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Subject[RESEND PATCH v2] kobject: support passing in variables for synthetic uevents
Date
Hi Greg,

I'm resending rebased patch with updated date and kernel version in
sysfs-uevent ABI documentation. There were no further comments and
feedback for a month, will you consider the patch for inclusion?


This patch makes it possible to pass additional arguments in addition
to uevent action name when writing /sys/.../uevent attribute. These
additional arguments are then inserted into generated synthetic uevent
as additional environment variables.

Before, we were not able to pass any additional uevent environment
variables for synthetic uevents. This made it hard to identify such uevents
properly in userspace to make proper distinction between genuine uevents
originating from kernel and synthetic uevents triggered from userspace.
Also, it was not possible to pass any additional information which would
make it possible to optimize and change the way the synthetic uevents are
processed back in userspace based on the originating environment of the
triggering action in userspace. With the extra additional variables, we are
able to pass through this extra information needed and also it makes it
possible to synchronize with such synthetic uevents as they can be clearly
identified back in userspace.

The format for writing the uevent attribute is following:

ACTION [UUID [KEY=VALUE ...]

There's no change in how "ACTION" is recognized - it stays the same
("add", "change", "remove"). The "ACTION" is the only argument required
to generate synthetic uevent, the rest of arguments, that this patch
adds support for, are optional.

The "UUID" is considered as transaction identifier so it's possible to
use the same UUID value for one or more synthetic uevents in which case
we logically group these uevents together for any userspace listeners.
The "UUID" is expected to be in "xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx"
format where "x" is a hex digit. The value appears in uevent as
"SYNTH_UUID=xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx" environment variable.

The "KEY=VALUE" pairs can contain alphanumeric characters only. It's
possible to define zero or more more pairs - each pair is then delimited
by a space character " ". Each pair appears in synthetic uevents as
"SYNTH_ARG_KEY=VALUE" environment variable. That means the KEY name gains
"SYNTH_ARG_" prefix to avoid possible collisions with existing variables.
To pass the "KEY=VALUE" pairs, it's also required to pass in the "UUID"
part for the synthetic uevent first.

If "UUID" is not passed in, the generated synthetic uevent gains
"SYNTH_UUID=0" environment variable automatically so it's possible to
identify this situation in userspace when reading generated uevent and so
we can still make a difference between genuine and synthetic uevents.

Changes from v1:

- Add Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-uevent describing extended format
for writing the /sys/.../uevent file.

Signed-off-by: Peter Rajnoha <prajnoha@redhat.com>
---
Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-uevent | 47 ++++++++++
drivers/base/bus.c | 10 +-
drivers/base/core.c | 7 +-
include/linux/kobject.h | 4 +-
kernel/module.c | 5 +-
lib/kobject_uevent.c | 167 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
6 files changed, 207 insertions(+), 33 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-uevent

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-uevent b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-uevent
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d7ac990
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-uevent
@@ -0,0 +1,47 @@
+What: /sys/.../uevent
+Date: May 2017
+KernelVersion: 4.12
+Contact: Linux kernel mailing list <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>
+Description:
+ Enable passing additional variables for synthetic uevents that
+ are generated by writing /sys/.../uevent file.
+
+ Recognized extended format is ACTION [UUID [KEY=VALUE ...].
+
+ The ACTION is compulsory - it is the name of the uevent action
+ ("add", "change", "remove"). There is no change compared to
+ previous functionality here. The rest of the extended format
+ is optional.
+
+ You need to pass UUID first before any KEY=VALUE pairs.
+ The UUID must be in "xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx"
+ format where 'x' is a hex digit. The UUID is considered to be
+ a transaction identifier so it's possible to use the same UUID
+ value for one or more synthetic uevents in which case we
+ logically group these uevents together for any userspace
+ listeners. The UUID value appears in uevent as
+ "SYNTH_UUID=xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx" environment
+ variable.
+
+ If UUID is not passed in, the generated synthetic uevent gains
+ "SYNTH_UUID=0" environment variable automatically.
+
+ The KEY=VALUE pairs can contain alphanumeric characters only.
+ It's possible to define zero or more pairs - each pair is then
+ delimited by a space character ' '. Each pair appears in
+ synthetic uevent as "SYNTH_ARG_KEY=VALUE". That means the KEY
+ name gains "SYNTH_ARG_" prefix to avoid possible collisions
+ with existing variables.
+
+ Example of valid sequence written to the uevent file:
+
+ add fe4d7c9d-b8c6-4a70-9ef1-3d8a58d18eed A=1 B=abc
+
+ This generates synthetic uevent including these variables:
+
+ ACTION=add
+ SYNTH_ARG_A=1
+ SYNTH_ARG_B=abc
+ SYNTH_UUID=fe4d7c9d-b8c6-4a70-9ef1-3d8a58d18eed
+Users:
+ udev, userspace tools generating synthetic uevents
diff --git a/drivers/base/bus.c b/drivers/base/bus.c
index 6470eb8..f945f2f 100644
--- a/drivers/base/bus.c
+++ b/drivers/base/bus.c
@@ -648,10 +648,7 @@ static void remove_probe_files(struct bus_type *bus)
static ssize_t uevent_store(struct device_driver *drv, const char *buf,
size_t count)
{
- enum kobject_action action;
-
- if (kobject_action_type(buf, count, &action) == 0)
- kobject_uevent(&drv->p->kobj, action);
+ kobject_synth_uevent(&drv->p->kobj, buf, count);
return count;
}
static DRIVER_ATTR_WO(uevent);
@@ -868,10 +865,7 @@ static void klist_devices_put(struct klist_node *n)
static ssize_t bus_uevent_store(struct bus_type *bus,
const char *buf, size_t count)
{
- enum kobject_action action;
-
- if (kobject_action_type(buf, count, &action) == 0)
- kobject_uevent(&bus->p->subsys.kobj, action);
+ kobject_synth_uevent(&bus->p->subsys.kobj, buf, count);
return count;
}
static BUS_ATTR(uevent, S_IWUSR, NULL, bus_uevent_store);
diff --git a/drivers/base/core.c b/drivers/base/core.c
index bbecaf9..6564339 100644
--- a/drivers/base/core.c
+++ b/drivers/base/core.c
@@ -981,12 +981,9 @@ static ssize_t uevent_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
static ssize_t uevent_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
const char *buf, size_t count)
{
- enum kobject_action action;
+ if (kobject_synth_uevent(&dev->kobj, buf, count))
+ dev_err(dev, "uevent: failed to send synthetic uevent\n");

- if (kobject_action_type(buf, count, &action) == 0)
- kobject_uevent(&dev->kobj, action);
- else
- dev_err(dev, "uevent: unknown action-string\n");
return count;
}
static DEVICE_ATTR_RW(uevent);
diff --git a/include/linux/kobject.h b/include/linux/kobject.h
index ca85cb8..eeab34b 100644
--- a/include/linux/kobject.h
+++ b/include/linux/kobject.h
@@ -217,11 +217,9 @@ extern struct kobject *firmware_kobj;
int kobject_uevent(struct kobject *kobj, enum kobject_action action);
int kobject_uevent_env(struct kobject *kobj, enum kobject_action action,
char *envp[]);
+int kobject_synth_uevent(struct kobject *kobj, const char *buf, size_t count);

__printf(2, 3)
int add_uevent_var(struct kobj_uevent_env *env, const char *format, ...);

-int kobject_action_type(const char *buf, size_t count,
- enum kobject_action *type);
-
#endif /* _KOBJECT_H_ */
diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
index 4a3665f..d7eb41d 100644
--- a/kernel/module.c
+++ b/kernel/module.c
@@ -1202,10 +1202,7 @@ static ssize_t store_uevent(struct module_attribute *mattr,
struct module_kobject *mk,
const char *buffer, size_t count)
{
- enum kobject_action action;
-
- if (kobject_action_type(buffer, count, &action) == 0)
- kobject_uevent(&mk->kobj, action);
+ kobject_synth_uevent(&mk->kobj, buffer, count);
return count;
}

diff --git a/lib/kobject_uevent.c b/lib/kobject_uevent.c
index 9a2b811..719c155 100644
--- a/lib/kobject_uevent.c
+++ b/lib/kobject_uevent.c
@@ -23,6 +23,8 @@
#include <linux/socket.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/netlink.h>
+#include <linux/uuid.h>
+#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <net/sock.h>
#include <net/net_namespace.h>

@@ -52,19 +54,13 @@ static const char *kobject_actions[] = {
[KOBJ_OFFLINE] = "offline",
};

-/**
- * kobject_action_type - translate action string to numeric type
- *
- * @buf: buffer containing the action string, newline is ignored
- * @count: length of buffer
- * @type: pointer to the location to store the action type
- *
- * Returns 0 if the action string was recognized.
- */
-int kobject_action_type(const char *buf, size_t count,
- enum kobject_action *type)
+static int kobject_action_type(const char *buf, size_t count,
+ enum kobject_action *type,
+ const char **args)
{
enum kobject_action action;
+ size_t count_first;
+ const char *args_start;
int ret = -EINVAL;

if (count && (buf[count-1] == '\n' || buf[count-1] == '\0'))
@@ -73,11 +69,20 @@ int kobject_action_type(const char *buf, size_t count,
if (!count)
goto out;

+ args_start = strnchr(buf, count, ' ');
+ if (args_start) {
+ count_first = args_start - buf;
+ args_start = args_start + 1;
+ } else
+ count_first = count;
+
for (action = 0; action < ARRAY_SIZE(kobject_actions); action++) {
- if (strncmp(kobject_actions[action], buf, count) != 0)
+ if (strncmp(kobject_actions[action], buf, count_first) != 0)
continue;
- if (kobject_actions[action][count] != '\0')
+ if (kobject_actions[action][count_first] != '\0')
continue;
+ if (args)
+ *args = args_start;
*type = action;
ret = 0;
break;
@@ -86,6 +91,142 @@ int kobject_action_type(const char *buf, size_t count,
return ret;
}

+static const char *action_arg_word_end(const char *buf, const char *buf_end,
+ char delim)
+{
+ const char *next = buf;
+
+ while (next <= buf_end && *next != delim)
+ if (!isalnum(*next++))
+ return NULL;
+
+ if (next == buf)
+ return NULL;
+
+ return next;
+}
+
+static int kobject_action_args(const char *buf, size_t count,
+ struct kobj_uevent_env **ret_env)
+{
+ struct kobj_uevent_env *env = NULL;
+ const char *next, *buf_end, *key;
+ int key_len;
+ int r = -EINVAL;
+
+ if (count && (buf[count - 1] == '\n' || buf[count - 1] == '\0'))
+ count--;
+
+ if (!count)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ env = kzalloc(sizeof(*env), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!env)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ /* first arg is UUID */
+ if (count < UUID_STRING_LEN || !uuid_is_valid(buf) ||
+ add_uevent_var(env, "SYNTH_UUID=%.*s", UUID_STRING_LEN, buf))
+ goto out;
+
+ /*
+ * the rest are custom environment variables in KEY=VALUE
+ * format with ' ' delimiter between each KEY=VALUE pair
+ */
+ next = buf + UUID_STRING_LEN;
+ buf_end = buf + count - 1;
+
+ while (next <= buf_end) {
+ if (*next != ' ')
+ goto out;
+
+ /* skip the ' ', key must follow */
+ key = ++next;
+ if (key > buf_end)
+ goto out;
+
+ buf = next;
+ next = action_arg_word_end(buf, buf_end, '=');
+ if (!next || next > buf_end || *next != '=')
+ goto out;
+ key_len = next - buf;
+
+ /* skip the '=', value must follow */
+ if (++next > buf_end)
+ goto out;
+
+ buf = next;
+ next = action_arg_word_end(buf, buf_end, ' ');
+ if (!next)
+ goto out;
+
+ if (add_uevent_var(env, "SYNTH_ARG_%.*s=%.*s",
+ key_len, key, (int) (next - buf), buf))
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ r = 0;
+out:
+ if (r)
+ kfree(env);
+ else
+ *ret_env = env;
+ return r;
+}
+
+/**
+ * kobject_synth_uevent - send synthetic uevent with arguments
+ *
+ * @kobj: struct kobject for which synthetic uevent is to be generated
+ * @buf: buffer containing action type and action args, newline is ignored
+ * @count: length of buffer
+ *
+ * Returns 0 if kobject_synthetic_uevent() is completed with success or the
+ * corresponding error when it fails.
+ */
+int kobject_synth_uevent(struct kobject *kobj, const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+ char *no_uuid_envp[] = { "SYNTH_UUID=0", NULL };
+ enum kobject_action action;
+ const char *action_args;
+ struct kobj_uevent_env *env;
+ const char *msg = NULL, *devpath;
+ int r;
+
+ r = kobject_action_type(buf, count, &action, &action_args);
+ if (r) {
+ msg = "unknown uevent action string\n";
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (!action_args) {
+ r = kobject_uevent_env(kobj, action, no_uuid_envp);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ r = kobject_action_args(action_args,
+ count - (action_args - buf), &env);
+ if (r == -EINVAL) {
+ msg = "incorrect uevent action arguments\n";
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (r)
+ goto out;
+
+ r = kobject_uevent_env(kobj, action, env->envp);
+ kfree(env);
+out:
+ if (r) {
+ devpath = kobject_get_path(kobj, GFP_KERNEL);
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "synth uevent: %s: %s",
+ devpath ?: "unknown device",
+ msg ?: "failed to send uevent");
+ kfree(devpath);
+ }
+ return r;
+}
+
#ifdef CONFIG_NET
static int kobj_bcast_filter(struct sock *dsk, struct sk_buff *skb, void *data)
{
--
2.9.3
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