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Subject[PATCH v3] block: trace completion of all bios.

Currently only dm and md/raid5 bios trigger
trace_block_bio_complete(). Now that we have bio_chain() and
bio_inc_remaining(), it is not possible, in general, for a driver to
know when the bio is really complete. Only bio_endio() knows that.

So move the trace_block_bio_complete() call to bio_endio().

Now trace_block_bio_complete() pairs with trace_block_bio_queue().
Any bio for which a 'queue' event is traced, will subsequently
generate a 'complete' event.

There are a few cases where completion tracing is not wanted.
1/ If blk_update_request() has already generated a completion
trace event at the 'request' level, there is no point generating
one at the bio level too. In this case the bi_sector and bi_size
will have changed, so the bio level event would be wrong

2/ If the bio hasn't actually been queued yet, but is being aborted
early, then a trace event could be confusing. Some filesystems
call bio_endio() but do not want tracing.

3/ The bio_integrity code interposes itself by replacing bi_end_io,
then restoring it and calling bio_endio() again. This would produce
two identical trace events if left like that.

To handle these, we introduce a flag BIO_TRACE_COMPLETION and only
produce the trace event when this is set.
We address point 1 above by clearing the flag in blk_update_request().
We address point 2 above by only setting the flag when
generic_make_request() is called.
We address point 3 above by clearing the flag after generating a
completion event.

When bio_split() is used on a bio, particularly in blk_queue_split(),
there is an extra complication. A new bio is split off the front, and
may be handle directly without going through generic_make_request().
The old bio, which has been advanced, is passed to
generic_make_request(), so it will trigger a trace event a second
time.
Probably the best result when a split happens is to see a single
'queue' event for the whole bio, then multiple 'complete' events - one
for each component. To achieve this was can:
- copy the BIO_TRACE_COMPLETION flag to the new bio in bio_split()
- avoid generating a 'queue' event if BIO_TRACE_COMPLETION is already set.
This way, the split-off bio won't create a queue event, the original
won't either even if it re-submitted to generic_make_request(),
but both will produce completion events, each for their own range.

So if generic_make_request() is called (which generates a QUEUED
event), then bi_endio() will create a single COMPLETE event for each
range that the bio is split into, unless the driver has explicitly
requested it not to.

Signed-off-by: NeilBrown <neilb@suse.com>
---
block/bio.c | 13 +++++++++++++
block/blk-core.c | 10 +++++++++-
drivers/md/dm.c | 1 -
drivers/md/raid5.c | 8 --------
include/linux/blk_types.h | 4 +++-
5 files changed, 25 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/bio.c b/block/bio.c
index 5eec5e08417f..c1272986133e 100644
--- a/block/bio.c
+++ b/block/bio.c
@@ -1818,6 +1818,11 @@ static inline bool bio_remaining_done(struct bio *bio)
* bio_endio() will end I/O on the whole bio. bio_endio() is the preferred
* way to end I/O on a bio. No one should call bi_end_io() directly on a
* bio unless they own it and thus know that it has an end_io function.
+ *
+ * bio_endio() can be called several times on a bio that has been chained
+ * using bio_chain(). The ->bi_end_io() function will only be call the
+ * last time. At this point the BLK_TA_COMPLETE tracing event will be
+ * generated if BIO_TRACE_COMPLETION is set.
**/
void bio_endio(struct bio *bio)
{
@@ -1838,6 +1843,11 @@ void bio_endio(struct bio *bio)
goto again;
}

+ if (bio->bi_bdev && bio_flagged(bio, BIO_TRACE_COMPLETION)) {
+ trace_block_bio_complete(bdev_get_queue(bio->bi_bdev),
+ bio, bio->bi_error);
+ bio_clear_flag(bio, BIO_TRACE_COMPLETION);
+ }
if (bio->bi_end_io)
bio->bi_end_io(bio);
}
@@ -1876,6 +1886,9 @@ struct bio *bio_split(struct bio *bio, int sectors,

bio_advance(bio, split->bi_iter.bi_size);

+ if (bio_flagged(bio, BIO_TRACE_COMPLETION))
+ bio_set_flag(bio, BIO_TRACE_COMPLETION);
+
return split;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bio_split);
diff --git a/block/blk-core.c b/block/blk-core.c
index 0eeb99ef654f..b34b5b1b1bbf 100644
--- a/block/blk-core.c
+++ b/block/blk-core.c
@@ -1936,7 +1936,13 @@ generic_make_request_checks(struct bio *bio)
if (!blkcg_bio_issue_check(q, bio))
return false;

- trace_block_bio_queue(q, bio);
+ if (!bio_flagged(bio, BIO_TRACE_COMPLETION)) {
+ trace_block_bio_queue(q, bio);
+ /* Now that enqueuing has been traced, we need to trace
+ * completion as well.
+ */
+ bio_set_flag(bio, BIO_TRACE_COMPLETION);
+ }
return true;

not_supported:
@@ -2595,6 +2601,8 @@ bool blk_update_request(struct request *req, int error, unsigned int nr_bytes)
if (bio_bytes == bio->bi_iter.bi_size)
req->bio = bio->bi_next;

+ /* Completion has already been traced */
+ bio_clear_flag(bio, BIO_TRACE_COMPLETION);
req_bio_endio(req, bio, bio_bytes, error);

total_bytes += bio_bytes;
diff --git a/drivers/md/dm.c b/drivers/md/dm.c
index f4ffd1eb8f44..f5f09ace690a 100644
--- a/drivers/md/dm.c
+++ b/drivers/md/dm.c
@@ -810,7 +810,6 @@ static void dec_pending(struct dm_io *io, int error)
queue_io(md, bio);
} else {
/* done with normal IO or empty flush */
- trace_block_bio_complete(md->queue, bio, io_error);
bio->bi_error = io_error;
bio_endio(bio);
}
diff --git a/drivers/md/raid5.c b/drivers/md/raid5.c
index 9a3b7da34137..f684cb566721 100644
--- a/drivers/md/raid5.c
+++ b/drivers/md/raid5.c
@@ -5141,8 +5141,6 @@ static void raid5_align_endio(struct bio *bi)
rdev_dec_pending(rdev, conf->mddev);

if (!error) {
- trace_block_bio_complete(bdev_get_queue(raid_bi->bi_bdev),
- raid_bi, 0);
bio_endio(raid_bi);
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&conf->active_aligned_reads))
wake_up(&conf->wait_for_quiescent);
@@ -5727,10 +5725,6 @@ static void raid5_make_request(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio * bi)
md_write_end(mddev);
remaining = raid5_dec_bi_active_stripes(bi);
if (remaining == 0) {
-
-
- trace_block_bio_complete(bdev_get_queue(bi->bi_bdev),
- bi, 0);
bio_endio(bi);
}
}
@@ -6138,8 +6132,6 @@ static int retry_aligned_read(struct r5conf *conf, struct bio *raid_bio)
}
remaining = raid5_dec_bi_active_stripes(raid_bio);
if (remaining == 0) {
- trace_block_bio_complete(bdev_get_queue(raid_bio->bi_bdev),
- raid_bio, 0);
bio_endio(raid_bio);
}
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&conf->active_aligned_reads))
diff --git a/include/linux/blk_types.h b/include/linux/blk_types.h
index d703acb55d0f..db7a57ee0e58 100644
--- a/include/linux/blk_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/blk_types.h
@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@ struct bio {
* top bits REQ_OP. Use
* accessors.
*/
- unsigned short bi_flags; /* status, command, etc */
+ unsigned short bi_flags; /* status, etc */
unsigned short bi_ioprio;

struct bvec_iter bi_iter;
@@ -102,6 +102,8 @@ struct bio {
#define BIO_REFFED 8 /* bio has elevated ->bi_cnt */
#define BIO_THROTTLED 9 /* This bio has already been subjected to
* throttling rules. Don't do it again. */
+#define BIO_TRACE_COMPLETION 10 /* bio_endio() should trace the final completion
+ * of this bio. */

/*
* Flags starting here get preserved by bio_reset() - this includes
--
2.12.0
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