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SubjectRe: [PATCH 7/7] DWARF: add the config option
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On 05/09/2017, 12:00 PM, hpa@zytor.com wrote:
> As far as I understand, the .eh_frame section is supposed to contain the subset of the DWARF bytecode needed to do a stack unwind when an exception is thrown, whereas the .debug* sections contain the full DWARF data a debugger might want. Thus .eh_frame is mapped into the runtime process while .debug* [usually?] is not. .debug* can easily be 10x larger than the executable text segments.

As it currently stands, the (same) data is generated either to
.eh_frame, or to .debug_frame. Depending if DWARF_UNWINDER is turned on,
or off, respectively. vdso has the same data in both, always.

> Assembly language routines become problematic no matter what you do unless you restrict the way the assembly can be written. Experience has shown us that hand-maintaining annotations in assembly code is doomed to failure, and in many cases it isn't even clear to even experienced programmers how to do it.

Sure, manual annotations of assembly will be avoided as much as
possible. We have to rely objtool to generate them in most cases.

> [H.J.: is the .cfi_* operations set even documented anywhere in a way that non-compiler-writers can comprehend it?]

Until now, I always looked into as manual:
$ pinfo --node='CFI directives' as

> I'm, ahem, highly skeptical to creating our own unwinding data format unless there is *documented, supported, and tested* way to force the compiler to *automatically* fall back to frame pointers any time there may be complexity involved,

I second this. Inventing a new format like this mostly ends up with
using the standard one after several iterations. One cannot think of all
the consequences and needs while proposing a new one.

The memory footprint is ~2M for average vmlinux. And people who need to
access:
* either need it frequently -- those do not need performance (LOCKDEP,
KASAN, or other debug builds)
* or are in the middle of WARNING, BUG, crash, panic or such and this is
not that often...

And we would need *both*. The limited proprietary one in some sort of
.kernel_eh_frame, and DWARF cfis in .debug_frame for tools like crash,
gdb and so on.

And yes, the DWARF unwinder falls back to FP if they are available (see
function dw_fp_fallback).

thanks,
--
js
suse labs

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