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Subject[HMM 14/16] mm/hmm/devmem: device memory hotplug using ZONE_DEVICE
Date
This introduce a simple struct and associated helpers for device driver
to use when hotpluging un-addressable device memory as ZONE_DEVICE. It
will find a unuse physical address range and trigger memory hotplug for
it which allocates and initialize struct page for the device memory.

Signed-off-by: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Evgeny Baskakov <ebaskakov@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Mark Hairgrove <mhairgrove@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Sherry Cheung <SCheung@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Subhash Gutti <sgutti@nvidia.com>
---
include/linux/hmm.h | 114 +++++++++++++++
mm/Kconfig | 9 ++
mm/hmm.c | 398 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 521 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/hmm.h b/include/linux/hmm.h
index d267989..50a1115 100644
--- a/include/linux/hmm.h
+++ b/include/linux/hmm.h
@@ -72,6 +72,11 @@

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HMM)

+#include <linux/migrate.h>
+#include <linux/memremap.h>
+#include <linux/completion.h>
+
+
struct hmm;

/*
@@ -322,6 +327,115 @@ int hmm_vma_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
#endif /* IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HMM_MIRROR) */


+#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HMM_DEVMEM)
+struct hmm_devmem;
+
+struct page *hmm_vma_alloc_locked_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long addr);
+
+/*
+ * struct hmm_devmem_ops - callback for ZONE_DEVICE memory events
+ *
+ * @free: call when refcount on page reach 1 and thus is no longer use
+ * @fault: call when there is a page fault to unaddressable memory
+ */
+struct hmm_devmem_ops {
+ void (*free)(struct hmm_devmem *devmem, struct page *page);
+ int (*fault)(struct hmm_devmem *devmem,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long addr,
+ struct page *page,
+ unsigned int flags,
+ pmd_t *pmdp);
+};
+
+/*
+ * struct hmm_devmem - track device memory
+ *
+ * @completion: completion object for device memory
+ * @pfn_first: first pfn for this resource (set by hmm_devmem_add())
+ * @pfn_last: last pfn for this resource (set by hmm_devmem_add())
+ * @resource: IO resource reserved for this chunk of memory
+ * @pagemap: device page map for that chunk
+ * @device: device to bind resource to
+ * @ops: memory operations callback
+ * @ref: per CPU refcount
+ *
+ * This an helper structure for device drivers that do not wish to implement
+ * the gory details related to hotplugging new memoy and allocating struct
+ * pages.
+ *
+ * Device drivers can directly use ZONE_DEVICE memory on their own if they
+ * wish to do so.
+ */
+struct hmm_devmem {
+ struct completion completion;
+ unsigned long pfn_first;
+ unsigned long pfn_last;
+ struct resource *resource;
+ struct device *device;
+ struct dev_pagemap pagemap;
+ const struct hmm_devmem_ops *ops;
+ struct percpu_ref ref;
+};
+
+/*
+ * To add (hotplug) device memory, HMM assumes that there is no real resource
+ * that reserves a range in the physical address space (this is intended to be
+ * use by unaddressable device memory). It will reserve a physical range big
+ * enough and allocate struct page for it.
+ *
+ * The device driver can wrap the hmm_devmem struct inside a private device
+ * driver struct. The device driver must call hmm_devmem_remove() before the
+ * device goes away and before freeing the hmm_devmem struct memory.
+ */
+struct hmm_devmem *hmm_devmem_add(const struct hmm_devmem_ops *ops,
+ struct device *device,
+ unsigned long size);
+void hmm_devmem_remove(struct hmm_devmem *devmem);
+
+int hmm_devmem_fault_range(struct hmm_devmem *devmem,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ const struct migrate_vma_ops *ops,
+ unsigned long *src,
+ unsigned long *dst,
+ unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long addr,
+ unsigned long end,
+ void *private);
+
+/*
+ * hmm_devmem_page_set_drvdata - set per-page driver data field
+ *
+ * @page: pointer to struct page
+ * @data: driver data value to set
+ *
+ * Because page can not be on lru we have an unsigned long that driver can use
+ * to store a per page field. This just a simple helper to do that.
+ */
+static inline void hmm_devmem_page_set_drvdata(struct page *page,
+ unsigned long data)
+{
+ unsigned long *drvdata = (unsigned long *)&page->pgmap;
+
+ drvdata[1] = data;
+}
+
+/*
+ * hmm_devmem_page_get_drvdata - get per page driver data field
+ *
+ * @page: pointer to struct page
+ * Return: driver data value
+ */
+static inline unsigned long hmm_devmem_page_get_drvdata(struct page *page)
+{
+ unsigned long *drvdata = (unsigned long *)&page->pgmap;
+
+ return drvdata[1];
+}
+#endif /* IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HMM_DEVMEM) */
+
+
/* Below are for HMM internal use only! Not to be used by device driver! */
void hmm_mm_destroy(struct mm_struct *mm);

diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
index 134e300..96dcf61 100644
--- a/mm/Kconfig
+++ b/mm/Kconfig
@@ -315,6 +315,15 @@ config HMM_MIRROR
page tables (at PAGE_SIZE granularity), and must be able to recover from
the resulting potential page faults.

+config HMM_DEVMEM
+ bool "HMM device memory helpers (to leverage ZONE_DEVICE)"
+ depends on MMU && 64BIT
+ select HMM
+ help
+ HMM devmem is a set of helper routines to leverage the ZONE_DEVICE
+ feature. This is just to avoid having device drivers to replicating a lot
+ of boiler plate code.
+
config PHYS_ADDR_T_64BIT
def_bool 64BIT || ARCH_PHYS_ADDR_T_64BIT

diff --git a/mm/hmm.c b/mm/hmm.c
index be88807..ec3eb49 100644
--- a/mm/hmm.c
+++ b/mm/hmm.c
@@ -23,10 +23,15 @@
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/mmzone.h>
+#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/swapops.h>
#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
+#include <linux/memremap.h>
#include <linux/mmu_notifier.h>

+#define SECTION_SIZE (1UL << PA_SECTION_SHIFT)
+
static const struct mmu_notifier_ops hmm_mmu_notifier_ops;


@@ -709,3 +714,396 @@ int hmm_vma_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(hmm_vma_fault);
#endif /* IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HMM_MIRROR) */
+
+
+#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HMM_DEVMEM)
+struct page *hmm_vma_alloc_locked_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long addr)
+{
+ struct page *page;
+
+ page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER, vma, addr);
+ if (!page)
+ return NULL;
+ lock_page(page);
+ return page;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(hmm_vma_alloc_locked_page);
+
+
+static void hmm_devmem_ref_release(struct percpu_ref *ref)
+{
+ struct hmm_devmem *devmem;
+
+ devmem = container_of(ref, struct hmm_devmem, ref);
+ complete(&devmem->completion);
+}
+
+static void hmm_devmem_ref_exit(void *data)
+{
+ struct percpu_ref *ref = data;
+ struct hmm_devmem *devmem;
+
+ devmem = container_of(ref, struct hmm_devmem, ref);
+ percpu_ref_exit(ref);
+ devm_remove_action(devmem->device, &hmm_devmem_ref_exit, data);
+}
+
+static void hmm_devmem_ref_kill(void *data)
+{
+ struct percpu_ref *ref = data;
+ struct hmm_devmem *devmem;
+
+ devmem = container_of(ref, struct hmm_devmem, ref);
+ percpu_ref_kill(ref);
+ wait_for_completion(&devmem->completion);
+ devm_remove_action(devmem->device, &hmm_devmem_ref_kill, data);
+}
+
+static int hmm_devmem_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long addr,
+ struct page *page,
+ unsigned int flags,
+ pmd_t *pmdp)
+{
+ struct hmm_devmem *devmem = page->pgmap->data;
+
+ return devmem->ops->fault(devmem, vma, addr, page, flags, pmdp);
+}
+
+static void hmm_devmem_free(struct page *page, void *data)
+{
+ struct hmm_devmem *devmem = data;
+
+ devmem->ops->free(devmem, page);
+}
+
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(hmm_devmem_lock);
+static RADIX_TREE(hmm_devmem_radix, GFP_KERNEL);
+#define SECTION_SIZE (1UL << PA_SECTION_SHIFT)
+
+static void hmm_devmem_radix_release(struct resource *resource)
+{
+ resource_size_t key, align_start, align_size, align_end;
+
+ align_start = resource->start & ~(SECTION_SIZE - 1);
+ align_size = ALIGN(resource_size(resource), SECTION_SIZE);
+ align_end = align_start + align_size - 1;
+
+ mutex_lock(&hmm_devmem_lock);
+ for (key = resource->start; key <= resource->end; key += SECTION_SIZE)
+ radix_tree_delete(&hmm_devmem_radix, key >> PA_SECTION_SHIFT);
+ mutex_unlock(&hmm_devmem_lock);
+}
+
+static void hmm_devmem_release(struct device *dev, void *data)
+{
+ struct hmm_devmem *devmem = data;
+ resource_size_t align_start, align_size;
+ struct resource *resource = devmem->resource;
+
+ if (percpu_ref_tryget_live(&devmem->ref)) {
+ dev_WARN(dev, "%s: page mapping is still live!\n", __func__);
+ percpu_ref_put(&devmem->ref);
+ }
+
+ /* pages are dead and unused, undo the arch mapping */
+ align_start = resource->start & ~(SECTION_SIZE - 1);
+ align_size = ALIGN(resource_size(resource), SECTION_SIZE);
+
+ mem_hotplug_begin();
+ arch_remove_memory(align_start, align_size, devmem->pagemap.type);
+ mem_hotplug_done();
+
+ untrack_pfn(NULL, PHYS_PFN(align_start), align_size);
+ hmm_devmem_radix_release(resource);
+}
+
+static struct hmm_devmem *hmm_devmem_find(resource_size_t phys)
+{
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held());
+
+ return radix_tree_lookup(&hmm_devmem_radix, phys >> PA_SECTION_SHIFT);
+}
+
+static int hmm_devmem_pages_create(struct hmm_devmem *devmem)
+{
+ resource_size_t key, align_start, align_size, align_end;
+ struct device *device = devmem->device;
+ pgprot_t pgprot = PAGE_KERNEL;
+ int ret, nid, is_ram;
+ unsigned long pfn;
+
+ align_start = devmem->resource->start & ~(SECTION_SIZE - 1);
+ align_size = ALIGN(devmem->resource->start +
+ resource_size(devmem->resource),
+ SECTION_SIZE) - align_start;
+
+ is_ram = region_intersects(align_start, align_size,
+ IORESOURCE_SYSTEM_RAM,
+ IORES_DESC_NONE);
+ if (is_ram == REGION_MIXED) {
+ WARN_ONCE(1, "%s attempted on mixed region %pr\n",
+ __func__, devmem->resource);
+ return -ENXIO;
+ }
+ if (is_ram == REGION_INTERSECTS)
+ return -ENXIO;
+
+ devmem->pagemap.type = MEMORY_DEVICE_UNADDRESSABLE;
+ devmem->pagemap.res = devmem->resource;
+ devmem->pagemap.page_fault = hmm_devmem_fault;
+ devmem->pagemap.page_free = hmm_devmem_free;
+ devmem->pagemap.dev = devmem->device;
+ devmem->pagemap.ref = &devmem->ref;
+ devmem->pagemap.data = devmem;
+
+ mutex_lock(&hmm_devmem_lock);
+ align_end = align_start + align_size - 1;
+ for (key = align_start; key <= align_end; key += SECTION_SIZE) {
+ struct hmm_devmem *dup;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ dup = hmm_devmem_find(key);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ if (dup) {
+ dev_err(device, "%s: collides with mapping for %s\n",
+ __func__, dev_name(dup->device));
+ mutex_unlock(&hmm_devmem_lock);
+ ret = -EBUSY;
+ goto error;
+ }
+ ret = radix_tree_insert(&hmm_devmem_radix,
+ key >> PA_SECTION_SHIFT,
+ devmem);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(device, "%s: failed: %d\n", __func__, ret);
+ mutex_unlock(&hmm_devmem_lock);
+ goto error_radix;
+ }
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&hmm_devmem_lock);
+
+ nid = dev_to_node(device);
+ if (nid < 0)
+ nid = numa_mem_id();
+
+ ret = track_pfn_remap(NULL, &pgprot, PHYS_PFN(align_start),
+ 0, align_size);
+ if (ret)
+ goto error_radix;
+
+ mem_hotplug_begin();
+ ret = arch_add_memory(nid, align_start, align_size,
+ devmem->pagemap.type);
+ mem_hotplug_done();
+ if (!ret)
+ goto error_add_memory;
+
+ for (pfn = devmem->pfn_first; pfn < devmem->pfn_last; pfn++) {
+ struct page *page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
+
+ /*
+ * ZONE_DEVICE pages union ->lru with a ->pgmap back
+ * pointer. It is a bug if a ZONE_DEVICE page is ever
+ * freed or placed on a driver-private list. Therefore,
+ * seed the storage with LIST_POISON* values.
+ */
+ list_del(&page->lru);
+ page->pgmap = &devmem->pagemap;
+ }
+ return 0;
+
+error_add_memory:
+ untrack_pfn(NULL, PHYS_PFN(align_start), align_size);
+error_radix:
+ hmm_devmem_radix_release(devmem->resource);
+error:
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int hmm_devmem_match(struct device *dev, void *data, void *match_data)
+{
+ struct hmm_devmem *devmem = data;
+
+ return devmem->resource == match_data;
+}
+
+static void hmm_devmem_pages_remove(struct hmm_devmem *devmem)
+{
+ devres_release(devmem->device, &hmm_devmem_release,
+ &hmm_devmem_match, devmem->resource);
+}
+
+/*
+ * hmm_devmem_add() - hotplug ZONE_DEVICE memory for device memory
+ *
+ * @ops: memory event device driver callback (see struct hmm_devmem_ops)
+ * @device: device struct to bind the resource too
+ * @size: size in bytes of the device memory to add
+ * Returns: pointer to new hmm_devmem struct ERR_PTR otherwise
+ *
+ * This first finds an empty range of physical address big enough to contain the
+ * new resource, and then hotplugs it as ZONE_DEVICE memory, which in turn
+ * allocates struct pages. It does not do anything beyond that; all events
+ * affecting the memory will go through the various callbacks provided by
+ * hmm_devmem_ops struct.
+ */
+struct hmm_devmem *hmm_devmem_add(const struct hmm_devmem_ops *ops,
+ struct device *device,
+ unsigned long size)
+{
+ struct hmm_devmem *devmem;
+ resource_size_t addr;
+ int ret;
+
+ devmem = devres_alloc_node(&hmm_devmem_release, sizeof(*devmem),
+ GFP_KERNEL, dev_to_node(device));
+ if (!devmem)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ init_completion(&devmem->completion);
+ devmem->pfn_first = -1UL;
+ devmem->pfn_last = -1UL;
+ devmem->resource = NULL;
+ devmem->device = device;
+ devmem->ops = ops;
+
+ ret = percpu_ref_init(&devmem->ref, &hmm_devmem_ref_release,
+ 0, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (ret)
+ goto error_percpu_ref;
+
+ ret = devm_add_action(device, hmm_devmem_ref_exit, &devmem->ref);
+ if (ret)
+ goto error_devm_add_action;
+
+ size = ALIGN(size, SECTION_SIZE);
+ addr = (iomem_resource.end + 1ULL) - size;
+
+ /*
+ * FIXME add a new helper to quickly walk resource tree and find free
+ * range
+ *
+ * FIXME what about ioport_resource resource ?
+ */
+ for (; addr > size && addr >= iomem_resource.start; addr -= size) {
+ ret = region_intersects(addr, size, 0, IORES_DESC_NONE);
+ if (ret != REGION_DISJOINT)
+ continue;
+
+ devmem->resource = devm_request_mem_region(device, addr, size,
+ dev_name(device));
+ if (!devmem->resource) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto error_no_resource;
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ if (!devmem->resource) {
+ ret = -ERANGE;
+ goto error_no_resource;
+ }
+
+ devmem->resource->desc = IORES_DESC_DEVICE_MEMORY_UNADDRESSABLE;
+ devmem->pfn_first = devmem->resource->start >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ devmem->pfn_last = devmem->pfn_first +
+ (resource_size(devmem->resource) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+
+ ret = hmm_devmem_pages_create(devmem);
+ if (ret)
+ goto error_pages;
+
+ devres_add(device, devmem);
+
+ ret = devm_add_action(device, hmm_devmem_ref_kill, &devmem->ref);
+ if (ret) {
+ hmm_devmem_remove(devmem);
+ return ERR_PTR(ret);
+ }
+
+ return devmem;
+
+error_pages:
+ devm_release_mem_region(device, devmem->resource->start,
+ resource_size(devmem->resource));
+error_no_resource:
+error_devm_add_action:
+ hmm_devmem_ref_kill(&devmem->ref);
+ hmm_devmem_ref_exit(&devmem->ref);
+error_percpu_ref:
+ devres_free(devmem);
+ return ERR_PTR(ret);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(hmm_devmem_add);
+
+/*
+ * hmm_devmem_remove() - remove device memory (kill and free ZONE_DEVICE)
+ *
+ * @devmem: hmm_devmem struct use to track and manage the ZONE_DEVICE memory
+ *
+ * This will hot-unplug memory that was hotplugged by hmm_devmem_add on behalf
+ * of the device driver. It will free struct page and remove the resource that
+ * reserved the physical address range for this device memory.
+ */
+void hmm_devmem_remove(struct hmm_devmem *devmem)
+{
+ resource_size_t start, size;
+ struct device *device;
+
+ if (!devmem)
+ return;
+
+ device = devmem->device;
+ start = devmem->resource->start;
+ size = resource_size(devmem->resource);
+
+ hmm_devmem_ref_kill(&devmem->ref);
+ hmm_devmem_ref_exit(&devmem->ref);
+ hmm_devmem_pages_remove(devmem);
+
+ devm_release_mem_region(device, start, size);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(hmm_devmem_remove);
+
+/*
+ * hmm_devmem_fault_range() - migrate back a virtual range of memory
+ *
+ * @devmem: hmm_devmem struct use to track and manage the ZONE_DEVICE memory
+ * @vma: virtual memory area containing the range to be migrated
+ * @ops: migration callback for allocating destination memory and copying
+ * @src: array of unsigned long containing source pfns
+ * @dst: array of unsigned long containing destination pfns
+ * @start: start address of the range to migrate (inclusive)
+ * @addr: fault address (must be inside the range)
+ * @end: end address of the range to migrate (exclusive)
+ * @private: pointer passed back to each of the callback
+ * Returns: 0 on success, VM_FAULT_SIGBUS on error
+ *
+ * This is a wrapper around migrate_vma() which checks the migration status
+ * for a given fault address and returns the corresponding page fault handler
+ * status. That will be 0 on success, or VM_FAULT_SIGBUS if migration failed
+ * for the faulting address.
+ *
+ * This is a helper intendend to be used by the ZONE_DEVICE fault handler.
+ */
+int hmm_devmem_fault_range(struct hmm_devmem *devmem,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ const struct migrate_vma_ops *ops,
+ unsigned long *src,
+ unsigned long *dst,
+ unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long addr,
+ unsigned long end,
+ void *private)
+{
+ if (migrate_vma(ops, vma, start, end, src, dst, private))
+ return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
+
+ if (dst[(addr - start) >> PAGE_SHIFT] & MIGRATE_PFN_ERROR)
+ return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(hmm_devmem_fault_range);
+#endif /* IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HMM_DEVMEM) */
--
2.9.3
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