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Subject[PATCH 4.4 13/18] blk-mq: Avoid memory reclaim when remapping queues
4.4-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Gabriel Krisman Bertazi <>

commit 36e1f3d107867b25c616c2fd294f5a1c9d4e5d09 upstream.

While stressing memory and IO at the same time we changed SMT settings,
we were able to consistently trigger deadlocks in the mm system, which
froze the entire machine.

I think that under memory stress conditions, the large allocations
performed by blk_mq_init_rq_map may trigger a reclaim, which stalls
waiting on the block layer remmaping completion, thus deadlocking the
system. The trace below was collected after the machine stalled,
waiting for the hotplug event completion.

The simplest fix for this is to make allocations in this path
non-reclaimable, with GFP_NOIO. With this patch, We couldn't hit the
issue anymore.

This should apply on top of Jens's for-next branch cleanly.

Changes since v1:
- Use GFP_NOIO instead of GFP_NOWAIT.

Call Trace:
[c000000f0160aaf0] [c000000f0160ab50] 0xc000000f0160ab50 (unreliable)
[c000000f0160acc0] [c000000000016624] __switch_to+0x2e4/0x430
[c000000f0160ad20] [c000000000b1a880] __schedule+0x310/0x9b0
[c000000f0160ae00] [c000000000b1af68] schedule+0x48/0xc0
[c000000f0160ae30] [c000000000b1b4b0] schedule_preempt_disabled+0x20/0x30
[c000000f0160ae50] [c000000000b1d4fc] __mutex_lock_slowpath+0xec/0x1f0
[c000000f0160aed0] [c000000000b1d678] mutex_lock+0x78/0xa0
[c000000f0160af00] [d000000019413cac] xfs_reclaim_inodes_ag+0x33c/0x380 [xfs]
[c000000f0160b0b0] [d000000019415164] xfs_reclaim_inodes_nr+0x54/0x70 [xfs]
[c000000f0160b0f0] [d0000000194297f8] xfs_fs_free_cached_objects+0x38/0x60 [xfs]
[c000000f0160b120] [c0000000003172c8] super_cache_scan+0x1f8/0x210
[c000000f0160b190] [c00000000026301c] shrink_slab.part.13+0x21c/0x4c0
[c000000f0160b2d0] [c000000000268088] shrink_zone+0x2d8/0x3c0
[c000000f0160b380] [c00000000026834c] do_try_to_free_pages+0x1dc/0x520
[c000000f0160b450] [c00000000026876c] try_to_free_pages+0xdc/0x250
[c000000f0160b4e0] [c000000000251978] __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x868/0x10d0
[c000000f0160b6f0] [c000000000567030] blk_mq_init_rq_map+0x160/0x380
[c000000f0160b7a0] [c00000000056758c] blk_mq_map_swqueue+0x33c/0x360
[c000000f0160b820] [c000000000567904] blk_mq_queue_reinit+0x64/0xb0
[c000000f0160b850] [c00000000056a16c] blk_mq_queue_reinit_notify+0x19c/0x250
[c000000f0160b8a0] [c0000000000f5d38] notifier_call_chain+0x98/0x100
[c000000f0160b8f0] [c0000000000c5fb0] __cpu_notify+0x70/0xe0
[c000000f0160b930] [c0000000000c63c4] notify_prepare+0x44/0xb0
[c000000f0160b9b0] [c0000000000c52f4] cpuhp_invoke_callback+0x84/0x250
[c000000f0160ba10] [c0000000000c570c] cpuhp_up_callbacks+0x5c/0x120
[c000000f0160ba60] [c0000000000c7cb8] _cpu_up+0xf8/0x1d0
[c000000f0160bac0] [c0000000000c7eb0] do_cpu_up+0x120/0x150
[c000000f0160bb40] [c0000000006fe024] cpu_subsys_online+0x64/0xe0
[c000000f0160bb90] [c0000000006f5124] device_online+0xb4/0x120
[c000000f0160bbd0] [c0000000006f5244] online_store+0xb4/0xc0
[c000000f0160bc20] [c0000000006f0a68] dev_attr_store+0x68/0xa0
[c000000f0160bc60] [c0000000003ccc30] sysfs_kf_write+0x80/0xb0
[c000000f0160bca0] [c0000000003cbabc] kernfs_fop_write+0x17c/0x250
[c000000f0160bcf0] [c00000000030fe6c] __vfs_write+0x6c/0x1e0
[c000000f0160bd90] [c000000000311490] vfs_write+0xd0/0x270
[c000000f0160bde0] [c0000000003131fc] SyS_write+0x6c/0x110
[c000000f0160be30] [c000000000009204] system_call+0x38/0xec

Signed-off-by: Gabriel Krisman Bertazi <>
Cc: Brian King <>
Cc: Douglas Miller <>
Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <>
Signed-off-by: Sumit Semwal <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>

block/blk-mq.c | 6 +++---
1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

--- a/block/blk-mq.c
+++ b/block/blk-mq.c
@@ -1470,7 +1470,7 @@ static struct blk_mq_tags *blk_mq_init_r

tags->rqs = kzalloc_node(set->queue_depth * sizeof(struct request *),
if (!tags->rqs) {
@@ -1496,7 +1496,7 @@ static struct blk_mq_tags *blk_mq_init_r

do {
page = alloc_pages_node(set->numa_node,
if (page)
@@ -1517,7 +1517,7 @@ static struct blk_mq_tags *blk_mq_init_r
* Allow kmemleak to scan these pages as they contain pointers
* to additional allocations like via ops->init_request().
- kmemleak_alloc(p, order_to_size(this_order), 1, GFP_KERNEL);
+ kmemleak_alloc(p, order_to_size(this_order), 1, GFP_NOIO);
entries_per_page = order_to_size(this_order) / rq_size;
to_do = min(entries_per_page, set->queue_depth - i);
left -= to_do * rq_size;

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