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SubjectRe: your mail
On Fri 21-04-17 13:38:28, Joonsoo Kim wrote:
> On Thu, Apr 20, 2017 at 09:28:20AM +0200, Michal Hocko wrote:
> > On Thu 20-04-17 10:27:55, Joonsoo Kim wrote:
> > > On Mon, Apr 17, 2017 at 10:15:15AM +0200, Michal Hocko wrote:
> > [...]
> > > > Which pfn walkers you have in mind?
> > >
> > > For example, kpagecount_read() in fs/proc/page.c. I searched it by
> > > using pfn_valid().
> >
> > Yeah, I've checked that one and in fact this is a good example of the
> > case where you do not really care about holes. It just checks the page
> > count which is a valid information under any circumstances.
> I don't think so. First, it checks the page *map* count. Is it still valid
> even if PageReserved() is set?

I do not know about any user which would manipulate page map count for
referenced pages. The core MM code doesn't.

> What I'd like to ask in this example is
> that what information is valid if PageReserved() is set. Is there any
> design document on this? I think that we need to define/document it first.

NO, it is not AFAIK.

> > OK, fair enough. I did't consider memblock allocations. I will rethink
> > this patch but there are essentially 3 options
> > - use a different criterion for the offline holes dection. I
> > have just realized we might do it by storing the online
> > information into the mem sections
> > - drop this patch
> > - move the PageReferenced check down the chain into
> > isolate_freepages_block resp. isolate_migratepages_block
> >
> > I would prefer 3 over 2 over 1. I definitely want to make this more
> > robust so 1 is preferable long term but I do not want this to be a
> > roadblock to the rest of the rework. Does that sound acceptable to you?
> I like #1 among of above options and I already see your patch for #1.
> It's much better than your first attempt but I'm still not happy due
> to the semantic of pfn_valid().

You are trying to change a semantic of something that has a well defined
meaning. I disagree that we should change it. It might sound like a
simpler thing to do because pfn walkers will have to be checked but what
you are proposing is conflating two different things together.

> > [..]
> > > Let me clarify my desire(?) for this issue.
> > >
> > > 1. If pfn_valid() returns true, struct page has valid information, at
> > > least, in flags (zone id, node id, flags, etc...). So, we can use them
> > > without checking PageResereved().
> >
> > This is no longer true after my rework. Pages are associated with the
> > zone during _onlining_ rather than when they are physically hotpluged.
> If your rework make information valid during _onlining_, my
> suggestion is making pfn_valid() return false until onlining.
> Caller of pfn_valid() expects that they can get valid information from
> the struct page. There is no reason to access the struct page if they
> can't get valid information from it. So, passing pfn_valid() should
> guarantee that, at least, some kind of information is valid.
> If pfn_valid() doesn't guarantee it, most of the pfn walker should
> check PageResereved() to make sure that validity of information from
> the struct page.

This is true only for those walkers which really depend on the full
initialization. This is not the case for all of them. I do not see any
reason to introduce another _pfn_valid to just check whether there is a
struct page...

So please do not conflate those two different concepts together. I
believe that the most prominent pfn walkers should be covered now and
others can be evaluated later.
Michal Hocko

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