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Subject[PATCH 4.11 008/115] bpf, arm64: fix faulty emission of map access in tail calls
4.11-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Daniel Borkmann <>

[ Upstream commit d8b54110ee944de522ccd3531191f39986ec20f9 ]

Shubham was recently asking on netdev why in arm64 JIT we don't multiply
the index for accessing the tail call map by 8. That led me into testing
out arm64 JIT wrt tail calls and it turned out I got a NULL pointer
dereference on the tail call.

The buggy access is at:

prog = array->ptrs[index];
if (prog == NULL)
goto out;

00000060: d2800e0a mov x10, #0x70 // #112
00000064: f86a682a ldr x10, [x1,x10]
00000068: f862694b ldr x11, [x10,x2]
0000006c: b40000ab cbz x11, 0x00000080

The code triggering the crash is f862694b. x1 at the time contains the
address of the bpf array, x10 offsetof(struct bpf_array, ptrs). Meaning,
above we load the pointer to the program at map slot 0 into x10. x10
can then be NULL if the slot is not occupied, which we later on try to
access with a user given offset in x2 that is the map index.

Fix this by emitting the following instead:

00000060: d2800e0a mov x10, #0x70 // #112
00000064: 8b0a002a add x10, x1, x10
00000068: d37df04b lsl x11, x2, #3
0000006c: f86b694b ldr x11, [x10,x11]
00000070: b40000ab cbz x11, 0x00000084

This basically adds the offset to ptrs to the base address of the bpf
array we got and we later on access the map with an index * 8 offset
relative to that. The tail call map itself is basically one large area
with meta data at the head followed by the array of prog pointers.
This makes tail calls working again, tested on Cavium ThunderX ARMv8.

Fixes: ddb55992b04d ("arm64: bpf: implement bpf_tail_call() helper")
Reported-by: Shubham Bansal <>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>
arch/arm64/net/bpf_jit_comp.c | 5 +++--
1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/arm64/net/bpf_jit_comp.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/net/bpf_jit_comp.c
@@ -252,8 +252,9 @@ static int emit_bpf_tail_call(struct jit
off = offsetof(struct bpf_array, ptrs);
emit_a64_mov_i64(tmp, off, ctx);
- emit(A64_LDR64(tmp, r2, tmp), ctx);
- emit(A64_LDR64(prg, tmp, r3), ctx);
+ emit(A64_ADD(1, tmp, r2, tmp), ctx);
+ emit(A64_LSL(1, prg, r3, 3), ctx);
+ emit(A64_LDR64(prg, tmp, prg), ctx);
emit(A64_CBZ(1, prg, jmp_offset), ctx);

/* goto *(prog->bpf_func + prologue_size); */

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