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SubjectRe: [HMM 14/16] mm/hmm/devmem: device memory hotplug using ZONE_DEVICE
On Thu, Apr 06, 2017 at 10:02:55PM -0400, Jerome Glisse wrote:
> On Fri, Apr 07, 2017 at 11:37:34AM +1000, Balbir Singh wrote:
> > On Wed, 2017-04-05 at 16:40 -0400, Jérôme Glisse wrote:
> > > This introduce a simple struct and associated helpers for device driver
> > > to use when hotpluging un-addressable device memory as ZONE_DEVICE. It
> > > will find a unuse physical address range and trigger memory hotplug for
> > > it which allocates and initialize struct page for the device memory.
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
> > > Signed-off-by: Evgeny Baskakov <ebaskakov@nvidia.com>
> > > Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
> > > Signed-off-by: Mark Hairgrove <mhairgrove@nvidia.com>
> > > Signed-off-by: Sherry Cheung <SCheung@nvidia.com>
> > > Signed-off-by: Subhash Gutti <sgutti@nvidia.com>
> > > ---
> > > include/linux/hmm.h | 114 +++++++++++++++
> > > mm/Kconfig | 9 ++
> > > mm/hmm.c | 398 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > 3 files changed, 521 insertions(+)
> > >
> > > +/*
> > > + * To add (hotplug) device memory, HMM assumes that there is no real resource
> > > + * that reserves a range in the physical address space (this is intended to be
> > > + * use by unaddressable device memory). It will reserve a physical range big
> > > + * enough and allocate struct page for it.
> >
> > I've found that the implementation of this is quite non-portable, in that
> > starting from iomem_resource.end+1-size (which is effectively -size) on
> > my platform (powerpc) does not give expected results. It could be that
> > additional changes are needed to arch_add_memory() to support this
> > use case.
>
> The CDM version does not use that part, that being said isn't -size a valid
> value we care only about unsigned here ? What is the end value on powerpc ?
> In any case this sounds more like a unsigned/signed arithmetic issue, i will
> look into it.
>
> >
> > > +
> > > + size = ALIGN(size, SECTION_SIZE);
> > > + addr = (iomem_resource.end + 1ULL) - size;
> >
> >
> > Why don't we allocate_resource() with the right constraints and get a new
> > unused region?
>
> The issue with allocate_resource() is that it does scan the resource tree
> from lower address to higher ones. I was told that it was less likely to
> have hotplug issue conflict if i pick highest physicall address for the
> device memory hence why i do my own scan from the end toward the start.
>
> Again all this function does not apply to PPC, it can be hidden behind
> x86 config if you prefer it.

Ok so i have look into it and there is no arithmetic bug in my code the
issue is simpler than that. It seems only x86 clamp iomem_resource.end to
MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS so using allocate_resource() would just hide the issue.

It is fine not to clamp if you know that you won't get resource with
funky physical address but in case of UNADDRESSABLE i do not get any
physical address so i have to pick one and i want to pick one that is
unlikely to cause trouble latter on with someone hotpluging memory.

If we care about the UNADDRESSABLE case on powerpc i see 2 way to fix
this. Clamp iomem_resource.end to MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS or restrict my scan
in hmm to MIN(iomem_resource.end, 1UL << MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS) the latter
is probably safer and more bullet proof in respect to other arch getting
interested in this.

Cheers,
Jérôme

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