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Subject[PATCH 4.11 081/115] dax: fix race between colliding PMD & PTE entries
Date
4.11-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com>

commit e2093926a098a8ccf0f1d10f6df8dad452cb28d3 upstream.

We currently have two related PMD vs PTE races in the DAX code. These
can both be easily triggered by having two threads reading and writing
simultaneously to the same private mapping, with the key being that
private mapping reads can be handled with PMDs but private mapping
writes are always handled with PTEs so that we can COW.

Here is the first race:

CPU 0 CPU 1

(private mapping write)
__handle_mm_fault()
create_huge_pmd() - FALLBACK
handle_pte_fault()
passes check for pmd_devmap()

(private mapping read)
__handle_mm_fault()
create_huge_pmd()
dax_iomap_pmd_fault() inserts PMD

dax_iomap_pte_fault() does a PTE fault, but we already have a DAX PMD
installed in our page tables at this spot.

Here's the second race:

CPU 0 CPU 1

(private mapping read)
__handle_mm_fault()
passes check for pmd_none()
create_huge_pmd()
dax_iomap_pmd_fault() inserts PMD

(private mapping write)
__handle_mm_fault()
create_huge_pmd() - FALLBACK
(private mapping read)
__handle_mm_fault()
passes check for pmd_none()
create_huge_pmd()

handle_pte_fault()
dax_iomap_pte_fault() inserts PTE
dax_iomap_pmd_fault() inserts PMD,
but we already have a PTE at
this spot.

The core of the issue is that while there is isolation between faults to
the same range in the DAX fault handlers via our DAX entry locking,
there is no isolation between faults in the code in mm/memory.c. This
means for instance that this code in __handle_mm_fault() can run:

if (pmd_none(*vmf.pmd) && transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) {
ret = create_huge_pmd(&vmf);

But by the time we actually get to run the fault handler called by
create_huge_pmd(), the PMD is no longer pmd_none() because a racing PTE
fault has installed a normal PMD here as a parent. This is the cause of
the 2nd race. The first race is similar - there is the following check
in handle_pte_fault():

} else {
/* See comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */
if (pmd_devmap(*vmf->pmd) || pmd_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd))
return 0;

So if a pmd_devmap() PMD (a DAX PMD) has been installed at vmf->pmd, we
will bail and retry the fault. This is correct, but there is nothing
preventing the PMD from being installed after this check but before we
actually get to the DAX PTE fault handlers.

In my testing these races result in the following types of errors:

BUG: Bad rss-counter state mm:ffff8800a817d280 idx:1 val:1
BUG: non-zero nr_ptes on freeing mm: 15

Fix this issue by having the DAX fault handlers verify that it is safe
to continue their fault after they have taken an entry lock to block
other racing faults.

[ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com: improve fix for colliding PMD & PTE entries]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170526195932.32178-1-ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170522215749.23516-2-ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com>
Reported-by: Pawel Lebioda <pawel.lebioda@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: "Darrick J. Wong" <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
Cc: "Kirill A . Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Pawel Lebioda <pawel.lebioda@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Jiang <dave.jiang@intel.com>
Cc: Xiong Zhou <xzhou@redhat.com>
Cc: Eryu Guan <eguan@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
fs/dax.c | 23 +++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 23 insertions(+)

--- a/fs/dax.c
+++ b/fs/dax.c
@@ -1129,6 +1129,17 @@ static int dax_iomap_pte_fault(struct vm
return dax_fault_return(PTR_ERR(entry));

/*
+ * It is possible, particularly with mixed reads & writes to private
+ * mappings, that we have raced with a PMD fault that overlaps with
+ * the PTE we need to set up. If so just return and the fault will be
+ * retried.
+ */
+ if (pmd_trans_huge(*vmf->pmd) || pmd_devmap(*vmf->pmd)) {
+ vmf_ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE;
+ goto unlock_entry;
+ }
+
+ /*
* Note that we don't bother to use iomap_apply here: DAX required
* the file system block size to be equal the page size, which means
* that we never have to deal with more than a single extent here.
@@ -1363,6 +1374,18 @@ static int dax_iomap_pmd_fault(struct vm
goto fallback;

/*
+ * It is possible, particularly with mixed reads & writes to private
+ * mappings, that we have raced with a PTE fault that overlaps with
+ * the PMD we need to set up. If so just return and the fault will be
+ * retried.
+ */
+ if (!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && !pmd_trans_huge(*vmf->pmd) &&
+ !pmd_devmap(*vmf->pmd)) {
+ result = 0;
+ goto unlock_entry;
+ }
+
+ /*
* Note that we don't use iomap_apply here. We aren't doing I/O, only
* setting up a mapping, so really we're using iomap_begin() as a way
* to look up our filesystem block.

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