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Subject[patch 33/60] x86/mm/kpti: Allocate a separate user PGD
From: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>

Kernel page table isolation requires to have two PGDs. One for the kernel,
which contains the full kernel mapping plus the user space mapping and one
for user space which contains the user space mappings and the minimal set
of kernel mappings which are required by the architecture to be able to
transition from and to user space.

Add the necessary preliminaries.

[ tglx: Split out from the big kaiser dump ]

Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

---
arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S | 30 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
arch/x86/mm/pgtable.c | 16 ++++++++++++++--
2 files changed, 41 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S
@@ -341,6 +341,27 @@ GLOBAL(early_recursion_flag)
.balign PAGE_SIZE; \
GLOBAL(name)

+#ifdef CONFIG_KERNEL_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION
+/*
+ * Each PGD needs to be 8k long and 8k aligned. We do not
+ * ever go out to userspace with these, so we do not
+ * strictly *need* the second page, but this allows us to
+ * have a single set_pgd() implementation that does not
+ * need to worry about whether it has 4k or 8k to work
+ * with.
+ *
+ * This ensures PGDs are 8k long:
+ */
+#define KPTI_USER_PGD_FILL 512
+/* This ensures they are 8k-aligned: */
+#define NEXT_PGD_PAGE(name) \
+ .balign 2 * PAGE_SIZE; \
+GLOBAL(name)
+#else
+#define NEXT_PGD_PAGE(name) NEXT_PAGE(name)
+#define KPTI_USER_PGD_FILL 0
+#endif
+
/* Automate the creation of 1 to 1 mapping pmd entries */
#define PMDS(START, PERM, COUNT) \
i = 0 ; \
@@ -350,13 +371,14 @@ GLOBAL(name)
.endr

__INITDATA
-NEXT_PAGE(early_top_pgt)
+NEXT_PGD_PAGE(early_top_pgt)
.fill 511,8,0
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_5LEVEL
.quad level4_kernel_pgt - __START_KERNEL_map + _PAGE_TABLE_NOENC
#else
.quad level3_kernel_pgt - __START_KERNEL_map + _PAGE_TABLE_NOENC
#endif
+ .fill KPTI_USER_PGD_FILL,8,0

NEXT_PAGE(early_dynamic_pgts)
.fill 512*EARLY_DYNAMIC_PAGE_TABLES,8,0
@@ -364,13 +386,14 @@ NEXT_PAGE(early_dynamic_pgts)
.data

#if defined(CONFIG_XEN_PV) || defined(CONFIG_XEN_PVH)
-NEXT_PAGE(init_top_pgt)
+NEXT_PGD_PAGE(init_top_pgt)
.quad level3_ident_pgt - __START_KERNEL_map + _KERNPG_TABLE_NOENC
.org init_top_pgt + PGD_PAGE_OFFSET*8, 0
.quad level3_ident_pgt - __START_KERNEL_map + _KERNPG_TABLE_NOENC
.org init_top_pgt + PGD_START_KERNEL*8, 0
/* (2^48-(2*1024*1024*1024))/(2^39) = 511 */
.quad level3_kernel_pgt - __START_KERNEL_map + _PAGE_TABLE_NOENC
+ .fill KPTI_USER_PGD_FILL,8,0

NEXT_PAGE(level3_ident_pgt)
.quad level2_ident_pgt - __START_KERNEL_map + _KERNPG_TABLE_NOENC
@@ -381,8 +404,9 @@ NEXT_PAGE(level2_ident_pgt)
*/
PMDS(0, __PAGE_KERNEL_IDENT_LARGE_EXEC, PTRS_PER_PMD)
#else
-NEXT_PAGE(init_top_pgt)
+NEXT_PGD_PAGE(init_top_pgt)
.fill 512,8,0
+ .fill KPTI_USER_PGD_FILL,8,0
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_5LEVEL
--- a/arch/x86/mm/pgtable.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/pgtable.c
@@ -355,14 +355,26 @@ static inline void _pgd_free(pgd_t *pgd)
kmem_cache_free(pgd_cache, pgd);
}
#else
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_KERNEL_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION
+/*
+ * Instead of one pgd, we aquire two pgds. Being order-1, it is
+ * both 8k in size and 8k-aligned. That lets us just flip bit 12
+ * in a pointer to swap between the two 4k halves.
+ */
+#define PGD_ALLOCATION_ORDER 1
+#else
+#define PGD_ALLOCATION_ORDER 0
+#endif
+
static inline pgd_t *_pgd_alloc(void)
{
- return (pgd_t *)__get_free_page(PGALLOC_GFP);
+ return (pgd_t *)__get_free_pages(PGALLOC_GFP, PGD_ALLOCATION_ORDER);
}

static inline void _pgd_free(pgd_t *pgd)
{
- free_page((unsigned long)pgd);
+ free_pages((unsigned long)pgd, PGD_ALLOCATION_ORDER);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_X86_PAE */


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