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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3] kvm: arm/arm64: Fix locking for kvm_free_stage2_pgd
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On 04.04.17 12:35, Suzuki K Poulose wrote:
> Hi Christoffer,
>
> On 04/04/17 11:13, Christoffer Dall wrote:
>> Hi Suzuki,
>>
>> On Mon, Apr 03, 2017 at 03:12:43PM +0100, Suzuki K Poulose wrote:
>>> In kvm_free_stage2_pgd() we don't hold the kvm->mmu_lock while calling
>>> unmap_stage2_range() on the entire memory range for the guest. This
>>> could
>>> cause problems with other callers (e.g, munmap on a memslot) trying to
>>> unmap a range. And since we have to unmap the entire Guest memory range
>>> holding a spinlock, make sure we yield the lock if necessary, after we
>>> unmap each PUD range.
>>>
>>> Fixes: commit d5d8184d35c9 ("KVM: ARM: Memory virtualization setup")
>>> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org # v3.10+
>>> Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzin@redhat.com>
>>> Cc: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
>>> Cc: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org>
>>> Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
>>> Signed-off-by: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>
>>> [ Avoid vCPU starvation and lockup detector warnings ]
>>> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
>>> Signed-off-by: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>
>>>
>>
>> This unfortunately fails to build on 32-bit ARM, and I also think we
>> intended to check against S2_PGDIR_SIZE, not S2_PUD_SIZE.
>
> Sorry about that, I didn't test the patch with arm32. I am fine the
> patch below. And I agree that the name change does make things more
> readable. See below for a hunk that I posted to the kbuild report.
>
>>
>> How about adding this to your patch (which includes a rename of
>> S2_PGD_SIZE which is horribly confusing as it indicates the size of the
>> first level stage-2 table itself, where S2_PGDIR_SIZE indicates the size
>> of address space mapped by a single entry in the same table):
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/stage2_pgtable.h
>> b/arch/arm/include/asm/stage2_pgtable.h
>> index 460d616..c997f2d 100644
>> --- a/arch/arm/include/asm/stage2_pgtable.h
>> +++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/stage2_pgtable.h
>> @@ -35,10 +35,13 @@
>>
>> #define stage2_pud_huge(pud) pud_huge(pud)
>>
>> +#define S2_PGDIR_SIZE PGDIR_SIZE
>> +#define S2_PGDIR_MASK PGDIR_MASK
>> +
>> /* Open coded p*d_addr_end that can deal with 64bit addresses */
>> static inline phys_addr_t stage2_pgd_addr_end(phys_addr_t addr,
>> phys_addr_t end)
>> {
>> - phys_addr_t boundary = (addr + PGDIR_SIZE) & PGDIR_MASK;
>> + phys_addr_t boundary = (addr + S2_PGDIR_SIZE) & S2_PGDIR_MASK;
>>
>> return (boundary - 1 < end - 1) ? boundary : end;
>> }
>> diff --git a/arch/arm/kvm/mmu.c b/arch/arm/kvm/mmu.c
>> index db94f3a..6e79a4c 100644
>> --- a/arch/arm/kvm/mmu.c
>> +++ b/arch/arm/kvm/mmu.c
>> @@ -41,7 +41,7 @@ static unsigned long hyp_idmap_start;
>> static unsigned long hyp_idmap_end;
>> static phys_addr_t hyp_idmap_vector;
>>
>> -#define S2_PGD_SIZE (PTRS_PER_S2_PGD * sizeof(pgd_t))
>> +#define S2_PGD_TABLE_SIZE (PTRS_PER_S2_PGD * sizeof(pgd_t))
>> #define hyp_pgd_order get_order(PTRS_PER_PGD * sizeof(pgd_t))
>>
>> #define KVM_S2PTE_FLAG_IS_IOMAP (1UL << 0)
>> @@ -299,7 +299,7 @@ static void unmap_stage2_range(struct kvm *kvm,
>> phys_addr_t start, u64 size)
>> * If the range is too large, release the kvm->mmu_lock
>> * to prevent starvation and lockup detector warnings.
>> */
>> - if (size > S2_PUD_SIZE)
>> + if (size > S2_PGDIR_SIZE)
>> cond_resched_lock(&kvm->mmu_lock);
>> next = stage2_pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
>> if (!stage2_pgd_none(*pgd))
>> @@ -747,7 +747,7 @@ int kvm_alloc_stage2_pgd(struct kvm *kvm)
>> }
>>
>> /* Allocate the HW PGD, making sure that each page gets its own
>> refcount */
>> - pgd = alloc_pages_exact(S2_PGD_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO);
>> + pgd = alloc_pages_exact(S2_PGD_TABLE_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO);
>> if (!pgd)
>> return -ENOMEM;
>>
>> @@ -843,7 +843,7 @@ void kvm_free_stage2_pgd(struct kvm *kvm)
>> spin_unlock(&kvm->mmu_lock);
>>
>> /* Free the HW pgd, one page at a time */
>> - free_pages_exact(kvm->arch.pgd, S2_PGD_SIZE);
>> + free_pages_exact(kvm->arch.pgd, S2_PGD_TABLE_SIZE);
>> kvm->arch.pgd = NULL;
>> }
>>
>
> Btw, I have a different hunk to solve the problem, posted to the kbuild
> report. I will post it here for the sake of capturing the discussion in
> one place. The following hunk on top of the patch, changes the lock
> release after we process one PGDIR entry. As for the first time
> we enter the loop we haven't done much with the lock held, hence it may
> make
> sense to do it after the first round and we have more work to do.
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm/kvm/mmu.c b/arch/arm/kvm/mmu.c
> index db94f3a..582a972 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/kvm/mmu.c
> +++ b/arch/arm/kvm/mmu.c
> @@ -295,15 +295,15 @@ static void unmap_stage2_range(struct kvm *kvm,
> phys_addr_t start, u64 size)
> assert_spin_locked(&kvm->mmu_lock);
> pgd = kvm->arch.pgd + stage2_pgd_index(addr);
> do {
> + next = stage2_pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
> + if (!stage2_pgd_none(*pgd))

Just as heads up, I had this version applied to my tree by accident
(commit 8b3405e345b5a098101b0c31b264c812bba045d9 from Christoffer's
queue) and ran into a NULL pointer dereference:

[223090.242280] Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at
virtual address 00000040
[223090.262330] PC is at unmap_stage2_range+0x8c/0x428
[223090.262332] LR is at kvm_unmap_hva_handler+0x2c/0x3c
[223090.262531] Call trace:
[223090.262533] [<ffff0000080adb78>] unmap_stage2_range+0x8c/0x428
[223090.262535] [<ffff0000080adf40>] kvm_unmap_hva_handler+0x2c/0x3c
[223090.262537] [<ffff0000080ace2c>] handle_hva_to_gpa+0xb0/0x104
[223090.262539] [<ffff0000080af988>] kvm_unmap_hva+0x5c/0xbc
[223090.262543] [<ffff0000080a2478>]
kvm_mmu_notifier_invalidate_page+0x50/0x8c
[223090.262547] [<ffff0000082274f8>]
__mmu_notifier_invalidate_page+0x5c/0x84
[223090.262551] [<ffff00000820b700>] try_to_unmap_one+0x1d0/0x4a0
[223090.262553] [<ffff00000820c5c8>] rmap_walk+0x1cc/0x2e0
[223090.262555] [<ffff00000820c90c>] try_to_unmap+0x74/0xa4
[223090.262557] [<ffff000008230ce4>] migrate_pages+0x31c/0x5ac
[223090.262561] [<ffff0000081f869c>] compact_zone+0x3fc/0x7ac
[223090.262563] [<ffff0000081f8ae0>] compact_zone_order+0x94/0xb0
[223090.262564] [<ffff0000081f91c0>] try_to_compact_pages+0x108/0x290
[223090.262569] [<ffff0000081d5108>] __alloc_pages_direct_compact+0x70/0x1ac
[223090.262571] [<ffff0000081d64a0>] __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x434/0x9f4
[223090.262572] [<ffff0000082256f0>] alloc_pages_vma+0x230/0x254
[223090.262574] [<ffff000008235e5c>] do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page+0x114/0x538
[223090.262576] [<ffff000008201bec>] handle_mm_fault+0xd40/0x17a4
[223090.262577] [<ffff0000081fb324>] __get_user_pages+0x12c/0x36c
[223090.262578] [<ffff0000081fb804>] get_user_pages_unlocked+0xa4/0x1b8
[223090.262579] [<ffff0000080a3ce8>] __gfn_to_pfn_memslot+0x280/0x31c
[223090.262580] [<ffff0000080a3dd0>] gfn_to_pfn_prot+0x4c/0x5c
[223090.262582] [<ffff0000080af3f8>] kvm_handle_guest_abort+0x240/0x774
[223090.262584] [<ffff0000080b2bac>] handle_exit+0x11c/0x1ac
[223090.262586] [<ffff0000080ab99c>] kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_run+0x31c/0x648
[223090.262587] [<ffff0000080a1d78>] kvm_vcpu_ioctl+0x378/0x768
[223090.262590] [<ffff00000825df5c>] do_vfs_ioctl+0x324/0x5a4
[223090.262591] [<ffff00000825e26c>] SyS_ioctl+0x90/0xa4
[223090.262595] [<ffff000008085d84>] el0_svc_naked+0x38/0x3c

0xffff0000080adb78 is in unmap_stage2_range (../arch/arm/kvm/mmu.c:260).
255 pud_t *pud, *start_pud;
256
257 start_pud = pud = stage2_pud_offset(pgd, addr);
258 do {
259 next = stage2_pud_addr_end(addr, end);
260 if (!stage2_pud_none(*pud)) {
261 if (stage2_pud_huge(*pud)) {
262 pud_t old_pud = *pud;
263
264 stage2_pud_clear(pud);


So please beware that for some reason pud may become invalid after
rescheduling.


Alex

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