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Subject[PATCH 1/3] clk: sunxi-ng: Add clk notifier to gate then ungate PLL clocks
Date
In common PLL designs, changes to the dividers take effect almost
immediately, while changes to the multipliers (implemented as
dividers in the feedback loop) take a few cycles to work into
the feedback loop for the PLL to stablize.

Sometimes when the PLL clock rate is changed, the decrease in the
divider is too much for the decrease in the multiplier to catch up.
The PLL clock rate will spike, and in some cases, might lock up
completely. This is especially the case if the divider changed is
the pre-divider, which affects the reference frequency.

This patch introduces a clk notifier callback that will gate and
then ungate a clk after a rate change, effectively resetting it,
so it continues to work, despite any possible lockups. Care must
be taken to reparent any consumers to other temporary clocks during
the rate change, and that this notifier callback must be the first
to be registered.

This is intended to fix occasional lockups with cpufreq on newer
Allwinner SoCs, such as the A33 and the H3. Previously it was
thought that reparenting the cpu clock away from the PLL while
it stabilized was enough, as this worked quite well on the A31.

On the A33, hangs have been observed after cpufreq was recently
introduced. With the H3, a more thorough test [1] showed that
reparenting alone isn't enough. The system still locks up unless
the dividers are limited to 1.

A hunch was if the PLL was stuck in some unknown state, perhaps
gating then ungating it would bring it back to normal. Tests
done by Icenowy Zheng using Ondrej's test firmware shows this
to be a valid solution.

[1] http://www.spinics.net/lists/arm-kernel/msg552501.html

Reported-by: Ondrej Jirman <megous@megous.com>
Signed-off-by: Chen-Yu Tsai <wens@csie.org>
Tested-by: Icenowy Zheng <icenowy@aosc.io>
Tested-by: Quentin Schulz <quentin.schulz@free-electrons.com>
---
drivers/clk/sunxi-ng/ccu_common.c | 49 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
drivers/clk/sunxi-ng/ccu_common.h | 12 ++++++++++
2 files changed, 61 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/clk/sunxi-ng/ccu_common.c b/drivers/clk/sunxi-ng/ccu_common.c
index 188fa50d0380..40aac316128f 100644
--- a/drivers/clk/sunxi-ng/ccu_common.c
+++ b/drivers/clk/sunxi-ng/ccu_common.c
@@ -14,11 +14,13 @@
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*/

+#include <linux/clk.h>
#include <linux/clk-provider.h>
#include <linux/iopoll.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>

#include "ccu_common.h"
+#include "ccu_gate.h"
#include "ccu_reset.h"

static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(ccu_lock);
@@ -39,6 +41,53 @@ void ccu_helper_wait_for_lock(struct ccu_common *common, u32 lock)
WARN_ON(readl_relaxed_poll_timeout(addr, reg, reg & lock, 100, 70000));
}

+/*
+ * This clock notifier is called when the frequency of a PLL clock is
+ * changed. In common PLL designs, changes to the dividers take effect
+ * almost immediately, while changes to the multipliers (implemented
+ * as dividers in the feedback loop) take a few cycles to work into
+ * the feedback loop for the PLL to stablize.
+ *
+ * Sometimes when the PLL clock rate is changed, the decrease in the
+ * divider is too much for the decrease in the multiplier to catch up.
+ * The PLL clock rate will spike, and in some cases, might lock up
+ * completely.
+ *
+ * This notifier callback will gate and then ungate the clock,
+ * effectively resetting it, so it proceeds to work. Care must be
+ * taken to reparent consumers to other temporary clocks during the
+ * rate change, and that this notifier callback must be the first
+ * to be registered.
+ */
+static int ccu_pll_notifier_cb(struct notifier_block *nb,
+ unsigned long event, void *data)
+{
+ struct ccu_pll_nb *pll = to_ccu_pll_nb(nb);
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (event != POST_RATE_CHANGE)
+ goto out;
+
+ ccu_gate_helper_disable(pll->common, pll->enable);
+
+ ret = ccu_gate_helper_enable(pll->common, pll->enable);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out;
+
+ ccu_helper_wait_for_lock(pll->common, pll->lock);
+
+out:
+ return notifier_from_errno(ret);
+}
+
+int ccu_pll_notifier_register(struct ccu_pll_nb *pll_nb)
+{
+ pll_nb->clk_nb.notifier_call = ccu_pll_notifier_cb;
+
+ return clk_notifier_register(pll_nb->common->hw.clk,
+ &pll_nb->clk_nb);
+}
+
int sunxi_ccu_probe(struct device_node *node, void __iomem *reg,
const struct sunxi_ccu_desc *desc)
{
diff --git a/drivers/clk/sunxi-ng/ccu_common.h b/drivers/clk/sunxi-ng/ccu_common.h
index 73d81dc58fc5..d6fdd7a789aa 100644
--- a/drivers/clk/sunxi-ng/ccu_common.h
+++ b/drivers/clk/sunxi-ng/ccu_common.h
@@ -83,6 +83,18 @@ struct sunxi_ccu_desc {

void ccu_helper_wait_for_lock(struct ccu_common *common, u32 lock);

+struct ccu_pll_nb {
+ struct notifier_block clk_nb;
+ struct ccu_common *common;
+
+ u32 enable;
+ u32 lock;
+};
+
+#define to_ccu_pll_nb(_nb) container_of(_nb, struct ccu_pll_nb, clk_nb)
+
+int ccu_pll_notifier_register(struct ccu_pll_nb *pll_nb);
+
int sunxi_ccu_probe(struct device_node *node, void __iomem *reg,
const struct sunxi_ccu_desc *desc);

--
2.11.0
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