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SubjectRe: [PATCH V8 05/10] acpi: apei: handle SEA notification type for ARMv8
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Hello James,


On 2/3/2017 9:00 AM, James Morse wrote:
> On 01/02/17 17:16, Tyler Baicar wrote:
>> ARM APEI extension proposal added SEA (Synchronous External Abort)
>> notification type for ARMv8.
>> Add a new GHES error source handling function for SEA. If an error
>> source's notification type is SEA, then this function can be registered
>> into the SEA exception handler. That way GHES will parse and report
>> SEA exceptions when they occur.
> It's worth adding details of the other things this patch changes, just to alert
> busy reviewers, something like:
> An SEA can interrupt code that had interrupts masked and is treated as an NMI.
> To aid this the page of address space for mapping APEI buffers while in_nmi() is
> always reserved, and ghes_ioremap_pfn_nmi() is changed to use the helper methods
> to find the prot_t to map with in the same way as ghes_ioremap_pfn_irq().
I'll add this in in the next version.
>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
>> index 1117421..f92778d 100644
>> --- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
>> +++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
>> @@ -53,6 +53,8 @@ config ARM64
>> select HANDLE_DOMAIN_IRQ
>> select HARDIRQS_SW_RESEND
>> select HAVE_ACPI_APEI if (ACPI && EFI)
>> + select HAVE_ACPI_APEI_SEA if (ACPI && EFI)
>> + select HAVE_NMI if HAVE_ACPI_APEI_SEA
> Nit: This section of the file is largely in alphabetical order, can we try to
> keep it that way?!
Yes, will do!
>> select HAVE_ALIGNED_STRUCT_PAGE if SLUB
>> select HAVE_ARCH_AUDITSYSCALL
>> select HAVE_ARCH_BITREVERSE
>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c b/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
>> index 9ae7e65..5a5a096 100644
>> --- a/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
>> +++ b/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
>> @@ -30,6 +30,7 @@
>> #include <linux/highmem.h>
>> #include <linux/perf_event.h>
>> #include <linux/preempt.h>
>> +#include <linux/hardirq.h>
> This header is already included by this file further up.
Oops, guess I missed that :)
>>
>> #include <asm/bug.h>
>> #include <asm/cpufeature.h>
>> @@ -41,6 +42,8 @@
>> #include <asm/pgtable.h>
>> #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
>>
>> +#include <acpi/ghes.h>
>> +
>> static const char *fault_name(unsigned int esr);
>>
>> #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES
>> @@ -500,6 +503,14 @@ static int do_sea(unsigned long addr, unsigned int esr, struct pt_regs *regs)
>> pr_err("Synchronous External Abort: %s (0x%08x) at 0x%016lx\n",
>> fault_name(esr), esr, addr);
>>
>> + /*
>> + * synchronize_rcu() will wait for nmi_exit(), so no need to
>> + * rcu_read_lock().
>> + */
> This comment should go against the use of RCU in ghes_notify_sea(), but there
> should be something here to explain the surprise use of nmi. Something like:
> Synchronous aborts may interrupt code which had interrupts masked. Before
> calling out into the wider kernel tell the interested subsystems.
Sounds good. I'll update the comments.
> This should be wrapped in:
> if (IS_ENABLED(HAVE_ACPI_APEI_SEA)) {
>
>> + nmi_enter();
>> + ghes_notify_sea();
>> + nmi_exit();
> }
>
> To avoid breaking systems that don't have SEA configured.
Yes, I'll add that check in the next version.
>> +
>> info.si_signo = SIGBUS;
>> info.si_errno = 0;
>> info.si_code = 0;
>> diff --git a/drivers/acpi/apei/Kconfig b/drivers/acpi/apei/Kconfig
>> index b0140c8..3786ff1 100644
>> --- a/drivers/acpi/apei/Kconfig
>> +++ b/drivers/acpi/apei/Kconfig
>> @@ -4,6 +4,20 @@ config HAVE_ACPI_APEI
>> config HAVE_ACPI_APEI_NMI
>> bool
>>
>> +config HAVE_ACPI_APEI_SEA
>> + bool "APEI Synchronous External Abort logging/recovering support"
>> + depends on ARM64
> depends on CONFIG_ACPI_APEI_GHES
> ?
>
> (I think this is what the kbuild robot has managed to miss out!)
Will do.
>> + help
>> + This option should be enabled if the system supports
>> + firmware first handling of SEA (Synchronous External Abort).
>> + SEA happens with certain faults of data abort or instruction
>> + abort synchronous exceptions on ARMv8 systems. If a system
>> + supports firmware first handling of SEA, the platform analyzes
>> + and handles hardware error notifications with SEA, and it may then
> Nit: notifications from SEA,
Will do.
>> + form a HW error record for the OS to parse and handle. This
>> + option allows the OS to look for such HW error record, and
> Nit: 'HW'->hardware. This is spelled out for the other seven uses in the file.
Will do.
>> + take appropriate action.
>> +
>> config ACPI_APEI
>> bool "ACPI Platform Error Interface (APEI)"
>> select MISC_FILESYSTEMS
>> diff --git a/drivers/acpi/apei/ghes.c b/drivers/acpi/apei/ghes.c
>> index b25e7cf..8756172 100644
>> --- a/drivers/acpi/apei/ghes.c
>> +++ b/drivers/acpi/apei/ghes.c
>> @@ -114,11 +114,7 @@
>> * Two virtual pages are used, one for IRQ/PROCESS context, the other for
>> * NMI context (optionally).
>> */
>> -#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ACPI_APEI_NMI
>> #define GHES_IOREMAP_PAGES 2
>> -#else
>> -#define GHES_IOREMAP_PAGES 1
>> -#endif
>> #define GHES_IOREMAP_IRQ_PAGE(base) (base)
>> #define GHES_IOREMAP_NMI_PAGE(base) ((base) + PAGE_SIZE)
>>
>> @@ -156,11 +152,14 @@ static void ghes_ioremap_exit(void)
>>
>> static void __iomem *ghes_ioremap_pfn_nmi(u64 pfn)
>> {
>> - unsigned long vaddr;
>> + unsigned long vaddr, paddr;
>> + pgprot_t prot;
>>
>> vaddr = (unsigned long)GHES_IOREMAP_NMI_PAGE(ghes_ioremap_area->addr);
>> - ioremap_page_range(vaddr, vaddr + PAGE_SIZE,
>> - pfn << PAGE_SHIFT, PAGE_KERNEL);
>> +
>> + paddr = pfn << PAGE_SHIFT;
> Physical addresses might not always fit in 'unsigned long'. phys_addr_t exists
> to hide this nasty detail!
>
> From arch/x86/Kconfig:
>> config ARCH_PHYS_ADDR_T_64BIT
>> def_bool y
>> depends on X86_64 || X86_PAE
> 32bit x86 kernels configured with PAE define phys_addr_t to be u64.
I'll make that change.

ghes_ioremap_pfn_irq() should probably be updated in a separate change
because it uses unsigned
long for it's paddr...I just mimicked that code here :)
>> + prot = arch_apei_get_mem_attribute(paddr);
>> + ioremap_page_range(vaddr, vaddr + PAGE_SIZE, paddr, prot);
>>
>> return (void __iomem *)vaddr;
>> }
>> @@ -767,6 +766,48 @@ static int ghes_notify_sci(struct notifier_block *this,
>> .notifier_call = ghes_notify_sci,
>> };
>>
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ACPI_APEI_SEA
>> +static LIST_HEAD(ghes_sea);
>> +
>> +void ghes_notify_sea(void)
>> +{
>> + struct ghes *ghes;
>> +
> /*
> * synchronize_rcu() will wait for nmi_exit(), so no need to
> * rcu_read_lock().
> */
>
>> + list_for_each_entry_rcu(ghes, &ghes_sea, list) {
>> + ghes_proc(ghes);
>> + }
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int ghes_sea_add(struct ghes *ghes)
>> +{
>> + mutex_lock(&ghes_list_mutex);
>> + list_add_rcu(&ghes->list, &ghes_sea);
>> + mutex_unlock(&ghes_list_mutex);
>> + return 0;
> This function returns 0 or -ENOTSUPP, depending on CONFIG_HAVE_ACPI_APEI_SEA,
> but ...
>
>
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void ghes_sea_remove(struct ghes *ghes)
>> +{
>> + mutex_lock(&ghes_list_mutex);
>> + list_del_rcu(&ghes->list);
>> + mutex_unlock(&ghes_list_mutex);
>> + synchronize_rcu();
>> +}
>> +#else /* CONFIG_HAVE_ACPI_APEI_SEA */
>> +static inline int ghes_sea_add(struct ghes *ghes)
>> +{
>> + pr_err(GHES_PFX "ID: %d, trying to add SEA notification which is not supported\n",
>> + ghes->generic->header.source_id);
>> + return -ENOTSUPP;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static inline void ghes_sea_remove(struct ghes *ghes)
>> +{
>> + pr_err(GHES_PFX "ID: %d, trying to remove SEA notification which is not supported\n",
>> + ghes->generic->header.source_id);
>> +}
>> +#endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ACPI_APEI_SEA */
>> +
>> #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ACPI_APEI_NMI
>> /*
>> * printk is not safe in NMI context. So in NMI handler, we allocate
>> @@ -1012,6 +1053,14 @@ static int ghes_probe(struct platform_device *ghes_dev)
>> case ACPI_HEST_NOTIFY_EXTERNAL:
>> case ACPI_HEST_NOTIFY_SCI:
>> break;
>> + case ACPI_HEST_NOTIFY_SEA:
>> + if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HAVE_ACPI_APEI_SEA)) {
>> + pr_warn(GHES_PFX "Generic hardware error source: %d notified via SEA is not supported\n",
>> + generic->header.source_id);
>> + rc = -ENOTSUPP;
>> + goto err;
> ... here we jump out of ghes_probe() if NOTIFY_SEA is used but the kernel wasn't
> built with CONFIG_HAVE_ACPI_APEI_SEA....
>
>
>> + }
>> + break;
>> case ACPI_HEST_NOTIFY_NMI:
>> if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HAVE_ACPI_APEI_NMI)) {
>> pr_warn(GHES_PFX "Generic hardware error source: %d notified via NMI interrupt is not supported!\n",
>> @@ -1023,6 +1072,13 @@ static int ghes_probe(struct platform_device *ghes_dev)
>> pr_warning(GHES_PFX "Generic hardware error source: %d notified via local interrupt is not supported!\n",
>> generic->header.source_id);
>> goto err;
>> + case ACPI_HEST_NOTIFY_GPIO:
>> + case ACPI_HEST_NOTIFY_SEI:
>> + case ACPI_HEST_NOTIFY_GSIV:
>> + pr_warn(GHES_PFX "Generic hardware error source: %d notified via notification type %u is not supported\n",
>> + generic->header.source_id, generic->header.source_id);
>> + rc = -ENOTSUPP;
>> + goto err;
>> default:
>> pr_warning(FW_WARN GHES_PFX "Unknown notification type: %u for generic hardware error source: %d\n",
>> generic->notify.type, generic->header.source_id);
>> @@ -1077,6 +1133,11 @@ static int ghes_probe(struct platform_device *ghes_dev)
>> list_add_rcu(&ghes->list, &ghes_sci);
>> mutex_unlock(&ghes_list_mutex);
>> break;
>> + case ACPI_HEST_NOTIFY_SEA:
>> + rc = ghes_sea_add(ghes);
> ... so this error handling will never be needed.
> ghes_nmi_add() returns void.
>
> I guess the not-configured versions of the symbols need to exist for older
> compilers that can't work out that this can never be called.
I can remove the extra error handling here.
>> + if (rc)
>> + goto err_edac_unreg;
>> + break;
>> case ACPI_HEST_NOTIFY_NMI:
>> ghes_nmi_add(ghes);
>> break;
>> @@ -1119,6 +1180,9 @@ static int ghes_remove(struct platform_device *ghes_dev)
>> unregister_acpi_hed_notifier(&ghes_notifier_sci);
>> mutex_unlock(&ghes_list_mutex);
>> break;
>> + case ACPI_HEST_NOTIFY_SEA:
>> + ghes_sea_remove(ghes);
>> + break;
>> case ACPI_HEST_NOTIFY_NMI:
>> ghes_nmi_remove(ghes);
>> break;
>> diff --git a/include/acpi/ghes.h b/include/acpi/ghes.h
>> index 6ae318b..adf5455 100644
>> --- a/include/acpi/ghes.h
>> +++ b/include/acpi/ghes.h
>> @@ -95,3 +95,5 @@ static inline void *acpi_hest_generic_data_payload(struct acpi_hest_generic_data
>> (void *)(((struct acpi_hest_generic_data_v300 *)(gdata)) + 1) :
>> gdata + 1;
>> }
>> +
>> +void ghes_notify_sea(void);
>>
> This header file ought to have an include guard, could you add one?
>
> I think the kbuild-robot has managed to configure SEA on, but GHES off so ghes.c
> isn't included in the kernel. I will dig some more into this on Monday.
Yes, I can add that.

Thanks for all the great reviewing :)

Tyler

--
Qualcomm Datacenter Technologies, Inc. as an affiliate of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.
Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. is a member of the Code Aurora Forum,
a Linux Foundation Collaborative Project.

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