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SubjectRe: [PATCH] efi/libstub: Indicate clang the relocation mode for arm64
El Wed, May 10, 2017 at 09:05:28PM +0200 Ard Biesheuvel ha dit:

>
>
> > On 10 May 2017, at 20:38, Matthias Kaehlcke <mka@chromium.org> wrote:
> >
> > Hoi Ard,
> >
> > El Wed, May 10, 2017 at 08:51:44AM +0100 Ard Biesheuvel ha dit:
> >
> >> On 9 May 2017 at 22:49, Matthias Kaehlcke <mka@chromium.org> wrote:
> >>> El Tue, May 09, 2017 at 01:50:36PM -0700 Greg Hackmann ha dit:
> >>>
> >>>> On 05/09/2017 12:36 PM, Matthias Kaehlcke wrote:
> >>>>> From: Greg Hackmann <ghackmann@google.com>
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Without any extra guidance, clang will generate libstub with either
> >>>>> absolute or relative ELF relocations. Use the right combination of
> >>>>> -fpic and -fno-pic on different files to avoid this.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Signed-off-by: Greg Hackmann <ghackmann@google.com>
> >>>>> Signed-off-by: Bernhard Rosenkränzer <Bernhard.Rosenkranzer@linaro.org>
> >>>>> Signed-off-by: Matthias Kaehlcke <mka@chromium.org>
> >>>>> ---
> >>>>> drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile | 6 ++++++
> >>>>> 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+)
> >>>>>
> >>>>> diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
> >>>>> index f7425960f6a5..ccbaaf4d8650 100644
> >>>>> --- a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
> >>>>> +++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
> >>>>> @@ -11,6 +11,9 @@ cflags-$(CONFIG_X86) += -m$(BITS) -D__KERNEL__ -O2 \
> >>>>> -mno-mmx -mno-sse
> >>>>>
> >>>>> cflags-$(CONFIG_ARM64) := $(subst -pg,,$(KBUILD_CFLAGS))
> >>>>> +ifeq ($(cc-name),clang)
> >>>>> +cflags-$(CONFIG_ARM64) += -fpic
> >>>>> +endif
> >>>>> cflags-$(CONFIG_ARM) := $(subst -pg,,$(KBUILD_CFLAGS)) \
> >>>>> -fno-builtin -fpic -mno-single-pic-base
> >>>>>
> >>>>> @@ -38,6 +41,9 @@ $(obj)/lib-%.o: $(srctree)/lib/%.c FORCE
> >>>>>
> >>>>> lib-$(CONFIG_EFI_ARMSTUB) += arm-stub.o fdt.o string.o random.o \
> >>>>> $(patsubst %.c,lib-%.o,$(arm-deps))
> >>>>> +ifeq ($(cc-name),clang)
> >>>>> +CFLAGS_arm64-stub.o += -fno-pic
> >>>>> +endif
> >>>>>
> >>>>> lib-$(CONFIG_ARM) += arm32-stub.o
> >>>>> lib-$(CONFIG_ARM64) += arm64-stub.o
> >>>>>
> >>>>
> >>>> NAK.
> >>>>
> >>>> This patch was labeled "HACK:" in our experimental tree. There's no
> >>>> rhyme or reason to why this combination of -f[no-]pic flags
> >>>> generates code without problematic relocations. It's inherently
> >>>> fragile, and was only intended as a temporary workaround until I (or
> >>>> someone more familiar with EFI) got a chance to revisit the problem.
> >>>>
> >>>> Unless the gcc CFLAGS are also an artifact of "mess with -f[no-]pic
> >>>> until the compiler generates what you want", this doesn't belong
> >>>> upstream.
> >>>
> >>> Sorry, I didn't realize it is that bad of a hack. Unfortunately I'm
> >>> not very familiar with EFI either.
> >>>
> >>> I saw Ard did some work in this code related with relocation, maybe he
> >>> can provide a pointer towards a better solution.
> >>>
> >>
> >> This is a known issue. The problem is that generic AArch64 small model
> >> code is mostly position independent already, due to its use of
> >> adrp/add pairs to generate symbol references with a +/- 4 GB range.
> >> Building the same code with -fpic will result in GOT entries to be
> >> generated, which carry absolute addresses, so this achieves the exact
> >> opposite of what we want.
> >>
> >> The reason for the GOT entries is that GCC (and Clang, apparently)
> >> infer from the -fpic flag that you are building objects that will be
> >> linked into a shared library, to which ELF symbol preemption rules
> >> apply that stipulate that a symbol in the main executable supersedes a
> >> symbol under the same name in the shared library, and that the shared
> >> library should update all its internal references to the main
> >> executable's version of the symbol. The easiest way (but certainly not
> >> the only way) to achieve that is to indirect all internal symbol
> >> references via GOT entries, which can be made to refer to another
> >> symbol by updating a single value.
> >>
> >> The workaround I used is to use hidden visibility, using a #pragma.
> >> (There is a -fvisibility=hidden command line option as well, but this
> >> is a weaker form that does not apply to extern declarations, only to
> >> definitions). So if you add
> >>
> >> #pragma GCC visibility push(hidden)
> >>
> >> at the beginning of arm64-stub.c (and perhaps to one or two other
> >> files that contain externally visible symbol declarations these days),
> >> you should be able to compile the entire EFI stub with -fpic. Note
> >> that making those externally visible symbols 'static' where possible
> >> would solve the problem as well, but this triggers another issue in
> >> the 32-bit ARM stub.
> >>
> >> In my opinion, the correct fix would be to make -fpie (as opposed to
> >> -fpic) imply hidden visibility, given that PIE executables don't
> >> export symbols in the first place, and so the preemption rules do not
> >> apply. It is worth a try whether -fpie works as expected in this case
> >> on Clang, but the last time I tried it on GCC, it behaved exactly like
> >> -fpic.
> >
> > Thanks a lot for the detailed description and your suggestions!
> >
> > A clang build with -fpie for the EFI stub succeeds without complaints
> > about GOT entries. I will send out an updated patch (with -fpie only
> > for clang) later.
> >
>
> Good! I never liked the visibility hack, which is why I never upstreamed it.
>
> Could you please check how recent GCC behaves?

I tried GCC v4.9.4 and v6.3.1, both build the EFI stub with -fpie
without errors.

Are you suggesting to use -fpie for both clang and GCC? Do you know
what the minimum required GCC version is for building an arm64 kernel?

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