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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 1/2] iio: pressure: mpl3115: do not rely on structure field ordering
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On 01/02/17 20:40, Peter Rosin wrote:
> Fixes a regression triggered by a change in the layout of
> struct iio_chan_spec, but the real bug is in the driver which assumed
> a specific structure layout in the first place. Hint: the two bits were
> not OR:ed together as implied by the indentation prior to this patch,
> there was a comma between them, which accidentally moved the ..._SCALE
> bit to the next structure field. That field was .info_mask_shared_by_type
> before the _available attributes was added by commit 51239600074b
> ("iio:core: add a callback to allow drivers to provide _available
> attributes") and .info_mask_separate_available afterwards, and the
> regression happened.
>
> info_mask_shared_by_type is actually a better choice than the originally
> intended info_mask_separate for the ..._SCALE bit since a constant is
> returned from mpl3115_read_raw for the scale. Using
> info_mask_shared_by_type also preserves the behavior from before the
> regression and is therefore less likely to cause other interesting side
> effects.
>
> The above mentioned regression causes an unintended sysfs attibute to
> show up that is not backed by code, in turn causing the following NULL
> pointer defererence to happen on access.
>
> # cat /sys/bus/iio/devices/iio\:device1/in_pressure_scale_available
> Segmentation fault
>
> Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual address 00000000
> pgd = ecc3c000
> [00000000] *pgd=87f91831
> Internal error: Oops: 80000007 [#1] SMP ARM
> Modules linked in:
> CPU: 1 PID: 1051 Comm: cat Not tainted 4.10.0-rc5-00009-gffd8858-dirty #3
> Hardware name: Freescale i.MX6 Quad/DualLite (Device Tree)
> task: ed54ec00 task.stack: ee2bc000
> PC is at 0x0
> LR is at iio_read_channel_info_avail+0x40/0x280
> pc : [<00000000>] lr : [<c06fbc1c>] psr: a0070013
> sp : ee2bdda8 ip : 00000000 fp : ee2bddf4
> r10: c0a53c74 r9 : ed79f000 r8 : ee8d1018
> r7 : 00001000 r6 : 00000fff r5 : ee8b9a00 r4 : ed79f000
> r3 : ee2bddc4 r2 : ee2bddbc r1 : c0a86dcc r0 : ee8d1000
> Flags: NzCv IRQs on FIQs on Mode SVC_32 ISA ARM Segment none
> Control: 10c5387d Table: 3cc3c04a DAC: 00000051
> Process cat (pid: 1051, stack limit = 0xee2bc210)
> Stack: (0xee2bdda8 to 0xee2be000)
> dda0: ee2bddc0 00000002 c016d720 c016d394 ed54ec00 00000000
> ddc0: 60070013 ed413780 00000001 edffd480 ee8b9a00 00000fff 00001000 ee8d1018
> dde0: ed79f000 c0a53c74 ee2bde0c ee2bddf8 c0513c58 c06fbbe8 edffd480 edffd540
> de00: ee2bde3c ee2bde10 c0293474 c0513c40 c02933e4 ee2bde60 00000001 ed413780
> de20: 00000001 ed413780 00000000 edffd480 ee2bde4c ee2bde40 c0291d00 c02933f0
> de40: ee2bde9c ee2bde50 c024679c c0291ce0 edffd4b0 b6e37000 00020000 ee2bdf78
> de60: 00000000 00000000 ed54ec00 ed013200 00000817 c0a111fc edffd540 ed413780
> de80: b6e37000 00020000 00020000 ee2bdf78 ee2bded4 ee2bdea0 c0292890 c0246604
> dea0: c0117940 c016ba50 00000025 c0a111fc b6e37000 ed413780 ee2bdf78 00020000
> dec0: ee2bc000 b6e37000 ee2bdf44 ee2bded8 c021d158 c0292770 c0117764 b6e36004
> dee0: c0f0d7c4 ee2bdfb0 b6f89228 00021008 ee2bdfac ee2bdf00 c0101374 c0117770
> df00: 00000000 00000000 ee2bc000 00000000 ee2bdf34 ee2bdf20 c016ba04 c0171080
> df20: 00000000 00020000 ed413780 b6e37000 00000000 ee2bdf78 ee2bdf74 ee2bdf48
> df40: c021e7a0 c021d130 c023e300 c023e280 ee2bdf74 00000000 00000000 ed413780
> df60: ed413780 00020000 ee2bdfa4 ee2bdf78 c021e870 c021e71c 00000000 00000000
> df80: 00020000 00020000 b6e37000 00000003 c0108084 00000000 00000000 ee2bdfa8
> dfa0: c0107ee0 c021e838 00020000 00020000 00000003 b6e37000 00020000 0001a2b4
> dfc0: 00020000 00020000 b6e37000 00000003 7fffe000 00000000 00000000 00020000
> dfe0: 00000000 be98eb4c 0000c740 b6f1985c 60070010 00000003 00000000 00000000
> Backtrace:
> [<c06fbbdc>] (iio_read_channel_info_avail) from [<c0513c58>] (dev_attr_show+0x24/0x50)
> r10:c0a53c74 r9:ed79f000 r8:ee8d1018 r7:00001000 r6:00000fff r5:ee8b9a00
> r4:edffd480
> [<c0513c34>] (dev_attr_show) from [<c0293474>] (sysfs_kf_seq_show+0x90/0x110)
> r5:edffd540 r4:edffd480
> [<c02933e4>] (sysfs_kf_seq_show) from [<c0291d00>] (kernfs_seq_show+0x2c/0x30)
> r10:edffd480 r9:00000000 r8:ed413780 r7:00000001 r6:ed413780 r5:00000001
> r4:ee2bde60 r3:c02933e4
> [<c0291cd4>] (kernfs_seq_show) from [<c024679c>] (seq_read+0x1a4/0x4e0)
> [<c02465f8>] (seq_read) from [<c0292890>] (kernfs_fop_read+0x12c/0x1cc)
> r10:ee2bdf78 r9:00020000 r8:00020000 r7:b6e37000 r6:ed413780 r5:edffd540
> r4:c0a111fc
> [<c0292764>] (kernfs_fop_read) from [<c021d158>] (__vfs_read+0x34/0x118)
> r10:b6e37000 r9:ee2bc000 r8:00020000 r7:ee2bdf78 r6:ed413780 r5:b6e37000
> r4:c0a111fc
> [<c021d124>] (__vfs_read) from [<c021e7a0>] (vfs_read+0x90/0x11c)
> r8:ee2bdf78 r7:00000000 r6:b6e37000 r5:ed413780 r4:00020000
> [<c021e710>] (vfs_read) from [<c021e870>] (SyS_read+0x44/0x90)
> r8:00020000 r7:ed413780 r6:ed413780 r5:00000000 r4:00000000
> [<c021e82c>] (SyS_read) from [<c0107ee0>] (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x1c)
> r10:00000000 r8:c0108084 r7:00000003 r6:b6e37000 r5:00020000 r4:00020000
> Code: bad PC value
> ---[ end trace 9c4938ccd0389004 ]---
>
> Fixes: cc26ad455f57 ("iio: Add Freescale MPL3115A2 pressure / temperature sensor driver")
> Fixes: 51239600074b ("iio:core: add a callback to allow drivers to provide _available attributes")
> Reported-by: Ken Lin <ken.lin@advantech.com>
> Tested-by: Ken Lin <ken.lin@advantech.com>
> Signed-off-by: Peter Rosin <peda@axentia.se>
Applied to the fixes-togreg branch of iio.git.

I'll probably get a pull request out for these later today as would be
nice to avoid the regression reaching a release.

Jonathan
> ---
> drivers/iio/pressure/mpl3115.c | 4 ++--
> 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/iio/pressure/mpl3115.c b/drivers/iio/pressure/mpl3115.c
> index cc3f84139157..525644a7442d 100644
> --- a/drivers/iio/pressure/mpl3115.c
> +++ b/drivers/iio/pressure/mpl3115.c
> @@ -190,7 +190,7 @@ static const struct iio_chan_spec mpl3115_channels[] = {
> {
> .type = IIO_PRESSURE,
> .info_mask_separate = BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_RAW),
> - BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_SCALE),
> + .info_mask_shared_by_type = BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_SCALE),
> .scan_index = 0,
> .scan_type = {
> .sign = 'u',
> @@ -203,7 +203,7 @@ static const struct iio_chan_spec mpl3115_channels[] = {
> {
> .type = IIO_TEMP,
> .info_mask_separate = BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_RAW),
> - BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_SCALE),
> + .info_mask_shared_by_type = BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_SCALE),
> .scan_index = 1,
> .scan_type = {
> .sign = 's',
>

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