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SubjectRe: [PATCH 8/8] x86/mm: Allow to have userspace mappings above 47-bits
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Hi Kirill,

I'm interested in this because we're doing pretty much the same thing on
powerpc at the moment, and I want to make sure x86 & powerpc end up with
compatible behaviour.

"Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name> writes:
> On Fri, Apr 07, 2017 at 07:05:26PM +0530, Anshuman Khandual wrote:
>> On 04/06/2017 07:31 PM, Kirill A. Shutemov wrote:
>> > On x86, 5-level paging enables 56-bit userspace virtual address space.
>> > Not all user space is ready to handle wide addresses. It's known that
>> > at least some JIT compilers use higher bits in pointers to encode their
>> > information. It collides with valid pointers with 5-level paging and
>> > leads to crashes.
>> >
>> > To mitigate this, we are not going to allocate virtual address space
>> > above 47-bit by default.
>>
>> I am wondering if the commitment of virtual space range to the
>> user space is kind of an API which needs to be maintained there
>> after. If that is the case then we need to have some plans when
>> increasing it from the current level.
>
> I don't think we should ever enable full address space for all
> applications. There's no point.
>
> /bin/true doesn't need more than 64TB of virtual memory.
> And I hope never will.
>
> By increasing virtual address space for everybody we will pay (assuming
> current page table format) at least one extra page per process for moving
> stack at very end of address space.

That assumes the current layout though, it could be different.

> Yes, you can gain something in security by having more bits for ASLR, but
> I don't think it worth the cost.

It may not be worth the cost now, for you, but that trade off will be
different for other people and at other times.

So I think it's quite likely some folks will be interested in the full
address range for ASLR.

>> expanding the address range next time around. I think we need
>> to have a plan for this and particularly around 'hint' mechanism
>> and whether it should be decided per mmap() request or at the
>> task level.
>
> I think the reasonable way for an application to claim it's 63-bit clean
> is to make allocations with (void *)-1 as hint address.

I do like the simplicity of that.

But I wouldn't be surprised if some (crappy) code out there already
passes an address of -1. Probably it won't break if it starts getting
high addresses, but who knows.

An alternative would be to only interpret the hint as requesting a large
address if it's >= 64TB && < TASK_SIZE_MAX.

If we're really worried about breaking userspace then a new MMAP flag
seems like the safest option?

I don't feel particularly strongly about any option, but like I said my
main concern is that x86 & powerpc end up with the same behaviour.

And whatever we end up with someone will need to do an update to the man
page for mmap.

cheers

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