_trans_huge() checks. So, things like:

- if (pmd_trans_huge(*pmd))
+ if (pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd))

When further checks were added after pmd_trans_unstable() checks by
commit 7267ec008b5c ("mm: postpone page table allocation until we have
page to map") they were also added at the end of the conditional:

+ if (pmd_trans_unstable(fe->pmd) || pmd_devmap(*fe->pmd))

This ordering is fine for pmd_trans_huge(), but doesn't work for
pmd_trans_unstable(). This is because DAX huge pages trip the bad_pmd()
check inside of pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad() (called by
pmd_trans_unstable()), which prints out a warning and returns 1. So, we
do end up doing the right thing, but only after spamming dmesg with
suspicious looking messages:

mm/pgtable-generic.c:39: bad pmd ffff8808daa49b88(84000001006000a5)

Reorder these checks in a helper so that pmd_devmap() is checked first,
avoiding the error messages, and add a comment explaining why the
ordering is important.

Fixes: commit 7267ec008b5c ("mm: postpone page table allocation until we have page to map")
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170522215749.23516-1-ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Pawel Lebioda <pawel.lebioda@intel.com>
Cc: "Darrick J. Wong" <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Cc: "Kirill A . Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Dave Jiang <dave.jiang@intel.com>
Cc: Xiong Zhou <xzhou@redhat.com>
Cc: Eryu Guan <eguan@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
mm/memory.c | 40 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
1 file changed, 30 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

--- a/mm/memory.c
+++ b/mm/memory.c
@@ -3029,6 +3029,17 @@ static int __do_fault(struct vm_fault *v
return ret;
}

+/*
+ * The ordering of these checks is important for pmds with _PAGE_DEVMAP set.
+ * If we check pmd_trans_unstable() first we will trip the bad_pmd() check
+ * inside of pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(). This will end up correctly
+ * returning 1 but not before it spams dmesg with the pmd_clear_bad() output.
+ */
+static int pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(pmd_t *pmd)
+{
+ return pmd_devmap(*pmd) || pmd_trans_unstable(pmd);
+}
+
static int pte_alloc_one_map(struct vm_fault *vmf)
{
struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma;
@@ -3052,18 +3063,27 @@ static int pte_alloc_one_map(struct vm_f
map_pte:
/*
* If a huge pmd materialized under us just retry later. Use
- * pmd_trans_unstable() instead of pmd_trans_huge() to ensure the pmd
- * didn't become pmd_trans_huge under us and then back to pmd_none, as
- * a result of MADV_DONTNEED running immediately after a huge pmd fault
- * in a different thread of this mm, in turn leading to a misleading
- * pmd_trans_huge() retval. All we have to ensure is that it is a
- * regular pmd that we can walk with pte_offset_map() and we can do that
- * through an atomic read in C, which is what pmd_trans_unstable()
- * provides.
+ * pmd_trans_unstable() via pmd_devmap_trans_unstable() instead of
+ * pmd_trans_huge() to ensure the pmd didn't become pmd_trans_huge
+ * under us and then back to pmd_none, as a result of MADV_DONTNEED
+ * running immediately after a huge pmd fault in a different thread of
+ * this mm, in turn leading to a misleading pmd_trans_huge() retval.
+ * All we have to ensure is that it is a regular pmd that we can walk
+ * with pte_offset_map() and we can do that through an atomic read in
+ * C, which is what pmd_trans_unstable() provides.
*/
- if (pmd_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd) || pmd_devmap(*vmf->pmd))
+ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd))
return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE;

+ /*
+ * At this point we know that our vmf->pmd points to a page of ptes
+ * and it cannot become pmd_none(), pmd_devmap() or pmd_trans_huge()
+ * for the duration of the fault. If a racing MADV_DONTNEED runs and
+ * we zap the ptes pointed to by our vmf->pmd, the vmf->ptl will still
+ * be valid and we will re-check to make sure the vmf->pte isn't
+ * pte_none() under vmf->ptl protection when we return to
+ * alloc_set_pte().
+ */
vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address,
&vmf->ptl);
return 0;
@@ -3690,7 +3710,7 @@ static int handle_pte_fault(struct vm_fa
vmf->pte = NULL;
} else {
/* See comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */
- if (pmd_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd) || pmd_devmap(*vmf->pmd))
+ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd))
return 0;
/*
* A regular pmd is established and it can't morph into a huge

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