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Subject[patch 20/60] x86/entry/64: Move the IST stacks into struct cpu_entry_area
From: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>

The IST stacks are needed when an IST exception occurs and are accessed
before any kernel code at all runs. Move them into struct cpu_entry_area.

The IST stacks are unlike the rest of cpu_entry_area: they're used even for
entries from kernel mode. This means that they should be set up before we
load the final IDT. Move cpu_entry_area setup to trap_init() for the boot
CPU and set it up for all possible CPUs at once in native_smp_prepare_cpus().

Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/0ffddccdc0ce1953f950a553142662cf68258fb7.1511497875.git.luto@kernel.org

---
arch/x86/include/asm/fixmap.h | 12 ++++++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c | 74 +++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------
arch/x86/kernel/traps.c | 3 +
3 files changed, 57 insertions(+), 32 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/fixmap.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/fixmap.h
@@ -63,10 +63,22 @@ struct cpu_entry_area {
struct tss_struct tss;

char entry_trampoline[PAGE_SIZE];
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+ /*
+ * Exception stacks used for IST entries.
+ *
+ * In the future, this should have a separate slot for each stack
+ * with guard pages between them.
+ */
+ char exception_stacks[(N_EXCEPTION_STACKS - 1) * EXCEPTION_STKSZ + DEBUG_STKSZ];
+#endif
};

#define CPU_ENTRY_AREA_PAGES (sizeof(struct cpu_entry_area) / PAGE_SIZE)

+extern void setup_cpu_entry_areas(void);
+
/*
* Here we define all the compile-time 'special' virtual
* addresses. The point is to have a constant address at
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
@@ -490,24 +490,36 @@ void load_percpu_segment(int cpu)
load_stack_canary_segment();
}

-static void set_percpu_fixmap_pages(int fixmap_index, void *ptr,
- int pages, pgprot_t prot)
-{
- int i;
-
- for (i = 0; i < pages; i++) {
- __set_fixmap(fixmap_index - i,
- per_cpu_ptr_to_phys(ptr + i * PAGE_SIZE), prot);
- }
-}
-
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
/* The 32-bit entry code needs to find cpu_entry_area. */
DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct cpu_entry_area *, cpu_entry_area);
#endif

+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+/*
+ * Special IST stacks which the CPU switches to when it calls
+ * an IST-marked descriptor entry. Up to 7 stacks (hardware
+ * limit), all of them are 4K, except the debug stack which
+ * is 8K.
+ */
+static const unsigned int exception_stack_sizes[N_EXCEPTION_STACKS] = {
+ [0 ... N_EXCEPTION_STACKS - 1] = EXCEPTION_STKSZ,
+ [DEBUG_STACK - 1] = DEBUG_STKSZ
+};
+
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU_PAGE_ALIGNED(char, exception_stacks
+ [(N_EXCEPTION_STACKS - 1) * EXCEPTION_STKSZ + DEBUG_STKSZ]);
+#endif
+
+static void __init
+set_percpu_fixmap_pages(int idx, void *ptr, int pages, pgprot_t prot)
+{
+ for ( ; pages; pages--, idx--, ptr += PAGE_SIZE)
+ __set_fixmap(idx, per_cpu_ptr_to_phys(ptr), prot);
+}
+
/* Setup the fixmap mappings only once per-processor */
-static inline void setup_cpu_entry_area(int cpu)
+static void __init setup_cpu_entry_area(int cpu)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
extern char _entry_trampoline[];
@@ -556,15 +568,31 @@ static inline void setup_cpu_entry_area(
PAGE_KERNEL);

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
- this_cpu_write(cpu_entry_area, get_cpu_entry_area(cpu));
+ per_cpu(cpu_entry_area, cpu) = get_cpu_entry_area(cpu);
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(exception_stacks) % PAGE_SIZE != 0);
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(exception_stacks) !=
+ sizeof(((struct cpu_entry_area *)0)->exception_stacks));
+ set_percpu_fixmap_pages(get_cpu_entry_area_index(cpu, exception_stacks),
+ &per_cpu(exception_stacks, cpu),
+ sizeof(exception_stacks) / PAGE_SIZE,
+ PAGE_KERNEL);
+
__set_fixmap(get_cpu_entry_area_index(cpu, entry_trampoline),
__pa_symbol(_entry_trampoline), PAGE_KERNEL_RX);
#endif
}

+void __init setup_cpu_entry_areas(void)
+{
+ unsigned int cpu;
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
+ setup_cpu_entry_area(cpu);
+}
+
/* Load the original GDT from the per-cpu structure */
void load_direct_gdt(int cpu)
{
@@ -1410,20 +1438,6 @@ DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned int, irq_count)
DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, __preempt_count) = INIT_PREEMPT_COUNT;
EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL(__preempt_count);

-/*
- * Special IST stacks which the CPU switches to when it calls
- * an IST-marked descriptor entry. Up to 7 stacks (hardware
- * limit), all of them are 4K, except the debug stack which
- * is 8K.
- */
-static const unsigned int exception_stack_sizes[N_EXCEPTION_STACKS] = {
- [0 ... N_EXCEPTION_STACKS - 1] = EXCEPTION_STKSZ,
- [DEBUG_STACK - 1] = DEBUG_STKSZ
-};
-
-static DEFINE_PER_CPU_PAGE_ALIGNED(char, exception_stacks
- [(N_EXCEPTION_STACKS - 1) * EXCEPTION_STKSZ + DEBUG_STKSZ]);
-
/* May not be marked __init: used by software suspend */
void syscall_init(void)
{
@@ -1632,7 +1646,7 @@ void cpu_init(void)
* set up and load the per-CPU TSS
*/
if (!oist->ist[0]) {
- char *estacks = per_cpu(exception_stacks, cpu);
+ char *estacks = get_cpu_entry_area(cpu)->exception_stacks;

for (v = 0; v < N_EXCEPTION_STACKS; v++) {
estacks += exception_stack_sizes[v];
@@ -1658,8 +1672,6 @@ void cpu_init(void)
initialize_tlbstate_and_flush();
enter_lazy_tlb(&init_mm, me);

- setup_cpu_entry_area(cpu);
-
/*
* Initialize the TSS. sp0 points to the entry trampoline stack
* regardless of what task is running.
@@ -1719,8 +1731,6 @@ void cpu_init(void)
initialize_tlbstate_and_flush();
enter_lazy_tlb(&init_mm, curr);

- setup_cpu_entry_area(cpu);
-
/*
* Initialize the TSS. Don't bother initializing sp0, as the initial
* task never enters user mode.
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
@@ -952,6 +952,9 @@ dotraplinkage void do_iret_error(struct

void __init trap_init(void)
{
+ /* Init cpu_entry_area before IST entries are set up */
+ setup_cpu_entry_areas();
+
idt_setup_traps();

/*

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