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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 3/5] mm: memory_hotplug: memblock to track partially removed vmemmap mem
On Thu 30 Nov 2017, 15:51, Michal Hocko wrote:
> On Thu 23-11-17 11:14:38, Andrea Reale wrote:
> > When hot-removing memory we need to free vmemmap memory.
> > However, depending on the memory is being removed, it might
> > not be always possible to free a full vmemmap page / huge-page
> > because part of it might still be used.
> >
> > Commit ae9aae9eda2d ("memory-hotplug: common APIs to support page tables
> > hot-remove") introduced a workaround for x86
> > hot-remove, by which partially unused areas are filled with
> > the 0xFD constant. Full pages are only removed when fully
> > filled by 0xFDs.
> >
> > This commit introduces a MEMBLOCK_UNUSED_VMEMMAP memblock flag, with
> > the goal of using it in place of 0xFDs. For now, this will be used for
> > the arm64 port of memory hot remove, but the idea is to eventually use
> > the same mechanism for x86 as well.
>
> Why cannot you use the same approach as x86 have? Have a look at the
> vmemmap_free at al.
>

This arm64 hot-remove version (including vmemmap_free) is indeed an
almost 1-to-1 port of the x86 approach.

If you look at the first version of the patchset we submitted a while
ago (https://lkml.org/lkml/2017/4/11/540), we were initially using the
x86 approach of filling unsued page structs with 0xFDs. Commenting on
that, Mark suggested (and, indeed, I agree with him) that relying on a
magic constant for marking some portions of physical memory was quite
ugly. That is why we have used memblock for the purpose in this revised
patchset.

If you have a different view and any concrete suggestion on how to
improve this, it is definitely very well welcome.

> > Signed-off-by: Andrea Reale <ar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Maciej Bielski <m.bielski@virtualopensystems.com>
> > ---
> > include/linux/memblock.h | 12 ++++++++++++
> > mm/memblock.c | 32 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > 2 files changed, 44 insertions(+)
> >
> > diff --git a/include/linux/memblock.h b/include/linux/memblock.h
> > index bae11c7..0daec05 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/memblock.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/memblock.h
> > @@ -26,6 +26,9 @@ enum {
> > MEMBLOCK_HOTPLUG = 0x1, /* hotpluggable region */
> > MEMBLOCK_MIRROR = 0x2, /* mirrored region */
> > MEMBLOCK_NOMAP = 0x4, /* don't add to kernel direct mapping */
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
> > + MEMBLOCK_UNUSED_VMEMMAP = 0x8, /* Mark VMEMAP blocks as dirty */
> > +#endif
> > };
> >
> > struct memblock_region {
> > @@ -90,6 +93,10 @@ int memblock_mark_mirror(phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t size);
> > int memblock_mark_nomap(phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t size);
> > int memblock_clear_nomap(phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t size);
> > ulong choose_memblock_flags(void);
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
> > +int memblock_mark_unused_vmemmap(phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t size);
> > +int memblock_clear_unused_vmemmap(phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t size);
> > +#endif
> >
> > /* Low level functions */
> > int memblock_add_range(struct memblock_type *type,
> > @@ -182,6 +189,11 @@ static inline bool memblock_is_nomap(struct memblock_region *m)
> > return m->flags & MEMBLOCK_NOMAP;
> > }
> >
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
> > +bool memblock_is_vmemmap_unused_range(struct memblock_type *mt,
> > + phys_addr_t start, phys_addr_t end);
> > +#endif
> > +
> > #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP
> > int memblock_search_pfn_nid(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long *start_pfn,
> > unsigned long *end_pfn);
> > diff --git a/mm/memblock.c b/mm/memblock.c
> > index 9120578..30d5aa4 100644
> > --- a/mm/memblock.c
> > +++ b/mm/memblock.c
> > @@ -809,6 +809,18 @@ int __init_memblock memblock_clear_nomap(phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t size)
> > return memblock_setclr_flag(base, size, 0, MEMBLOCK_NOMAP);
> > }
> >
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
> > +int __init_memblock memblock_mark_unused_vmemmap(phys_addr_t base,
> > + phys_addr_t size)
> > +{
> > + return memblock_setclr_flag(base, size, 1, MEMBLOCK_UNUSED_VMEMMAP);
> > +}
> > +int __init_memblock memblock_clear_unused_vmemmap(phys_addr_t base,
> > + phys_addr_t size)
> > +{
> > + return memblock_setclr_flag(base, size, 0, MEMBLOCK_UNUSED_VMEMMAP);
> > +}
> > +#endif
> > /**
> > * __next_reserved_mem_region - next function for for_each_reserved_region()
> > * @idx: pointer to u64 loop variable
> > @@ -1696,6 +1708,26 @@ void __init_memblock memblock_trim_memory(phys_addr_t align)
> > }
> > }
> >
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
> > +bool __init_memblock memblock_is_vmemmap_unused_range(struct memblock_type *mt,
> > + phys_addr_t start, phys_addr_t end)
> > +{
> > + u64 i;
> > + struct memblock_region *r;
> > +
> > + i = memblock_search(mt, start);
> > + r = &(mt->regions[i]);
> > + while (r->base < end) {
> > + if (!(r->flags & MEMBLOCK_UNUSED_VMEMMAP))
> > + return 0;
> > +
> > + r = &(memblock.memory.regions[++i]);
> > + }
> > +
> > + return 1;
> > +}
> > +#endif
> > +
> > void __init_memblock memblock_set_current_limit(phys_addr_t limit)
> > {
> > memblock.current_limit = limit;
> > --
> > 2.7.4
> >
> > --
> > To unsubscribe, send a message with 'unsubscribe linux-mm' in
> > the body to majordomo@kvack.org. For more info on Linux MM,
> > see: http://www.linux-mm.org/ .
> > Don't email: <a href=mailto:"dont@kvack.org"> email@kvack.org </a>

Thanks,
Andrea

>
> --
> Michal Hocko
> SUSE Labs
>

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