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Subject[PATCH] powerpc/modules: If mprofile-kernel is enabled add it to vermagic
On powerpc we can build the kernel with two different ABIs for mcount(), which
is used by ftrace. Kernels built with one ABI do not know how to load modules
built with the other ABI. The new style ABI is called "mprofile-kernel", for
want of a better name.

Currently if we build a module using the old style ABI, and the kernel with
mprofile-kernel, when we load the module we'll oops something like:

# insmod autofs4-no-mprofile-kernel.ko
ftrace-powerpc: Unexpected instruction f8810028 around bl _mcount
------------[ cut here ]------------
WARNING: CPU: 6 PID: 3759 at ../kernel/trace/ftrace.c:2024 ftrace_bug+0x2b8/0x3c0
CPU: 6 PID: 3759 Comm: insmod Not tainted 4.11.0-rc3-gcc-5.4.1-00017-g5a61ef74f269 #11
NIP [c0000000001eaa48] ftrace_bug+0x2b8/0x3c0
LR [c0000000001eaff8] ftrace_process_locs+0x4a8/0x590
Call Trace:
alloc_pages_current+0xc4/0x1d0 (unreliable)
ftrace failed to modify
[<d000000002a31024>] 0xd000000002a31024
actual: 35:65:00:48

We can avoid this by including in the vermagic whether the kernel/module was
built with mprofile-kernel. Which results in:

# insmod autofs4-pg.ko
autofs4: version magic
'4.11.0-rc3-gcc-5.4.1-00017-g5a61ef74f269 SMP mod_unload modversions '
should be
'4.11.0-rc3-gcc-5.4.1-00017-g5a61ef74f269-dirty SMP mod_unload modversions mprofile-kernel'
insmod: ERROR: could not insert module autofs4-pg.ko: Invalid module format

Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <>
arch/powerpc/include/asm/module.h | 4 ++++
1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/module.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/module.h
index 53885512b8d3..6c0132c7212f 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/module.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/module.h
@@ -14,6 +14,10 @@
#include <asm-generic/module.h>

+#define MODULE_ARCH_VERMAGIC "mprofile-kernel"
#ifndef __powerpc64__
* Thanks to Paul M for explaining this.
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