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Subject[RFC PATCH 2/9] debugfs: implement per-file removal protection
Date
Since commit 49d200deaa68 ("debugfs: prevent access to removed files'
private data"), accesses to a file's private data are protected from
concurrent removal by covering all file_operations with a SRCU read section
and sychronizing with those before returning from debugfs_remove() by means
of synchronize_srcu().

As pointed out by Johannes Berg, there are debugfs files with forever
blocking file_operations. Their corresponding SRCU read side sections would
block any debugfs_remove() forever as well, even unrelated ones. This
results in a livelock. Because a remover can't cancel any indefinite
blocking within foreign files, this is a problem.

Resolve this by introducing support for more granular protection on a
per-file basis.

This is implemented by introducing an 'active_users' refcount_t to the
per-file struct debugfs_fsdata state. At file creation time, it is set to
one and a debugfs_remove() will drop that initial reference. The new
debugfs_file_get() and debugfs_file_put(), intended to be used in place of
former debugfs_use_file_start() and debugfs_use_file_finish(), increment
and decrement it respectively. Once the count drops to zero,
debugfs_file_put() will signal a completion which is possibly being waited
for from debugfs_remove().
Thus, as long as there is a debugfs_file_get() not yet matched by a
corresponding debugfs_file_put() around, debugfs_remove() will block.

Actual users of debugfs_use_file_start() and -finish() will get converted
to the new debugfs_file_get() and debugfs_file_put() by followup patches.

Fixes: 49d200deaa68 ("debugfs: prevent access to removed files' private
data")
Reported-by: Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net>
Signed-off-by: Nicolai Stange <nicstange@gmail.com>
---
fs/debugfs/file.c | 48 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
fs/debugfs/inode.c | 24 +++++++++++++++++++-----
fs/debugfs/internal.h | 2 ++
include/linux/debugfs.h | 11 +++++++++++
4 files changed, 80 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/debugfs/file.c b/fs/debugfs/file.c
index 15655a1a0704..081d74d390a6 100644
--- a/fs/debugfs/file.c
+++ b/fs/debugfs/file.c
@@ -109,6 +109,54 @@ const struct file_operations *debugfs_real_fops(const struct file *filp)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(debugfs_real_fops);

+/**
+ * debugfs_file_get - mark the beginning of file data access
+ * @dentry: the dentry object whose data is being accessed.
+ *
+ * Up to a matching call to debugfs_file_put(), any successive call
+ * into the file removing functions debugfs_remove() and
+ * debugfs_remove_recursive() will block. Since associated private
+ * file data may only get freed after a successful return of any of
+ * the removal functions, you may safely access it after a successful
+ * call to debugfs_file_get() without worrying about lifetime issues.
+ *
+ * If -%EIO is returned, the file has already been removed and thus,
+ * it is not safe to access any of its data. If, on the other hand,
+ * it is allowed to access the file data, zero is returned.
+ */
+int debugfs_file_get(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ struct debugfs_fsdata *fsd = dentry->d_fsdata;
+
+ /* Avoid starvation of removers. */
+ if (d_unlinked(dentry))
+ return -EIO;
+
+ if (!refcount_inc_not_zero(&fsd->active_users))
+ return -EIO;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(debugfs_file_get);
+
+/**
+ * debugfs_file_put - mark the end of file data access
+ * @dentry: the dentry object formerly passed to
+ * debugfs_file_get().
+ *
+ * Allow any ongoing concurrent call into debugfs_remove() or
+ * debugfs_remove_recursive() blocked by a former call to
+ * debugfs_file_get() to proceed and return to its caller.
+ */
+void debugfs_file_put(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ struct debugfs_fsdata *fsd = dentry->d_fsdata;
+
+ if (refcount_dec_and_test(&fsd->active_users))
+ complete(&fsd->active_users_drained);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(debugfs_file_put);
+
static int open_proxy_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
const struct dentry *dentry = F_DENTRY(filp);
diff --git a/fs/debugfs/inode.c b/fs/debugfs/inode.c
index 1ae133064ca1..88d51e666c38 100644
--- a/fs/debugfs/inode.c
+++ b/fs/debugfs/inode.c
@@ -376,6 +376,7 @@ static struct dentry *__debugfs_create_file(const char *name, umode_t mode,

inode->i_fop = proxy_fops;
fsd->real_fops = real_fops;
+ refcount_set(&fsd->active_users, 1);
dentry->d_fsdata = fsd;

d_instantiate(dentry, inode);
@@ -633,18 +634,31 @@ struct dentry *debugfs_create_symlink(const char *name, struct dentry *parent,
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(debugfs_create_symlink);

+static void __debugfs_remove_file(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *parent)
+{
+ struct debugfs_fsdata *fsd;
+
+ simple_unlink(d_inode(parent), dentry);
+ d_delete(dentry);
+ fsd = dentry->d_fsdata;
+ init_completion(&fsd->active_users_drained);
+ if (!refcount_dec_and_test(&fsd->active_users))
+ wait_for_completion(&fsd->active_users_drained);
+}
+
static int __debugfs_remove(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *parent)
{
int ret = 0;

if (simple_positive(dentry)) {
dget(dentry);
- if (d_is_dir(dentry))
+ if (d_is_dir(dentry)) {
ret = simple_rmdir(d_inode(parent), dentry);
- else
- simple_unlink(d_inode(parent), dentry);
- if (!ret)
- d_delete(dentry);
+ if (!ret)
+ d_delete(dentry);
+ } else {
+ __debugfs_remove_file(dentry, parent);
+ }
dput(dentry);
}
return ret;
diff --git a/fs/debugfs/internal.h b/fs/debugfs/internal.h
index 512601eed3ce..0eea99432840 100644
--- a/fs/debugfs/internal.h
+++ b/fs/debugfs/internal.h
@@ -21,6 +21,8 @@ extern const struct file_operations debugfs_full_proxy_file_operations;

struct debugfs_fsdata {
const struct file_operations *real_fops;
+ refcount_t active_users;
+ struct completion active_users_drained;
};

#endif /* _DEBUGFS_INTERNAL_H_ */
diff --git a/include/linux/debugfs.h b/include/linux/debugfs.h
index d614be21412a..d1f1104c41ee 100644
--- a/include/linux/debugfs.h
+++ b/include/linux/debugfs.h
@@ -98,6 +98,9 @@ void debugfs_use_file_finish(int srcu_idx) __releases(&debugfs_srcu);
const struct file_operations *debugfs_real_fops(const struct file *filp)
__must_hold(&debugfs_srcu);

+int debugfs_file_get(struct dentry *dentry);
+void debugfs_file_put(struct dentry *dentry);
+
ssize_t debugfs_attr_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
size_t len, loff_t *ppos);
ssize_t debugfs_attr_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
@@ -228,6 +231,14 @@ static inline void debugfs_use_file_finish(int srcu_idx)
__releases(&debugfs_srcu)
{ }

+static inline int debugfs_file_get(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static inline void debugfs_file_put(struct dentry *dentry)
+{ }
+
static inline ssize_t debugfs_attr_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
size_t len, loff_t *ppos)
{
--
2.12.2
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