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Subject[PATCH v3 tip/core/rcu 04/40] srcu: Check for tardy grace-period activity in cleanup_srcu_struct()
Date
Users of SRCU are obliged to complete all grace-period activity before
invoking cleanup_srcu_struct(). This means that all calls to either
synchronize_srcu() or synchronize_srcu_expedited() must have returned,
and all calls to call_srcu() must have returned, and the last call to
call_srcu() must have been followed by a call to srcu_barrier().
Furthermore, the caller must have done something to prevent any
further calls to synchronize_srcu(), synchronize_srcu_expedited(),
and call_srcu().

Therefore, if there has ever been an invocation of call_srcu() on
the srcu_struct in question, the sequence of events must be as
follows:

1. Prevent any further calls to call_srcu().
2. Wait for any pre-existing call_srcu() invocations to return.
3. Invoke srcu_barrier().
4. It is now safe to invoke cleanup_srcu_struct().

On the other hand, if there has ever been a call to synchronize_srcu()
or synchronize_srcu_expedited(), the sequence of events must be as
follows:

1. Prevent any further calls to synchronize_srcu() or
synchronize_srcu_expedited().
2. Wait for any pre-existing synchronize_srcu() or
synchronize_srcu_expedited() invocations to return.
3. It is now safe to invoke cleanup_srcu_struct().

If there have been calls to all both types of functions (call_srcu()
and either of synchronize_srcu() and synchronize_srcu_expedited()), then
the caller must do the first three steps of the call_srcu() procedure
above and the first two steps of the synchronize_s*() procedure above,
and only then invoke cleanup_srcu_struct().

Note that cleanup_srcu_struct() does some probabilistic checks
for the caller failing to follow these procedures, in which case
cleanup_srcu_struct() does WARN_ON() and avoids freeing the per-CPU
structures associated with the specified srcu_struct structure.

Reported-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
---
kernel/rcu/srcu.c | 15 +++++++++++++--
1 file changed, 13 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/rcu/srcu.c b/kernel/rcu/srcu.c
index ba41a5d04b49..e6da9fc1f0e9 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/srcu.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/srcu.c
@@ -254,13 +254,24 @@ static bool srcu_readers_active(struct srcu_struct *sp)
* cleanup_srcu_struct - deconstruct a sleep-RCU structure
* @sp: structure to clean up.
*
- * Must invoke this after you are finished using a given srcu_struct that
- * was initialized via init_srcu_struct(), else you leak memory.
+ * Must invoke this only after you are finished using a given srcu_struct
+ * that was initialized via init_srcu_struct(). This code does some
+ * probabalistic checking, spotting late uses of srcu_read_lock(),
+ * synchronize_srcu(), synchronize_srcu_expedited(), and call_srcu().
+ * If any such late uses are detected, the per-CPU memory associated with
+ * the srcu_struct is simply leaked and WARN_ON() is invoked. If the
+ * caller frees the srcu_struct itself, a use-after-free crash will likely
+ * ensue, but at least there will be a warning printed.
*/
void cleanup_srcu_struct(struct srcu_struct *sp)
{
if (WARN_ON(srcu_readers_active(sp)))
return; /* Leakage unless caller handles error. */
+ if (WARN_ON(!rcu_all_batches_empty(sp)))
+ return; /* Leakage unless caller handles error. */
+ flush_delayed_work(&sp->work);
+ if (WARN_ON(sp->running))
+ return; /* Caller forgot to stop doing call_srcu()? */
free_percpu(sp->per_cpu_ref);
sp->per_cpu_ref = NULL;
}
--
2.5.2
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