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SubjectRe: [kernel-hardening] Re: [PATCH v3 1/2] modules:capabilities: automatic module loading restriction
On Thu, Apr 20, 2017 at 4:22 AM, Ben Hutchings <> wrote:
> On Thu, 2017-04-20 at 00:20 +0200, Djalal Harouni wrote:
> [...]
>> +modules_autoload:
>> +
>> +A sysctl to control if modules auto-load feature is allowed or not.
>> +This sysctl complements "modules_disabled" which is for all module
>> +operations where this flag applies only to automatic module loading.
>> +Automatic module loading happens when programs request a kernel feature
>> +that is implemented by an unloaded module, the kernel automatically
>> +runs the program pointed by "modprobe" sysctl in order to load the
>> +corresponding module.
>> +
>> +When modules_autoload is set to (0), the default, there are no
>> +restrictions.
>> +
>> +When modules_autoload is set to (1), processes must have CAP_SYS_MODULE
>> +to be able to trigger a module auto-load operation, or CAP_NET_ADMIN
>> +for modules with a 'netdev-%s' alias.
>> +
>> +When modules_autoload is set to (2), automatic module loading is
>> +disabled for all. Once set, this value can not be changed.
> I would expect a parameter 'modules_autoload' to be a boolean, so this
> behaviour would be surprising.
> What is the point of mode 2? Why would someone want to set
> modules_disabled=0 and modules_autoload=2?

modules_disabled is too restrictive and once set it can't be changed,
maybe that's why not all users use it.

With modules_disabled=0 and modules_autoload=2

* The functionality of the system can still be made available.
* You only disable automatic module loading
* Explicit module load/unload can still happen. Administrators or
privileged programs can still explicitly load modules provide a
feature without rebooting.
* You are able to restrict some applications from inserting new
modules at all by also applying a seccomp filter and removing their
CAP_SYS_MODULE, where explicit load/unload is still available to
* You are able to unload an old bad version of the module without
rebooting, and maybe load the new version.

> [...]
>> --- a/kernel/module.c
>> +++ b/kernel/module.c
> [...]
>> +static int modules_autoload_privileged_access(const char *name)
>> +{
>> + if (capable(CAP_SYS_MODULE))
>> + return 0;
>> + else if (name && strstr(name, "netdev-") && capable(CAP_NET_ADMIN))
> [...]
> We want a prefix match, so use strncmp() not strstr().

Indeed, will fix it.


> Ben.
> --
> Ben Hutchings
> It is easier to change the specification to fit the program than vice
> versa.


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