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Subject[PATCH v3] scsi, block: fix duplicate bdi name registration crashes
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Warnings of the following form occur because scsi reuses a devt number
while the block layer still has it referenced as the name of the bdi
[1]:

WARNING: CPU: 1 PID: 93 at fs/sysfs/dir.c:31 sysfs_warn_dup+0x62/0x80
sysfs: cannot create duplicate filename '/devices/virtual/bdi/8:192'
[..]
Call Trace:
dump_stack+0x86/0xc3
__warn+0xcb/0xf0
warn_slowpath_fmt+0x5f/0x80
? kernfs_path_from_node+0x4f/0x60
sysfs_warn_dup+0x62/0x80
sysfs_create_dir_ns+0x77/0x90
kobject_add_internal+0xb2/0x350
kobject_add+0x75/0xd0
device_add+0x15a/0x650
device_create_groups_vargs+0xe0/0xf0
device_create_vargs+0x1c/0x20
bdi_register+0x90/0x240
? lockdep_init_map+0x57/0x200
bdi_register_owner+0x36/0x60
device_add_disk+0x1bb/0x4e0
? __pm_runtime_use_autosuspend+0x5c/0x70
sd_probe_async+0x10d/0x1c0
async_run_entry_fn+0x39/0x170

This is a brute-force fix to pass the devt release information from
sd_probe() to the locations where we register the bdi,
device_add_disk(), and unregister the bdi, blk_cleanup_queue().

Thanks to Omar for the quick reproducer script [2]. This patch survives
where an unmodified kernel fails in a few seconds.

[1]: https://marc.info/?l=linux-scsi&m=147116857810716&w=4
[2]: http://marc.info/?l=linux-block&m=148554717109098&w=2

Cc: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@hansenpartnership.com>
Cc: Bart Van Assche <bart.vanassche@sandisk.com>
Cc: "Martin K. Petersen" <martin.petersen@oracle.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Reported-by: Omar Sandoval <osandov@osandov.com>
Tested-by: Omar Sandoval <osandov@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
---
Changes in v3:
* un-inline {get,put}_disk_devt() (Bart)
* added Omar's tested-by from v2

Changes in v2:
* rebased on top of Jan's bdi lifetime series
* replace kref_{get,put}() with atomic_{inc,dec_and_test} (Christoph)

block/blk-core.c | 1 +
block/genhd.c | 21 +++++++++++++++++++++
drivers/scsi/sd.c | 41 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
include/linux/blkdev.h | 1 +
include/linux/genhd.h | 8 ++++++++
5 files changed, 64 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/blk-core.c b/block/blk-core.c
index 84fabb51714a..0cd6b3c4b41c 100644
--- a/block/blk-core.c
+++ b/block/blk-core.c
@@ -595,6 +595,7 @@ void blk_cleanup_queue(struct request_queue *q)
spin_unlock_irq(lock);

bdi_unregister(q->backing_dev_info);
+ put_disk_devt(q->disk_devt);

/* @q is and will stay empty, shutdown and put */
blk_put_queue(q);
diff --git a/block/genhd.c b/block/genhd.c
index d9ccd42f3675..3631cd480295 100644
--- a/block/genhd.c
+++ b/block/genhd.c
@@ -572,6 +572,20 @@ static void register_disk(struct device *parent, struct gendisk *disk)
disk_part_iter_exit(&piter);
}

+void put_disk_devt(struct disk_devt *disk_devt)
+{
+ if (disk_devt && atomic_dec_and_test(&disk_devt->count))
+ disk_devt->release(disk_devt);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(put_disk_devt);
+
+void get_disk_devt(struct disk_devt *disk_devt)
+{
+ if (disk_devt)
+ atomic_inc(&disk_devt->count);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_disk_devt);
+
/**
* device_add_disk - add partitioning information to kernel list
* @parent: parent device for the disk
@@ -612,6 +626,13 @@ void device_add_disk(struct device *parent, struct gendisk *disk)

disk_alloc_events(disk);

+ /*
+ * Take a reference on the devt and assign it to queue since it
+ * must not be reallocated while the bdi is registered
+ */
+ disk->queue->disk_devt = disk->disk_devt;
+ get_disk_devt(disk->disk_devt);
+
/* Register BDI before referencing it from bdev */
bdi = disk->queue->backing_dev_info;
bdi_register_owner(bdi, disk_to_dev(disk));
diff --git a/drivers/scsi/sd.c b/drivers/scsi/sd.c
index 0b09638fa39b..102111e730ce 100644
--- a/drivers/scsi/sd.c
+++ b/drivers/scsi/sd.c
@@ -3067,6 +3067,23 @@ static void sd_probe_async(void *data, async_cookie_t cookie)
put_device(&sdkp->dev);
}

+struct sd_devt {
+ int idx;
+ struct disk_devt disk_devt;
+};
+
+void sd_devt_release(struct disk_devt *disk_devt)
+{
+ struct sd_devt *sd_devt = container_of(disk_devt, struct sd_devt,
+ disk_devt);
+
+ spin_lock(&sd_index_lock);
+ ida_remove(&sd_index_ida, sd_devt->idx);
+ spin_unlock(&sd_index_lock);
+
+ kfree(sd_devt);
+}
+
/**
* sd_probe - called during driver initialization and whenever a
* new scsi device is attached to the system. It is called once
@@ -3088,6 +3105,7 @@ static void sd_probe_async(void *data, async_cookie_t cookie)
static int sd_probe(struct device *dev)
{
struct scsi_device *sdp = to_scsi_device(dev);
+ struct sd_devt *sd_devt;
struct scsi_disk *sdkp;
struct gendisk *gd;
int index;
@@ -3113,9 +3131,13 @@ static int sd_probe(struct device *dev)
if (!sdkp)
goto out;

+ sd_devt = kzalloc(sizeof(*sd_devt), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!sd_devt)
+ goto out_free;
+
gd = alloc_disk(SD_MINORS);
if (!gd)
- goto out_free;
+ goto out_free_devt;

do {
if (!ida_pre_get(&sd_index_ida, GFP_KERNEL))
@@ -3131,6 +3153,11 @@ static int sd_probe(struct device *dev)
goto out_put;
}

+ atomic_set(&sd_devt->disk_devt.count, 1);
+ sd_devt->disk_devt.release = sd_devt_release;
+ sd_devt->idx = index;
+ gd->disk_devt = &sd_devt->disk_devt;
+
error = sd_format_disk_name("sd", index, gd->disk_name, DISK_NAME_LEN);
if (error) {
sdev_printk(KERN_WARNING, sdp, "SCSI disk (sd) name length exceeded.\n");
@@ -3170,13 +3197,14 @@ static int sd_probe(struct device *dev)
return 0;

out_free_index:
- spin_lock(&sd_index_lock);
- ida_remove(&sd_index_ida, index);
- spin_unlock(&sd_index_lock);
+ put_disk_devt(&sd_devt->disk_devt);
+ sd_devt = NULL;
out_put:
put_disk(gd);
out_free:
kfree(sdkp);
+ out_free_devt:
+ kfree(sd_devt);
out:
scsi_autopm_put_device(sdp);
return error;
@@ -3235,10 +3263,7 @@ static void scsi_disk_release(struct device *dev)
struct scsi_disk *sdkp = to_scsi_disk(dev);
struct gendisk *disk = sdkp->disk;

- spin_lock(&sd_index_lock);
- ida_remove(&sd_index_ida, sdkp->index);
- spin_unlock(&sd_index_lock);
-
+ put_disk_devt(disk->disk_devt);
disk->private_data = NULL;
put_disk(disk);
put_device(&sdkp->device->sdev_gendev);
diff --git a/include/linux/blkdev.h b/include/linux/blkdev.h
index 3c0ff78b1219..53195a4d597a 100644
--- a/include/linux/blkdev.h
+++ b/include/linux/blkdev.h
@@ -433,6 +433,7 @@ struct request_queue {
struct delayed_work delay_work;

struct backing_dev_info *backing_dev_info;
+ struct disk_devt *disk_devt;

/*
* The queue owner gets to use this for whatever they like.
diff --git a/include/linux/genhd.h b/include/linux/genhd.h
index 76f39754e7b0..a999d281a2f1 100644
--- a/include/linux/genhd.h
+++ b/include/linux/genhd.h
@@ -167,6 +167,13 @@ struct blk_integrity {
};

#endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */
+struct disk_devt {
+ atomic_t count;
+ void (*release)(struct disk_devt *disk_devt);
+};
+
+void put_disk_devt(struct disk_devt *disk_devt);
+void get_disk_devt(struct disk_devt *disk_devt);

struct gendisk {
/* major, first_minor and minors are input parameters only,
@@ -176,6 +183,7 @@ struct gendisk {
int first_minor;
int minors; /* maximum number of minors, =1 for
* disks that can't be partitioned. */
+ struct disk_devt *disk_devt;

char disk_name[DISK_NAME_LEN]; /* name of major driver */
char *(*devnode)(struct gendisk *gd, umode_t *mode);
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