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Subject[PATCH v4 5/5] perf report: Show branch type in callchain entry
Date
Show branch type in callchain entry. The branch type is printed
with other LBR information (such as cycles/abort/...).

One example:
perf report --branch-history --stdio --no-children

--23.54%--main div.c:42 (CROSS_2M RET cycles:2)
compute_flag div.c:28 (RET cycles:2)
compute_flag div.c:27 (CROSS_2M RET cycles:1)
rand rand.c:28 (CROSS_4K RET cycles:1)
rand rand.c:28 (CROSS_2M RET cycles:1)
__random random.c:298 (CROSS_4K RET cycles:1)
__random random.c:297 (JCC backward CROSS_2M cycles:1)
__random random.c:295 (JCC forward CROSS_4K cycles:1)
__random random.c:295 (JCC backward CROSS_2M cycles:1)
__random random.c:295 (JCC forward CROSS_4K cycles:1)
__random random.c:295 (CROSS_2M RET cycles:9)

Comparing to previous version, the major changes are:

Since we have to compute the JCC forward/JCC backward and cross
page checking in user space by from and to addresses, while each
callchain entry only contains one ip (either from or to), so
this patch will append a branch from address to the callchain
entry which just contains the to ip.

Signed-off-by: Jin Yao <yao.jin@linux.intel.com>
---
tools/perf/util/callchain.c | 195 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------
tools/perf/util/callchain.h | 4 +-
tools/perf/util/machine.c | 26 ++++--
3 files changed, 152 insertions(+), 73 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tools/perf/util/callchain.c b/tools/perf/util/callchain.c
index 2e5eff5..3c875b1 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/callchain.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/callchain.c
@@ -467,6 +467,11 @@ fill_node(struct callchain_node *node, struct callchain_cursor *cursor)
call->cycles_count = cursor_node->branch_flags.cycles;
call->iter_count = cursor_node->nr_loop_iter;
call->samples_count = cursor_node->samples;
+
+ branch_type_count(&call->brtype_stat,
+ &cursor_node->branch_flags,
+ cursor_node->branch_from,
+ cursor_node->ip);
}

list_add_tail(&call->list, &node->val);
@@ -579,6 +584,11 @@ static enum match_result match_chain(struct callchain_cursor_node *node,
cnode->cycles_count += node->branch_flags.cycles;
cnode->iter_count += node->nr_loop_iter;
cnode->samples_count += node->samples;
+
+ branch_type_count(&cnode->brtype_stat,
+ &node->branch_flags,
+ node->branch_from,
+ node->ip);
}

return MATCH_EQ;
@@ -813,7 +823,7 @@ merge_chain_branch(struct callchain_cursor *cursor,
list_for_each_entry_safe(list, next_list, &src->val, list) {
callchain_cursor_append(cursor, list->ip,
list->ms.map, list->ms.sym,
- false, NULL, 0, 0);
+ false, NULL, 0, 0, 0);
list_del(&list->list);
map__zput(list->ms.map);
free(list);
@@ -853,7 +863,7 @@ int callchain_merge(struct callchain_cursor *cursor,
int callchain_cursor_append(struct callchain_cursor *cursor,
u64 ip, struct map *map, struct symbol *sym,
bool branch, struct branch_flags *flags,
- int nr_loop_iter, int samples)
+ int nr_loop_iter, int samples, u64 branch_from)
{
struct callchain_cursor_node *node = *cursor->last;

@@ -877,6 +887,7 @@ int callchain_cursor_append(struct callchain_cursor *cursor,
memcpy(&node->branch_flags, flags,
sizeof(struct branch_flags));

+ node->branch_from = branch_from;
cursor->nr++;

cursor->last = &node->next;
@@ -1105,95 +1116,151 @@ int callchain_branch_counts(struct callchain_root *root,
cycles_count);
}

+static int branch_type_str(struct branch_type_stat *stat,
+ char *bf, int bfsize)
+{
+ int i, j = 0, printed = 0;
+ u64 total = 0;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < PERF_BR_MAX; i++)
+ total += stat->counts[i];
+
+ if (total == 0)
+ return 0;
+
+ printed += scnprintf(bf + printed, bfsize - printed, " (");
+
+ if (stat->jcc_fwd > 0) {
+ j++;
+ printed += scnprintf(bf + printed, bfsize - printed,
+ "JCC forward");
+ }
+
+ if (stat->jcc_bwd > 0) {
+ if (j++)
+ printed += scnprintf(bf + printed, bfsize - printed,
+ " JCC backward");
+ else
+ printed += scnprintf(bf + printed, bfsize - printed,
+ "JCC backward");
+ }
+
+ if (stat->cross_4k > 0) {
+ if (j++)
+ printed += scnprintf(bf + printed, bfsize - printed,
+ " CROSS_4K");
+ else
+ printed += scnprintf(bf + printed, bfsize - printed,
+ "CROSS_4K");
+ }
+
+ if (stat->cross_2m > 0) {
+ if (j++)
+ printed += scnprintf(bf + printed, bfsize - printed,
+ " CROSS_2M");
+ else
+ printed += scnprintf(bf + printed, bfsize - printed,
+ "CROSS_2M");
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < PERF_BR_MAX; i++) {
+ if (i == PERF_BR_JCC)
+ continue;
+
+ if (stat->counts[i] > 0) {
+ if (j++)
+ printed += scnprintf(bf + printed,
+ bfsize - printed,
+ " %s",
+ branch_type_name(i));
+ else
+ printed += scnprintf(bf + printed,
+ bfsize - printed,
+ "%s",
+ branch_type_name(i));
+ }
+ }
+
+ return printed;
+}
+
static int counts_str_build(char *bf, int bfsize,
u64 branch_count, u64 predicted_count,
u64 abort_count, u64 cycles_count,
- u64 iter_count, u64 samples_count)
+ u64 iter_count, u64 samples_count,
+ struct branch_type_stat *brtype_stat)
{
- double predicted_percent = 0.0;
- const char *null_str = "";
- char iter_str[32];
- char cycle_str[32];
- char *istr, *cstr;
u64 cycles;
+ int printed, i = 0;

if (branch_count == 0)
return scnprintf(bf, bfsize, " (calltrace)");

+ printed = branch_type_str(brtype_stat, bf, bfsize);
+ if (printed)
+ i++;
+
cycles = cycles_count / branch_count;
+ if (cycles) {
+ if (i++)
+ printed += scnprintf(bf + printed, bfsize - printed,
+ " cycles:%" PRId64 "", cycles);
+ else
+ printed += scnprintf(bf + printed, bfsize - printed,
+ " (cycles:%" PRId64 "", cycles);
+ }

if (iter_count && samples_count) {
- if (cycles > 0)
- scnprintf(iter_str, sizeof(iter_str),
- " iterations:%" PRId64 "",
- iter_count / samples_count);
+ if (i++)
+ printed += scnprintf(bf + printed, bfsize - printed,
+ " iterations:%" PRId64 "",
+ iter_count / samples_count);
else
- scnprintf(iter_str, sizeof(iter_str),
- "iterations:%" PRId64 "",
- iter_count / samples_count);
- istr = iter_str;
- } else
- istr = (char *)null_str;
-
- if (cycles > 0) {
- scnprintf(cycle_str, sizeof(cycle_str),
- "cycles:%" PRId64 "", cycles);
- cstr = cycle_str;
- } else
- cstr = (char *)null_str;
-
- predicted_percent = predicted_count * 100.0 / branch_count;
+ printed += scnprintf(bf + printed, bfsize - printed,
+ " (iterations:%" PRId64 "",
+ iter_count / samples_count);
+ }

- if ((predicted_count == branch_count) && (abort_count == 0)) {
- if ((cycles > 0) || (istr != (char *)null_str))
- return scnprintf(bf, bfsize, " (%s%s)", cstr, istr);
+ if (predicted_count < branch_count) {
+ if (i++)
+ printed += scnprintf(bf + printed, bfsize - printed,
+ " predicted:%.1f%%",
+ predicted_count * 100.0 / branch_count);
else
- return scnprintf(bf, bfsize, "%s", (char *)null_str);
- }
-
- if ((predicted_count < branch_count) && (abort_count == 0)) {
- if ((cycles > 0) || (istr != (char *)null_str))
- return scnprintf(bf, bfsize,
- " (predicted:%.1f%% %s%s)",
- predicted_percent, cstr, istr);
- else {
- return scnprintf(bf, bfsize,
- " (predicted:%.1f%%)",
- predicted_percent);
- }
+ printed += scnprintf(bf + printed, bfsize - printed,
+ " (predicted:%.1f%%",
+ predicted_count * 100.0 / branch_count);
}

- if ((predicted_count == branch_count) && (abort_count > 0)) {
- if ((cycles > 0) || (istr != (char *)null_str))
- return scnprintf(bf, bfsize,
- " (abort:%" PRId64 " %s%s)",
- abort_count, cstr, istr);
+ if (abort_count) {
+ if (i++)
+ printed += scnprintf(bf + printed, bfsize - printed,
+ " abort:%.1f%%",
+ abort_count * 100.0 / branch_count);
else
- return scnprintf(bf, bfsize,
- " (abort:%" PRId64 ")",
- abort_count);
+ printed += scnprintf(bf + printed, bfsize - printed,
+ " (abort:%.1f%%",
+ abort_count * 100.0 / branch_count);
}

- if ((cycles > 0) || (istr != (char *)null_str))
- return scnprintf(bf, bfsize,
- " (predicted:%.1f%% abort:%" PRId64 " %s%s)",
- predicted_percent, abort_count, cstr, istr);
+ if (i)
+ return scnprintf(bf + printed, bfsize - printed, ")");

- return scnprintf(bf, bfsize,
- " (predicted:%.1f%% abort:%" PRId64 ")",
- predicted_percent, abort_count);
+ bf[0] = 0;
+ return 0;
}

static int callchain_counts_printf(FILE *fp, char *bf, int bfsize,
u64 branch_count, u64 predicted_count,
u64 abort_count, u64 cycles_count,
- u64 iter_count, u64 samples_count)
+ u64 iter_count, u64 samples_count,
+ struct branch_type_stat *brtype_stat)
{
- char str[128];
+ char str[256];

counts_str_build(str, sizeof(str), branch_count,
predicted_count, abort_count, cycles_count,
- iter_count, samples_count);
+ iter_count, samples_count, brtype_stat);

if (fp)
return fprintf(fp, "%s", str);
@@ -1225,7 +1292,8 @@ int callchain_list_counts__printf_value(struct callchain_node *node,

return callchain_counts_printf(fp, bf, bfsize, branch_count,
predicted_count, abort_count,
- cycles_count, iter_count, samples_count);
+ cycles_count, iter_count, samples_count,
+ &clist->brtype_stat);
}

static void free_callchain_node(struct callchain_node *node)
@@ -1350,7 +1418,8 @@ int callchain_cursor__copy(struct callchain_cursor *dst,

rc = callchain_cursor_append(dst, node->ip, node->map, node->sym,
node->branch, &node->branch_flags,
- node->nr_loop_iter, node->samples);
+ node->nr_loop_iter, node->samples,
+ node->branch_from);
if (rc)
break;

diff --git a/tools/perf/util/callchain.h b/tools/perf/util/callchain.h
index c56c23d..b93897a 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/callchain.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/callchain.h
@@ -119,6 +119,7 @@ struct callchain_list {
u64 cycles_count;
u64 iter_count;
u64 samples_count;
+ struct branch_type_stat brtype_stat;
char *srcline;
struct list_head list;
};
@@ -135,6 +136,7 @@ struct callchain_cursor_node {
struct symbol *sym;
bool branch;
struct branch_flags branch_flags;
+ u64 branch_from;
int nr_loop_iter;
int samples;
struct callchain_cursor_node *next;
@@ -198,7 +200,7 @@ static inline void callchain_cursor_reset(struct callchain_cursor *cursor)
int callchain_cursor_append(struct callchain_cursor *cursor, u64 ip,
struct map *map, struct symbol *sym,
bool branch, struct branch_flags *flags,
- int nr_loop_iter, int samples);
+ int nr_loop_iter, int samples, u64 branch_from);

/* Close a cursor writing session. Initialize for the reader */
static inline void callchain_cursor_commit(struct callchain_cursor *cursor)
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/machine.c b/tools/perf/util/machine.c
index dfc6004..2309614 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/machine.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/machine.c
@@ -1673,7 +1673,8 @@ static int add_callchain_ip(struct thread *thread,
bool branch,
struct branch_flags *flags,
int nr_loop_iter,
- int samples)
+ int samples,
+ u64 branch_from)
{
struct addr_location al;

@@ -1726,7 +1727,8 @@ static int add_callchain_ip(struct thread *thread,
if (symbol_conf.hide_unresolved && al.sym == NULL)
return 0;
return callchain_cursor_append(cursor, al.addr, al.map, al.sym,
- branch, flags, nr_loop_iter, samples);
+ branch, flags, nr_loop_iter, samples,
+ branch_from);
}

struct branch_info *sample__resolve_bstack(struct perf_sample *sample,
@@ -1805,7 +1807,7 @@ static int resolve_lbr_callchain_sample(struct thread *thread,
struct ip_callchain *chain = sample->callchain;
int chain_nr = min(max_stack, (int)chain->nr), i;
u8 cpumode = PERF_RECORD_MISC_USER;
- u64 ip;
+ u64 ip, branch_from = 0;

for (i = 0; i < chain_nr; i++) {
if (chain->ips[i] == PERF_CONTEXT_USER)
@@ -1847,6 +1849,8 @@ static int resolve_lbr_callchain_sample(struct thread *thread,
ip = lbr_stack->entries[0].to;
branch = true;
flags = &lbr_stack->entries[0].flags;
+ branch_from =
+ lbr_stack->entries[0].from;
}
} else {
if (j < lbr_nr) {
@@ -1861,12 +1865,15 @@ static int resolve_lbr_callchain_sample(struct thread *thread,
ip = lbr_stack->entries[0].to;
branch = true;
flags = &lbr_stack->entries[0].flags;
+ branch_from =
+ lbr_stack->entries[0].from;
}
}

err = add_callchain_ip(thread, cursor, parent,
root_al, &cpumode, ip,
- branch, flags, 0, 0);
+ branch, flags, 0, 0,
+ branch_from);
if (err)
return (err < 0) ? err : 0;
}
@@ -1965,19 +1972,20 @@ static int thread__resolve_callchain_sample(struct thread *thread,
root_al,
NULL, be[i].to,
true, &be[i].flags,
- nr_loop_iter, 1);
+ nr_loop_iter, 1,
+ be[i].from);
else
err = add_callchain_ip(thread, cursor, parent,
root_al,
NULL, be[i].to,
true, &be[i].flags,
- 0, 0);
+ 0, 0, be[i].from);

if (!err)
err = add_callchain_ip(thread, cursor, parent, root_al,
NULL, be[i].from,
true, &be[i].flags,
- 0, 0);
+ 0, 0, 0);
if (err == -EINVAL)
break;
if (err)
@@ -2007,7 +2015,7 @@ static int thread__resolve_callchain_sample(struct thread *thread,

err = add_callchain_ip(thread, cursor, parent,
root_al, &cpumode, ip,
- false, NULL, 0, 0);
+ false, NULL, 0, 0, 0);

if (err)
return (err < 0) ? err : 0;
@@ -2024,7 +2032,7 @@ static int unwind_entry(struct unwind_entry *entry, void *arg)
return 0;
return callchain_cursor_append(cursor, entry->ip,
entry->map, entry->sym,
- false, NULL, 0, 0);
+ false, NULL, 0, 0, 0);
}

static int thread__resolve_callchain_unwind(struct thread *thread,
--
2.7.4
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