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Subject[PATCH 1/4] x86: do not use cpufreq_quick_get() for /proc/cpuinfo "cpu MHz"
Date
From: Len Brown <len.brown@intel.com>

cpufreq_quick_get() allows cpufreq drivers to over-ride cpu_khz
that is otherwise reported in x86 /proc/cpuinfo "cpu MHz".

There are four problems with this scheme,
any of them is sufficient justification to delete it.

1. Depending on which cpufreq driver is loaded, the behavior
of this field is different.

2. Distros complain that they have to explain to users
why and how this field changes. Distros have requested a constant.

3. The two major providers of this information, acpi_cpufreq
and intel_pstate, both "get it wrong" in different ways.

acpi_cpufreq lies to the user by telling them that
they are running at whatever frequency was last
requested by software.

intel_pstate lies to the user by telling them that
they are running at the average frequency computed
over an undefined measurement. But an average computed
over an undefined interval, is itself, undefined...

4. On modern processors, user space utilities, such as
turbostat(1), are more accurate and more precise, while
supporing concurrent measurement over arbitrary intervals.

Users who have been consulting /proc/cpuinfo to
track changing CPU frequency will be dissapointed that
it no longer wiggles -- perhaps being unaware of the
limitations of the information they have been consuming.

Yes, they can change their scripts to look in sysfs
cpufreq/scaling_cur_frequency. Here they will find the same
data of dubious quality here removed from /proc/cpuinfo.
The value in sysfs will be addressed in a subsequent patch
to address issues 1-3, above.

Issue 4 will remain -- users that really care about
accurate frequency information should not be using either
proc or sysfs kernel interfaces.
They should be using using turbostat(8), or a similar
purpose-built analysis tool.

Signed-off-by: Len Brown <len.brown@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
---
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/proc.c | 10 ++--------
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/proc.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/proc.c
index 6df621a..218f798 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/proc.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/proc.c
@@ -2,7 +2,6 @@
#include <linux/timex.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
-#include <linux/cpufreq.h>

/*
* Get CPU information for use by the procfs.
@@ -76,14 +75,9 @@ static int show_cpuinfo(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
if (c->microcode)
seq_printf(m, "microcode\t: 0x%x\n", c->microcode);

- if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_TSC)) {
- unsigned int freq = cpufreq_quick_get(cpu);
-
- if (!freq)
- freq = cpu_khz;
+ if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_TSC))
seq_printf(m, "cpu MHz\t\t: %u.%03u\n",
- freq / 1000, (freq % 1000));
- }
+ cpu_khz / 1000, (cpu_khz % 1000));

/* Cache size */
if (c->x86_cache_size >= 0)
--
2.7.4
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