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Subject[PATCH v2 tip/core/rcu 19/39] rcu: Fix warning in rcu_seq_end()
From: Dmitry Vyukov <>

The rcu_seq_end() function increments seq signifying completion
of a grace period, after that checks that the seq is even and wakes
_synchronize_rcu_expedited(). The _synchronize_rcu_expedited() function
uses wait_event() to wait for even seq. The problem is that wait_event()
can return as soon as seq becomes even without waiting for the wakeup.
In such case the warning in rcu_seq_end() can falsely fire if the next
expedited grace period starts before the check.

Check that seq has good value before incrementing it.

Signed-off-by: Dmitry Vyukov <>
Cc: Paul E. McKenney <>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <>
Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <>


syzkaller-triggered warning:

WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 4832 at kernel/rcu/tree.c:3533
rcu_seq_end+0x110/0x140 kernel/rcu/tree.c:3533
CPU: 0 PID: 4832 Comm: kworker/0:3 Not tainted 4.10.0+ #276
Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS Bochs 01/01/2011
Workqueue: events wait_rcu_exp_gp
Call Trace:
__dump_stack lib/dump_stack.c:15 [inline]
dump_stack+0x2ee/0x3ef lib/dump_stack.c:51
panic+0x1fb/0x412 kernel/panic.c:179
__warn+0x1c4/0x1e0 kernel/panic.c:540
warn_slowpath_null+0x2c/0x40 kernel/panic.c:583
rcu_seq_end+0x110/0x140 kernel/rcu/tree.c:3533
rcu_exp_gp_seq_end kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h:36 [inline]
rcu_exp_wait_wake+0x8a9/0x1330 kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h:517
rcu_exp_sel_wait_wake kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h:559 [inline]
wait_rcu_exp_gp+0x83/0xc0 kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h:570
process_one_work+0xc06/0x1c20 kernel/workqueue.c:2096
worker_thread+0x223/0x19c0 kernel/workqueue.c:2230
kthread+0x326/0x3f0 kernel/kthread.c:227
ret_from_fork+0x31/0x40 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:430
kernel/rcu/rcu.h | 2 +-
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/kernel/rcu/rcu.h b/kernel/rcu/rcu.h
index 91e0bf31f6ce..0bc1313c49e2 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/rcu.h
+++ b/kernel/rcu/rcu.h
@@ -73,8 +73,8 @@ static inline void rcu_seq_start(unsigned long *sp)
static inline void rcu_seq_end(unsigned long *sp)
smp_mb(); /* Ensure update-side operation before counter increment. */
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!(*sp & 0x1));
WRITE_ONCE(*sp, *sp + 1);
- WARN_ON_ONCE(*sp & 0x1);

/* Take a snapshot of the update side's sequence number. */
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