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Subject[HMM 08/16] mm/hmm: heterogeneous memory management (HMM for short)
Date
HMM provides 3 separate types of functionality:
- Mirroring: synchronize CPU page table and device page table
- Device memory: allocating struct page for device memory
- Migration: migrating regular memory to device memory

This patch introduces some common helpers and definitions to all of
those 3 functionality.

Signed-off-by: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Evgeny Baskakov <ebaskakov@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Mark Hairgrove <mhairgrove@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Sherry Cheung <SCheung@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Subhash Gutti <sgutti@nvidia.com>
---
MAINTAINERS | 7 +++
include/linux/hmm.h | 146 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/mm_types.h | 5 ++
kernel/fork.c | 2 +
mm/Kconfig | 14 +++++
mm/Makefile | 1 +
mm/hmm.c | 71 +++++++++++++++++++++++
7 files changed, 246 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 include/linux/hmm.h
create mode 100644 mm/hmm.c

diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index 01394b0..4d2bddc 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -5891,6 +5891,13 @@ S: Supported
F: drivers/scsi/hisi_sas/
F: Documentation/devicetree/bindings/scsi/hisilicon-sas.txt

+HMM - Heterogeneous Memory Management
+M: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
+L: linux-mm@kvack.org
+S: Maintained
+F: mm/hmm*
+F: include/linux/hmm*
+
HOST AP DRIVER
M: Jouni Malinen <j@w1.fi>
L: linux-wireless@vger.kernel.org
diff --git a/include/linux/hmm.h b/include/linux/hmm.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..93b363d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/hmm.h
@@ -0,0 +1,146 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright 2013 Red Hat Inc.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * Authors: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
+ */
+/*
+ * Heterogeneous Memory Management (HMM)
+ *
+ * See Documentation/vm/hmm.txt for reasons and overview of what HMM is and it
+ * is for. Here we focus on the HMM API description, with some explanation of
+ * the underlying implementation.
+ *
+ * Short description: HMM provides a set of helpers to share a virtual address
+ * space between CPU and a device, so that the device can access any valid
+ * address of the process (while still obeying memory protection). HMM also
+ * provides helpers to migrate process memory to device memory, and back. Each
+ * set of functionality (address space mirroring, and migration to and from
+ * device memory) can be used independently of the other.
+ *
+ *
+ * HMM address space mirroring API:
+ *
+ * Use HMM address space mirroring if you want to mirror range of the CPU page
+ * table of a process into a device page table. Here, "mirror" means "keep
+ * synchronized". Prerequisites: the device must provide the ability to write-
+ * protect its page tables (at PAGE_SIZE granularity), and must be able to
+ * recover from the resulting potential page faults.
+ *
+ * HMM guarantees that at any point in time, a given virtual address points to
+ * either the same memory in both CPU and device page tables (that is: CPU and
+ * device page tables each point to the same pages), or that one page table (CPU
+ * or device) points to no entry, while the other still points to the old page
+ * for the address. The latter case happens when the CPU page table update
+ * happens first, and then the update is mirrored over to the device page table.
+ * This does not cause any issue, because the CPU page table cannot start
+ * pointing to a new page until the device page table is invalidated.
+ *
+ * HMM uses mmu_notifiers to monitor the CPU page tables, and forwards any
+ * updates to each device driver that has registered a mirror. It also provides
+ * some API calls to help with taking a snapshot of the CPU page table, and to
+ * synchronize with any updates that might happen concurrently.
+ *
+ *
+ * HMM migration to and from device memory:
+ *
+ * HMM provides a set of helpers to hotplug device memory as ZONE_DEVICE, with
+ * a new MEMORY_DEVICE_UNADDRESSABLE type. This provides a struct page for
+ * each page of the device memory, and allows the device driver to manage its
+ * memory using those struct pages. Having struct pages for device memory makes
+ * migration easier. Because that memory is not addressable by the CPU it must
+ * never be pinned to the device; in other words, any CPU page fault can always
+ * cause the device memory to be migrated (copied/moved) back to regular memory.
+ *
+ * A new migrate helper (migrate_vma()) has been added (see mm/migrate.c) that
+ * allows use of a device DMA engine to perform the copy operation between
+ * regular system memory and device memory.
+ */
+#ifndef LINUX_HMM_H
+#define LINUX_HMM_H
+
+#include <linux/kconfig.h>
+
+#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HMM)
+
+
+/*
+ * hmm_pfn_t - HMM uses its own pfn type to keep several flags per page
+ *
+ * Flags:
+ * HMM_PFN_VALID: pfn is valid
+ * HMM_PFN_WRITE: CPU page table has write permission set
+ */
+typedef unsigned long hmm_pfn_t;
+
+#define HMM_PFN_VALID (1 << 0)
+#define HMM_PFN_WRITE (1 << 1)
+#define HMM_PFN_SHIFT 2
+
+/*
+ * hmm_pfn_t_to_page() - return struct page pointed to by a valid hmm_pfn_t
+ * @pfn: hmm_pfn_t to convert to struct page
+ * Returns: struct page pointer if pfn is a valid hmm_pfn_t, NULL otherwise
+ *
+ * If the hmm_pfn_t is valid (ie valid flag set) then return the struct page
+ * matching the pfn value stored in the hmm_pfn_t. Otherwise return NULL.
+ */
+static inline struct page *hmm_pfn_t_to_page(hmm_pfn_t pfn)
+{
+ if (!(pfn & HMM_PFN_VALID))
+ return NULL;
+ return pfn_to_page(pfn >> HMM_PFN_SHIFT);
+}
+
+/*
+ * hmm_pfn_t_to_pfn() - return pfn value store in a hmm_pfn_t
+ * @pfn: hmm_pfn_t to extract pfn from
+ * Returns: pfn value if hmm_pfn_t is valid, -1UL otherwise
+ */
+static inline unsigned long hmm_pfn_t_to_pfn(hmm_pfn_t pfn)
+{
+ if (!(pfn & HMM_PFN_VALID))
+ return -1UL;
+ return (pfn >> HMM_PFN_SHIFT);
+}
+
+/*
+ * hmm_pfn_t_from_page() - create a valid hmm_pfn_t value from struct page
+ * @page: struct page pointer for which to create the hmm_pfn_t
+ * Returns: valid hmm_pfn_t for the page
+ */
+static inline hmm_pfn_t hmm_pfn_t_from_page(struct page *page)
+{
+ return (page_to_pfn(page) << HMM_PFN_SHIFT) | HMM_PFN_VALID;
+}
+
+/*
+ * hmm_pfn_t_from_pfn() - create a valid hmm_pfn_t value from pfn
+ * @pfn: pfn value for which to create the hmm_pfn_t
+ * Returns: valid hmm_pfn_t for the pfn
+ */
+static inline hmm_pfn_t hmm_pfn_t_from_pfn(unsigned long pfn)
+{
+ return (pfn << HMM_PFN_SHIFT) | HMM_PFN_VALID;
+}
+
+
+/* Below are for HMM internal use only! Not to be used by device driver! */
+void hmm_mm_destroy(struct mm_struct *mm);
+
+#else /* IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HMM) */
+
+/* Below are for HMM internal use only! Not to be used by device driver! */
+static inline void hmm_mm_destroy(struct mm_struct *mm) {}
+
+#endif /* IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HMM) */
+#endif /* LINUX_HMM_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/mm_types.h b/include/linux/mm_types.h
index 4f6d440..31da81f 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm_types.h
@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@

struct address_space;
struct mem_cgroup;
+struct hmm;

#define USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS (NR_CPUS >= CONFIG_SPLIT_PTLOCK_CPUS)
#define USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS (USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS && \
@@ -532,6 +533,10 @@ struct mm_struct {
atomic_long_t hugetlb_usage;
#endif
struct work_struct async_put_work;
+#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HMM)
+ /* HMM needs to track a few things per mm */
+ struct hmm *hmm;
+#endif
};

static inline void mm_init_cpumask(struct mm_struct *mm)
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index 14017b1..37a0961 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@
#include <linux/binfmts.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/mmu_notifier.h>
+#include <linux/hmm.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/vmacache.h>
@@ -851,6 +852,7 @@ void __mmdrop(struct mm_struct *mm)
BUG_ON(mm == &init_mm);
mm_free_pgd(mm);
destroy_context(mm);
+ hmm_mm_destroy(mm);
mmu_notifier_mm_destroy(mm);
check_mm(mm);
put_user_ns(mm->user_ns);
diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
index 6208963..6bae95f 100644
--- a/mm/Kconfig
+++ b/mm/Kconfig
@@ -289,6 +289,20 @@ config MIGRATION
config ARCH_ENABLE_HUGEPAGE_MIGRATION
bool

+config HMM
+ bool
+ depends on MMU && 64BIT
+ help
+ HMM provides a set of helpers to share a virtual address
+ space between CPU and a device, so that the device can access any valid
+ address of the process (while still obeying memory protection). HMM also
+ provides helpers to migrate process memory to device memory, and back.
+ Each set of functionality (address space mirroring, and migration to and
+ from device memory) can be used independently of the other.
+
+ This is primarily useful for devices like GPU, for GPGPU compute workload,
+ with APIs such as OpenCL or CUDA. See Documentation/vm/hmm.txt.
+
config PHYS_ADDR_T_64BIT
def_bool 64BIT || ARCH_PHYS_ADDR_T_64BIT

diff --git a/mm/Makefile b/mm/Makefile
index 026f6a8..9eb4121 100644
--- a/mm/Makefile
+++ b/mm/Makefile
@@ -75,6 +75,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_FAILSLAB) += failslab.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG) += memory_hotplug.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MEMTEST) += memtest.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MIGRATION) += migrate.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_HMM) += hmm.o
obj-$(CONFIG_QUICKLIST) += quicklist.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) += huge_memory.o khugepaged.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PAGE_COUNTER) += page_counter.o
diff --git a/mm/hmm.c b/mm/hmm.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..acadb49
--- /dev/null
+++ b/mm/hmm.c
@@ -0,0 +1,71 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright 2013 Red Hat Inc.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * Authors: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
+ */
+/*
+ * Refer to include/linux/hmm.h for information about heterogeneous memory
+ * management or HMM for short.
+ */
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/hmm.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+
+/*
+ * struct hmm - HMM per mm struct
+ *
+ * @mm: mm struct this HMM struct is bound to
+ */
+struct hmm {
+ struct mm_struct *mm;
+};
+
+/*
+ * hmm_register - register HMM against an mm (HMM internal)
+ *
+ * @mm: mm struct to attach to
+ *
+ * This is not intended to be used directly by device drivers. It allocates an
+ * HMM struct if mm does not have one, and initializes it.
+ */
+static struct hmm *hmm_register(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+ if (!mm->hmm) {
+ struct hmm *hmm = NULL;
+
+ hmm = kmalloc(sizeof(*hmm), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!hmm)
+ return NULL;
+ hmm->mm = mm;
+
+ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
+ if (!mm->hmm)
+ mm->hmm = hmm;
+ else
+ kfree(hmm);
+ spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * The hmm struct can only be freed once the mm_struct goes away,
+ * hence we should always have pre-allocated an new hmm struct
+ * above.
+ */
+ return mm->hmm;
+}
+
+void hmm_mm_destroy(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+ kfree(mm->hmm);
+}
--
2.9.3
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