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Subject[PATCH V4 14/16] block, bfq: handle bursts of queue activations
Date
From: Arianna Avanzini <avanzini.arianna@gmail.com>

Many popular I/O-intensive services or applications spawn or
reactivate many parallel threads/processes during short time
intervals. Examples are systemd during boot or git grep. These
services or applications benefit mostly from a high throughput: the
quicker the I/O generated by their processes is cumulatively served,
the sooner the target job of these services or applications gets
completed. As a consequence, it is almost always counterproductive to
weight-raise any of the queues associated to the processes of these
services or applications: in most cases it would just lower the
throughput, mainly because weight-raising also implies device idling.

To address this issue, an I/O scheduler needs, first, to detect which
queues are associated with these services or applications. In this
respect, we have that, from the I/O-scheduler standpoint, these
services or applications cause bursts of activations, i.e.,
activations of different queues occurring shortly after each
other. However, a shorter burst of activations may be caused also by
the start of an application that does not consist in a lot of parallel
I/O-bound threads (see the comments on the function bfq_handle_burst
for details).

In view of these facts, this commit introduces:
1) an heuristic to detect (only) bursts of queue activations caused by
services or applications consisting in many parallel I/O-bound
threads;
2) the prevention of device idling and weight-raising for the queues
belonging to these bursts.

Signed-off-by: Arianna Avanzini <avanzini.arianna@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Paolo Valente <paolo.valente@linaro.org>
---
block/bfq-iosched.c | 404 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
1 file changed, 389 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/bfq-iosched.c b/block/bfq-iosched.c
index 549f030..b7e3c86 100644
--- a/block/bfq-iosched.c
+++ b/block/bfq-iosched.c
@@ -360,6 +360,10 @@ struct bfq_queue {

/* bit vector: a 1 for each seeky requests in history */
u32 seek_history;
+
+ /* node for the device's burst list */
+ struct hlist_node burst_list_node;
+
/* position of the last request enqueued */
sector_t last_request_pos;

@@ -443,6 +447,17 @@ struct bfq_io_cq {
bool saved_IO_bound;

/*
+ * Same purpose as the previous fields for the value of the
+ * field keeping the queue's belonging to a large burst
+ */
+ bool saved_in_large_burst;
+ /*
+ * True if the queue belonged to a burst list before its merge
+ * with another cooperating queue.
+ */
+ bool was_in_burst_list;
+
+ /*
* Similar to previous fields: save wr information.
*/
unsigned long saved_wr_coeff;
@@ -609,6 +624,36 @@ struct bfq_data {
*/
bool strict_guarantees;

+ /*
+ * Last time at which a queue entered the current burst of
+ * queues being activated shortly after each other; for more
+ * details about this and the following parameters related to
+ * a burst of activations, see the comments on the function
+ * bfq_handle_burst.
+ */
+ unsigned long last_ins_in_burst;
+ /*
+ * Reference time interval used to decide whether a queue has
+ * been activated shortly after @last_ins_in_burst.
+ */
+ unsigned long bfq_burst_interval;
+ /* number of queues in the current burst of queue activations */
+ int burst_size;
+
+ /* common parent entity for the queues in the burst */
+ struct bfq_entity *burst_parent_entity;
+ /* Maximum burst size above which the current queue-activation
+ * burst is deemed as 'large'.
+ */
+ unsigned long bfq_large_burst_thresh;
+ /* true if a large queue-activation burst is in progress */
+ bool large_burst;
+ /*
+ * Head of the burst list (as for the above fields, more
+ * details in the comments on the function bfq_handle_burst).
+ */
+ struct hlist_head burst_list;
+
/* if set to true, low-latency heuristics are enabled */
bool low_latency;
/*
@@ -671,7 +716,8 @@ struct bfq_data {
};

enum bfqq_state_flags {
- BFQQF_busy = 0, /* has requests or is in service */
+ BFQQF_just_created = 0, /* queue just allocated */
+ BFQQF_busy, /* has requests or is in service */
BFQQF_wait_request, /* waiting for a request */
BFQQF_non_blocking_wait_rq, /*
* waiting for a request
@@ -685,6 +731,10 @@ enum bfqq_state_flags {
* having consumed at most 2/10 of
* its budget
*/
+ BFQQF_in_large_burst, /*
+ * bfqq activated in a large burst,
+ * see comments to bfq_handle_burst.
+ */
BFQQF_softrt_update, /*
* may need softrt-next-start
* update
@@ -707,6 +757,7 @@ static int bfq_bfqq_##name(const struct bfq_queue *bfqq) \
return test_bit(BFQQF_##name, &(bfqq)->flags); \
}

+BFQ_BFQQ_FNS(just_created);
BFQ_BFQQ_FNS(busy);
BFQ_BFQQ_FNS(wait_request);
BFQ_BFQQ_FNS(non_blocking_wait_rq);
@@ -714,6 +765,7 @@ BFQ_BFQQ_FNS(fifo_expire);
BFQ_BFQQ_FNS(idle_window);
BFQ_BFQQ_FNS(sync);
BFQ_BFQQ_FNS(IO_bound);
+BFQ_BFQQ_FNS(in_large_burst);
BFQ_BFQQ_FNS(coop);
BFQ_BFQQ_FNS(split_coop);
BFQ_BFQQ_FNS(softrt_update);
@@ -4303,9 +4355,9 @@ bfq_bfqq_resume_state(struct bfq_queue *bfqq, struct bfq_io_cq *bic)
bfqq->last_wr_start_finish = bic->saved_last_wr_start_finish;
bfqq->wr_cur_max_time = bic->saved_wr_cur_max_time;

- if (bfqq->wr_coeff > 1 &&
+ if (bfqq->wr_coeff > 1 && (bfq_bfqq_in_large_burst(bfqq) ||
time_is_before_jiffies(bfqq->last_wr_start_finish +
- bfqq->wr_cur_max_time)) {
+ bfqq->wr_cur_max_time))) {
bfq_log_bfqq(bfqq->bfqd, bfqq,
"resume state: switching off wr");

@@ -4321,6 +4373,232 @@ static int bfqq_process_refs(struct bfq_queue *bfqq)
return bfqq->ref - bfqq->allocated - bfqq->entity.on_st;
}

+/* Empty burst list and add just bfqq (see comments on bfq_handle_burst) */
+static void bfq_reset_burst_list(struct bfq_data *bfqd, struct bfq_queue *bfqq)
+{
+ struct bfq_queue *item;
+ struct hlist_node *n;
+
+ hlist_for_each_entry_safe(item, n, &bfqd->burst_list, burst_list_node)
+ hlist_del_init(&item->burst_list_node);
+ hlist_add_head(&bfqq->burst_list_node, &bfqd->burst_list);
+ bfqd->burst_size = 1;
+ bfqd->burst_parent_entity = bfqq->entity.parent;
+}
+
+/* Add bfqq to the list of queues in current burst (see bfq_handle_burst) */
+static void bfq_add_to_burst(struct bfq_data *bfqd, struct bfq_queue *bfqq)
+{
+ /* Increment burst size to take into account also bfqq */
+ bfqd->burst_size++;
+
+ if (bfqd->burst_size == bfqd->bfq_large_burst_thresh) {
+ struct bfq_queue *pos, *bfqq_item;
+ struct hlist_node *n;
+
+ /*
+ * Enough queues have been activated shortly after each
+ * other to consider this burst as large.
+ */
+ bfqd->large_burst = true;
+
+ /*
+ * We can now mark all queues in the burst list as
+ * belonging to a large burst.
+ */
+ hlist_for_each_entry(bfqq_item, &bfqd->burst_list,
+ burst_list_node)
+ bfq_mark_bfqq_in_large_burst(bfqq_item);
+ bfq_mark_bfqq_in_large_burst(bfqq);
+
+ /*
+ * From now on, and until the current burst finishes, any
+ * new queue being activated shortly after the last queue
+ * was inserted in the burst can be immediately marked as
+ * belonging to a large burst. So the burst list is not
+ * needed any more. Remove it.
+ */
+ hlist_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, &bfqd->burst_list,
+ burst_list_node)
+ hlist_del_init(&pos->burst_list_node);
+ } else /*
+ * Burst not yet large: add bfqq to the burst list. Do
+ * not increment the ref counter for bfqq, because bfqq
+ * is removed from the burst list before freeing bfqq
+ * in put_queue.
+ */
+ hlist_add_head(&bfqq->burst_list_node, &bfqd->burst_list);
+}
+
+/*
+ * If many queues belonging to the same group happen to be created
+ * shortly after each other, then the processes associated with these
+ * queues have typically a common goal. In particular, bursts of queue
+ * creations are usually caused by services or applications that spawn
+ * many parallel threads/processes. Examples are systemd during boot,
+ * or git grep. To help these processes get their job done as soon as
+ * possible, it is usually better to not grant either weight-raising
+ * or device idling to their queues.
+ *
+ * In this comment we describe, firstly, the reasons why this fact
+ * holds, and, secondly, the next function, which implements the main
+ * steps needed to properly mark these queues so that they can then be
+ * treated in a different way.
+ *
+ * The above services or applications benefit mostly from a high
+ * throughput: the quicker the requests of the activated queues are
+ * cumulatively served, the sooner the target job of these queues gets
+ * completed. As a consequence, weight-raising any of these queues,
+ * which also implies idling the device for it, is almost always
+ * counterproductive. In most cases it just lowers throughput.
+ *
+ * On the other hand, a burst of queue creations may be caused also by
+ * the start of an application that does not consist of a lot of
+ * parallel I/O-bound threads. In fact, with a complex application,
+ * several short processes may need to be executed to start-up the
+ * application. In this respect, to start an application as quickly as
+ * possible, the best thing to do is in any case to privilege the I/O
+ * related to the application with respect to all other
+ * I/O. Therefore, the best strategy to start as quickly as possible
+ * an application that causes a burst of queue creations is to
+ * weight-raise all the queues created during the burst. This is the
+ * exact opposite of the best strategy for the other type of bursts.
+ *
+ * In the end, to take the best action for each of the two cases, the
+ * two types of bursts need to be distinguished. Fortunately, this
+ * seems relatively easy, by looking at the sizes of the bursts. In
+ * particular, we found a threshold such that only bursts with a
+ * larger size than that threshold are apparently caused by
+ * services or commands such as systemd or git grep. For brevity,
+ * hereafter we call just 'large' these bursts. BFQ *does not*
+ * weight-raise queues whose creation occurs in a large burst. In
+ * addition, for each of these queues BFQ performs or does not perform
+ * idling depending on which choice boosts the throughput more. The
+ * exact choice depends on the device and request pattern at
+ * hand.
+ *
+ * Unfortunately, false positives may occur while an interactive task
+ * is starting (e.g., an application is being started). The
+ * consequence is that the queues associated with the task do not
+ * enjoy weight raising as expected. Fortunately these false positives
+ * are very rare. They typically occur if some service happens to
+ * start doing I/O exactly when the interactive task starts.
+ *
+ * Turning back to the next function, it implements all the steps
+ * needed to detect the occurrence of a large burst and to properly
+ * mark all the queues belonging to it (so that they can then be
+ * treated in a different way). This goal is achieved by maintaining a
+ * "burst list" that holds, temporarily, the queues that belong to the
+ * burst in progress. The list is then used to mark these queues as
+ * belonging to a large burst if the burst does become large. The main
+ * steps are the following.
+ *
+ * . when the very first queue is created, the queue is inserted into the
+ * list (as it could be the first queue in a possible burst)
+ *
+ * . if the current burst has not yet become large, and a queue Q that does
+ * not yet belong to the burst is activated shortly after the last time
+ * at which a new queue entered the burst list, then the function appends
+ * Q to the burst list
+ *
+ * . if, as a consequence of the previous step, the burst size reaches
+ * the large-burst threshold, then
+ *
+ * . all the queues in the burst list are marked as belonging to a
+ * large burst
+ *
+ * . the burst list is deleted; in fact, the burst list already served
+ * its purpose (keeping temporarily track of the queues in a burst,
+ * so as to be able to mark them as belonging to a large burst in the
+ * previous sub-step), and now is not needed any more
+ *
+ * . the device enters a large-burst mode
+ *
+ * . if a queue Q that does not belong to the burst is created while
+ * the device is in large-burst mode and shortly after the last time
+ * at which a queue either entered the burst list or was marked as
+ * belonging to the current large burst, then Q is immediately marked
+ * as belonging to a large burst.
+ *
+ * . if a queue Q that does not belong to the burst is created a while
+ * later, i.e., not shortly after, than the last time at which a queue
+ * either entered the burst list or was marked as belonging to the
+ * current large burst, then the current burst is deemed as finished and:
+ *
+ * . the large-burst mode is reset if set
+ *
+ * . the burst list is emptied
+ *
+ * . Q is inserted in the burst list, as Q may be the first queue
+ * in a possible new burst (then the burst list contains just Q
+ * after this step).
+ */
+static void bfq_handle_burst(struct bfq_data *bfqd, struct bfq_queue *bfqq)
+{
+ /*
+ * If bfqq is already in the burst list or is part of a large
+ * burst, or finally has just been split, then there is
+ * nothing else to do.
+ */
+ if (!hlist_unhashed(&bfqq->burst_list_node) ||
+ bfq_bfqq_in_large_burst(bfqq) ||
+ time_is_after_eq_jiffies(bfqq->split_time +
+ msecs_to_jiffies(10)))
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * If bfqq's creation happens late enough, or bfqq belongs to
+ * a different group than the burst group, then the current
+ * burst is finished, and related data structures must be
+ * reset.
+ *
+ * In this respect, consider the special case where bfqq is
+ * the very first queue created after BFQ is selected for this
+ * device. In this case, last_ins_in_burst and
+ * burst_parent_entity are not yet significant when we get
+ * here. But it is easy to verify that, whether or not the
+ * following condition is true, bfqq will end up being
+ * inserted into the burst list. In particular the list will
+ * happen to contain only bfqq. And this is exactly what has
+ * to happen, as bfqq may be the first queue of the first
+ * burst.
+ */
+ if (time_is_before_jiffies(bfqd->last_ins_in_burst +
+ bfqd->bfq_burst_interval) ||
+ bfqq->entity.parent != bfqd->burst_parent_entity) {
+ bfqd->large_burst = false;
+ bfq_reset_burst_list(bfqd, bfqq);
+ goto end;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * If we get here, then bfqq is being activated shortly after the
+ * last queue. So, if the current burst is also large, we can mark
+ * bfqq as belonging to this large burst immediately.
+ */
+ if (bfqd->large_burst) {
+ bfq_mark_bfqq_in_large_burst(bfqq);
+ goto end;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * If we get here, then a large-burst state has not yet been
+ * reached, but bfqq is being activated shortly after the last
+ * queue. Then we add bfqq to the burst.
+ */
+ bfq_add_to_burst(bfqd, bfqq);
+end:
+ /*
+ * At this point, bfqq either has been added to the current
+ * burst or has caused the current burst to terminate and a
+ * possible new burst to start. In particular, in the second
+ * case, bfqq has become the first queue in the possible new
+ * burst. In both cases last_ins_in_burst needs to be moved
+ * forward.
+ */
+ bfqd->last_ins_in_burst = jiffies;
+}
+
static int bfq_bfqq_budget_left(struct bfq_queue *bfqq)
{
struct bfq_entity *entity = &bfqq->entity;
@@ -4534,6 +4812,7 @@ static void bfq_update_bfqq_wr_on_rq_arrival(struct bfq_data *bfqd,
unsigned int old_wr_coeff,
bool wr_or_deserves_wr,
bool interactive,
+ bool in_burst,
bool soft_rt)
{
if (old_wr_coeff == 1 && wr_or_deserves_wr) {
@@ -4565,7 +4844,9 @@ static void bfq_update_bfqq_wr_on_rq_arrival(struct bfq_data *bfqd,
if (interactive) { /* update wr coeff and duration */
bfqq->wr_coeff = bfqd->bfq_wr_coeff;
bfqq->wr_cur_max_time = bfq_wr_duration(bfqd);
- } else if (soft_rt) {
+ } else if (in_burst)
+ bfqq->wr_coeff = 1;
+ else if (soft_rt) {
/*
* The application is now or still meeting the
* requirements for being deemed soft rt. We
@@ -4625,7 +4906,8 @@ static void bfq_bfqq_handle_idle_busy_switch(struct bfq_data *bfqd,
struct request *rq,
bool *interactive)
{
- bool soft_rt, wr_or_deserves_wr, bfqq_wants_to_preempt,
+ bool soft_rt, in_burst, wr_or_deserves_wr,
+ bfqq_wants_to_preempt,
idle_for_long_time = bfq_bfqq_idle_for_long_time(bfqd, bfqq),
/*
* See the comments on
@@ -4641,12 +4923,15 @@ static void bfq_bfqq_handle_idle_busy_switch(struct bfq_data *bfqd,
/*
* bfqq deserves to be weight-raised if:
* - it is sync,
+ * - it does not belong to a large burst,
* - it has been idle for enough time or is soft real-time,
* - is linked to a bfq_io_cq (it is not shared in any sense).
*/
+ in_burst = bfq_bfqq_in_large_burst(bfqq);
soft_rt = bfqd->bfq_wr_max_softrt_rate > 0 &&
+ !in_burst &&
time_is_before_jiffies(bfqq->soft_rt_next_start);
- *interactive = idle_for_long_time;
+ *interactive = !in_burst && idle_for_long_time;
wr_or_deserves_wr = bfqd->low_latency &&
(bfqq->wr_coeff > 1 ||
(bfq_bfqq_sync(bfqq) &&
@@ -4661,6 +4946,31 @@ static void bfq_bfqq_handle_idle_busy_switch(struct bfq_data *bfqd,
arrived_in_time,
wr_or_deserves_wr);

+ /*
+ * If bfqq happened to be activated in a burst, but has been
+ * idle for much more than an interactive queue, then we
+ * assume that, in the overall I/O initiated in the burst, the
+ * I/O associated with bfqq is finished. So bfqq does not need
+ * to be treated as a queue belonging to a burst
+ * anymore. Accordingly, we reset bfqq's in_large_burst flag
+ * if set, and remove bfqq from the burst list if it's
+ * there. We do not decrement burst_size, because the fact
+ * that bfqq does not need to belong to the burst list any
+ * more does not invalidate the fact that bfqq was created in
+ * a burst.
+ */
+ if (likely(!bfq_bfqq_just_created(bfqq)) &&
+ idle_for_long_time &&
+ time_is_before_jiffies(
+ bfqq->budget_timeout +
+ msecs_to_jiffies(10000))) {
+ hlist_del_init(&bfqq->burst_list_node);
+ bfq_clear_bfqq_in_large_burst(bfqq);
+ }
+
+ bfq_clear_bfqq_just_created(bfqq);
+
+
if (!bfq_bfqq_IO_bound(bfqq)) {
if (arrived_in_time) {
bfqq->requests_within_timer++;
@@ -4683,6 +4993,7 @@ static void bfq_bfqq_handle_idle_busy_switch(struct bfq_data *bfqd,
old_wr_coeff,
wr_or_deserves_wr,
*interactive,
+ in_burst,
soft_rt);

if (old_wr_coeff != bfqq->wr_coeff)
@@ -5310,6 +5621,8 @@ static void bfq_bfqq_save_state(struct bfq_queue *bfqq)
bic->saved_ttime = bfqq->ttime;
bic->saved_idle_window = bfq_bfqq_idle_window(bfqq);
bic->saved_IO_bound = bfq_bfqq_IO_bound(bfqq);
+ bic->saved_in_large_burst = bfq_bfqq_in_large_burst(bfqq);
+ bic->was_in_burst_list = !hlist_unhashed(&bfqq->burst_list_node);
bic->saved_wr_coeff = bfqq->wr_coeff;
bic->saved_wr_start_at_switch_to_srt = bfqq->wr_start_at_switch_to_srt;
bic->saved_last_wr_start_finish = bfqq->last_wr_start_finish;
@@ -5345,7 +5658,8 @@ bfq_merge_bfqqs(struct bfq_data *bfqd, struct bfq_io_cq *bic,
* where bfqq has just been created, but has not yet made it
* to be weight-raised (which may happen because EQM may merge
* bfqq even before bfq_add_request is executed for the first
- * time for bfqq).
+ * time for bfqq). Handling this case would however be very
+ * easy, thanks to the flag just_created.
*/
if (new_bfqq->wr_coeff == 1 && bfqq->wr_coeff > 1) {
new_bfqq->wr_coeff = bfqq->wr_coeff;
@@ -6430,6 +6744,7 @@ static bool bfq_bfqq_may_idle(struct bfq_queue *bfqq)
{
struct bfq_data *bfqd = bfqq->bfqd;
bool idling_boosts_thr, idling_boosts_thr_without_issues,
+ idling_needed_for_service_guarantees,
asymmetric_scenario;

if (bfqd->strict_guarantees)
@@ -6610,6 +6925,23 @@ static bool bfq_bfqq_may_idle(struct bfq_queue *bfqq)
!bfq_symmetric_scenario(bfqd);

/*
+ * Finally, there is a case where maximizing throughput is the
+ * best choice even if it may cause unfairness toward
+ * bfqq. Such a case is when bfqq became active in a burst of
+ * queue activations. Queues that became active during a large
+ * burst benefit only from throughput, as discussed in the
+ * comments on bfq_handle_burst. Thus, if bfqq became active
+ * in a burst and not idling the device maximizes throughput,
+ * then the device must no be idled, because not idling the
+ * device provides bfqq and all other queues in the burst with
+ * maximum benefit. Combining this and the above case, we can
+ * now establish when idling is actually needed to preserve
+ * service guarantees.
+ */
+ idling_needed_for_service_guarantees =
+ asymmetric_scenario && !bfq_bfqq_in_large_burst(bfqq);
+
+ /*
* We have now all the components we need to compute the return
* value of the function, which is true only if both the following
* conditions hold:
@@ -6618,7 +6950,8 @@ static bool bfq_bfqq_may_idle(struct bfq_queue *bfqq)
* is necessary to preserve service guarantees.
*/
return bfq_bfqq_sync(bfqq) &&
- (idling_boosts_thr_without_issues || asymmetric_scenario);
+ (idling_boosts_thr_without_issues ||
+ idling_needed_for_service_guarantees);
}

/*
@@ -6757,14 +7090,17 @@ static void bfq_update_wr_data(struct bfq_data *bfqd, struct bfq_queue *bfqq)
bfq_log_bfqq(bfqd, bfqq, "WARN: pending prio change");

/*
- * If too much time has elapsed from the beginning of
- * this weight-raising period, then end weight raising.
+ * If the queue was activated in a burst, or too much
+ * time has elapsed from the beginning of this
+ * weight-raising period, then end weight raising.
*/
- if (time_is_before_jiffies(bfqq->last_wr_start_finish +
- bfqq->wr_cur_max_time)) {
+ if (bfq_bfqq_in_large_burst(bfqq))
+ bfq_bfqq_end_wr(bfqq);
+ else if (time_is_before_jiffies(bfqq->last_wr_start_finish +
+ bfqq->wr_cur_max_time)) {
if (bfqq->wr_cur_max_time != bfqd->bfq_wr_rt_max_time ||
time_is_before_jiffies(bfqq->wr_start_at_switch_to_srt +
- bfq_wr_duration(bfqd)))
+ bfq_wr_duration(bfqd)))
bfq_bfqq_end_wr(bfqq);
else {
/* switch back to interactive wr */
@@ -6962,7 +7298,16 @@ static void bfq_put_queue(struct bfq_queue *bfqq)
if (bfqq->ref)
return;

- bfq_log_bfqq(bfqq->bfqd, bfqq, "put_queue: %p freed", bfqq);
+ if (bfq_bfqq_sync(bfqq))
+ /*
+ * The fact that this queue is being destroyed does not
+ * invalidate the fact that this queue may have been
+ * activated during the current burst. As a consequence,
+ * although the queue does not exist anymore, and hence
+ * needs to be removed from the burst list if there,
+ * the burst size has not to be decremented.
+ */
+ hlist_del_init(&bfqq->burst_list_node);

kmem_cache_free(bfq_pool, bfqq);
#ifdef CONFIG_BFQ_GROUP_IOSCHED
@@ -7124,6 +7469,7 @@ static void bfq_init_bfqq(struct bfq_data *bfqd, struct bfq_queue *bfqq,
{
RB_CLEAR_NODE(&bfqq->entity.rb_node);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bfqq->fifo);
+ INIT_HLIST_NODE(&bfqq->burst_list_node);

bfqq->ref = 0;
bfqq->bfqd = bfqd;
@@ -7135,6 +7481,7 @@ static void bfq_init_bfqq(struct bfq_data *bfqd, struct bfq_queue *bfqq,
if (!bfq_class_idle(bfqq))
bfq_mark_bfqq_idle_window(bfqq);
bfq_mark_bfqq_sync(bfqq);
+ bfq_mark_bfqq_just_created(bfqq);
} else
bfq_clear_bfqq_sync(bfqq);

@@ -7400,6 +7747,7 @@ static void __bfq_insert_request(struct bfq_data *bfqd, struct request *rq)
new_bfqq->allocated++;
bfqq->allocated--;
new_bfqq->ref++;
+ bfq_clear_bfqq_just_created(bfqq);
/*
* If the bic associated with the process
* issuing this request still points to bfqq
@@ -7680,8 +8028,18 @@ static struct bfq_queue *bfq_get_bfqq_handle_split(struct bfq_data *bfqd,
bfqq = bfq_get_queue(bfqd, bio, is_sync, bic);

bic_set_bfqq(bic, bfqq, is_sync);
- if (split && is_sync)
+ if (split && is_sync) {
+ if ((bic->was_in_burst_list && bfqd->large_burst) ||
+ bic->saved_in_large_burst)
+ bfq_mark_bfqq_in_large_burst(bfqq);
+ else {
+ bfq_clear_bfqq_in_large_burst(bfqq);
+ if (bic->was_in_burst_list)
+ hlist_add_head(&bfqq->burst_list_node,
+ &bfqd->burst_list);
+ }
bfqq->split_time = jiffies;
+ }

return bfqq;
}
@@ -7714,6 +8072,11 @@ static int bfq_get_rq_private(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq,
/* If the queue was seeky for too long, break it apart. */
if (bfq_bfqq_coop(bfqq) && bfq_bfqq_split_coop(bfqq)) {
bfq_log_bfqq(bfqd, bfqq, "breaking apart bfqq");
+
+ /* Update bic before losing reference to bfqq */
+ if (bfq_bfqq_in_large_burst(bfqq))
+ bic->saved_in_large_burst = true;
+
bfqq = bfq_split_bfqq(bic, bfqq);
/*
* A reference to bic->icq.ioc needs to be
@@ -7757,6 +8120,9 @@ static int bfq_get_rq_private(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq,
}
}

+ if (unlikely(bfq_bfqq_just_created(bfqq)))
+ bfq_handle_burst(bfqd, bfqq);
+
bfq_unlock_put_ioc(bfqd);

return 0;
@@ -7936,6 +8302,10 @@ static int bfq_init_queue(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_type *e)
bfqd->oom_bfqq.new_ioprio_class = IOPRIO_CLASS_BE;
bfqd->oom_bfqq.entity.new_weight =
bfq_ioprio_to_weight(bfqd->oom_bfqq.new_ioprio);
+
+ /* oom_bfqq does not participate to bursts */
+ bfq_clear_bfqq_just_created(&bfqd->oom_bfqq);
+
/*
* Trigger weight initialization, according to ioprio, at the
* oom_bfqq's first activation. The oom_bfqq's ioprio and ioprio
@@ -7956,6 +8326,7 @@ static int bfq_init_queue(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_type *e)

INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bfqd->active_list);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bfqd->idle_list);
+ INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&bfqd->burst_list);

bfqd->hw_tag = -1;

@@ -7970,6 +8341,9 @@ static int bfq_init_queue(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_type *e)

bfqd->bfq_requests_within_timer = 120;

+ bfqd->bfq_large_burst_thresh = 8;
+ bfqd->bfq_burst_interval = msecs_to_jiffies(180);
+
bfqd->low_latency = true;

/*
--
2.10.0
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