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SubjectRe: [PATCH] skb_array: fix NULL-pointer exception
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On 2017年12月04日 22:24, George Cherian wrote:
> While running a multiple VM testscase with each VM running iperf
> traffic between others the following kernel NULL pointer exception
> was seen.
>
> Race appears when the tun driver instance of one VM calls skb_array_produce
> (from tun_net_xmit) and the the destined VM's skb_array_consume
> (from tun_ring_recv), which could run concurrently on another core. Due to
> which the sock_wfree gets called again from the tun_ring_recv context.
>
> The fix is to add write/read barrier calls to be sure that we get proper
> values in the tun_ring_recv context.
>
> Crash log
> [35321.580227] Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual address 00000060
> [35321.596720] pgd = ffff809ee552f000
> [35321.603723] [00000060] *pgd=0000009f514ac003, *pud=0000009f54f7c003, *pmd=0000000000000000
> [35321.620588] Internal error: Oops: 96000006 1 SMP
> [35321.630461] Modules linked in: xt_CHECKSUM iptable_mangle ipt_MASQUERADE nf_nat_masquerade_ipv4 iptable_nat nf_nat_ipv4 nf_nat nf_conntrack_ipv4 nf_defrag_ipv4 xt_4
> [35321.728501] CPU: 114 PID: 5560 Comm: qemu-system-aar Not tainted 4.11.8-4k-vhe-lse+ #3
> [35321.744510] Hardware name: Cavium Inc. Unknown/Unknown, BIOS 1.0 07/24/2017
> [35321.758602] task: ffff80bed7fca880 task.stack: ffff80beb5128000
> [35321.770600] PC is at sock_wfree+0x24/0x80
> [35321.778746] LR is at skb_release_head_state+0x68/0xf8
> [35321.788979] pc : [<ffff000008a772fc>] lr : [<ffff000008a79238>] pstate: 40400149
> [35321.803930] sp : ffff80beb512bc30
> [35321.810648] x29: ffff80beb512bc30 x28: ffff80bed7fca880
> [35321.821400] x27: 000000000000004e x26: 0000000000000000
> [35321.832156] x25: 000000000000000c x24: 0000000000000000
> [35321.842947] x23: ffff809ece3e4900 x22: ffff80beb512be00
> [35321.853729] x21: ffff000009138000 x20: 0000000000000144
> [35321.864507] x19: 0000000000000000 x18: 0000000000000014
> [35321.875276] x17: 0000ffff9d9689a0 x16: ffff00000828b3f8
> [35321.886048] x15: 0000504d7b000000 x14: e90ab50c48680a08
> [35321.896824] x13: 0101000017773f52 x12: 1080d422c00e5db6
> [35321.907595] x11: 68c322bd3930cf7a x10: a8c0d07aa8c0ad16
> [35321.918352] x9 : 000000001da4ed90 x8 : b50c48680a080101
> [35321.929099] x7 : 000017770c521080 x6 : 000000001d6c13f2
> [35321.939865] x5 : 000000001d6c13f2 x4 : 000000000000000e
> [35321.950619] x3 : 000000085ff97d82 x2 : 0000000000000000
> [35321.961376] x1 : ffff000008a772d8 x0 : 0000000000000500
> [35321.975193] Process qemu-system-aar (pid: 5560, stack limit = 0xffff80beb5128000)
> [35321.990347] Stack: (0xffff80beb512bc30 to 0xffff80beb512c000)
> [35322.001982] bc20: ffff80beb512bc50 ffff000008a79238
> [35322.017817] bc40: ffff809e8fd7be00 000000000000004e ffff80beb512bc70 ffff000008a79488
> [35322.033651] bc60: ffff809e8fd7be00 ffff00000881307c ffff80beb512bc90 ffff000008a79678
> [35322.049489] bc80: ffff809e8fd7be00 ffff80beb512be00 ffff80beb512bcb0 ffff000008812f24
> [35322.065321] bca0: ffff809e8fd7be00 000000000000004e ffff80beb512bd50 ffff0000088133f0
> [35322.081165] bcc0: ffff809ece3e4900 0000000000011000 ffff80beb512bdd8 ffff80beb512be00
> [35322.097001] bce0: 000000001d6c13a4 0000000000000015 0000000000000124 000000000000003f
> [35322.112866] bd00: ffff000008bc2000 ffff00000847b5ac 0000000000020000 ffff80be00080000
> [35322.128701] bd20: 0022000000000001 ffff80bed7fc0010 ffff000008100c38 0000000000000000
> [35322.144539] bd40: 0000000000000000 0000000000040b08 ffff80beb512bd80 ffff000008288f80
> [35322.160395] bd60: ffff000009138000 ffff809ee7cd3500 0000000000011000 ffff80beb512beb0
> [35322.176255] bd80: ffff80beb512be30 ffff00000828a224 0000000000011000 ffff809ee7cd3500
> [35322.192109] bda0: 000000001d6c13a4 ffff80beb512beb0 0000000000011000 0000000000000000
> [35322.207974] bdc0: 0000000000000000 000000001d6c13a4 0000000000011000 ffff809ee7cd3500
> [35322.223822] bde0: 000000000000004e 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
> [35322.239661] be00: ffff80be00000000 000000000000004e 0000000000010fb2 ffff80beb512bdc8
> [35322.255519] be20: 0000000000000001 0000000000040b08 ffff80beb512be70 ffff00000828b464
> [35322.271392] be40: ffff000009138000 ffff809ee7cd3501 ffff809ee7cd3500 000000001d6c13a4
> [35322.287255] be60: 0000000000011000 0000000000000015 0000000000000000 ffff0000080833f0
> [35322.303090] be80: 0000000000000000 000080bef0071000 ffffffffffffffff 0000ffff9d9689cc
> [35322.318951] bea0: 0000000080000000 000080bef0071000 000000000000004e 0000000000040b08
> [35322.334771] bec0: 000000000000000e 000000001d6c13a4 0000000000011000 0000ffff9cc89108
> [35322.350640] bee0: 0000000000000002 0000ffff9cc89000 0000ffff9cc896f0 0000000000000000
> [35322.366500] bf00: 000000000000003f 000000001da4ed90 a8c0d07aa8c0ad16 68c322bd3930cf7a
> [35322.382358] bf20: 1080d422c00e5db6 0101000017773f52 e90ab50c48680a08 0000504d7b000000
> [35322.398209] bf40: 0000000000000000 0000ffff9d9689a0 0000000000000014 0000000000000030
> [35322.414063] bf60: 000000001d6c13a4 000000001d6c0db0 000000001d6d1db0 00000000006fbbc8
> [35322.429901] bf80: 0000000000011000 000000001d6ab3e8 000000001d6ab3a4 00000000007ee4c8
> [35322.445751] bfa0: 0000000000000000 0000fffff363ab70 0000ffff9d9689b8 0000fffff363ab30
> [35322.461588] bfc0: 0000ffff9d9689cc 0000000080000000 000000000000000e 000000000000003f
> [35322.477445] bfe0: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 ffff809ed043d758 0000000000000000
> [35322.493283] Call trace:
> [35322.498275] Exception stack(0xffff80beb512ba40 to 0xffff80beb512bb70)
> [35322.511303] ba40: 0000000000000000 0001000000000000 ffff80beb512bc30 ffff000008a772fc
> [35322.527152] ba60: 0000000040400149 0000000000000049 ffff000008bc2000 ffff80bed7fca880
> [35322.542992] ba80: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
> [35322.558863] baa0: 0000000000000000 000000001d895758 ffff80beb512bb78 0000000000000000
> [35322.574702] bac0: 000000050000000b 0000000800000001 0000000a00000001 0000000b00000001
> [35322.590550] bae0: 0000000e00000001 0000001800010001 ffff80beb512bbf0 0000000000040b08
> [35322.606416] bb00: 0000000000000500 ffff000008a772d8 0000000000000000 000000085ff97d82
> [35322.622287] bb20: 000000000000000e 000000001d6c13f2 000000001d6c13f2 000017770c521080
> [35322.638144] bb40: b50c48680a080101 000000001da4ed90 a8c0d07aa8c0ad16 68c322bd3930cf7a
> [35322.653992] bb60: 1080d422c00e5db6 0101000017773f52
> [35322.663908] [<ffff000008a772fc>] sock_wfree+0x24/0x80
> [35322.674168] [<ffff000008a79238>] skb_release_head_state+0x68/0xf8
> [35322.686535] [<ffff000008a79488>] skb_release_all+0x20/0x40
> [35322.697663] [<ffff000008a79678>] consume_skb+0x38/0xd8
> [35322.708120] [<ffff000008812f24>] tun_do_read.part.9+0x20c/0x4f0
> [35322.720149] [<ffff0000088133f0>] tun_chr_read_iter+0xc0/0xe0
> [35322.731638] [<ffff000008288f80>] __vfs_read+0x100/0x160
> [35322.742249] [<ffff00000828a224>] vfs_read+0x8c/0x148
> [35322.752344] [<ffff00000828b464>] SyS_read+0x6c/0xd8
> [35322.762263] [<ffff0000080833f0>] el0_svc_naked+0x24/0x28
> [35322.773042] Code: d503201f f9400e93 b940e280 91051274 (f9403261)
>
> Reported-by: Joseph DeVincentis <Joseph.DeVincentis@cavium.com>
> Signed-off-by: George Cherian <george.cherian@cavium.com>
> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
> ---
> include/linux/skb_array.h | 9 +++++++++
> 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/skb_array.h b/include/linux/skb_array.h
> index 8621ffd..1b9c0f8 100644
> --- a/include/linux/skb_array.h
> +++ b/include/linux/skb_array.h
> @@ -45,6 +45,13 @@ static inline bool skb_array_full(struct skb_array *a)
>
> static inline int skb_array_produce(struct skb_array *a, struct sk_buff *skb)
> {
> + /*
> + * This barrier is necessary in order to prevent race condition
> + * with skb_array_consume(). This issue was seen in VM testcases
> + * with multiple instances of iperf pumping traffic over tun
> + * interface.
> + */
> + wmb();

Interesting. I guess you met this on a non-x86 architecture where
spinlocks just imply ACQUIRE/RELEASE? Then we probably need to fix this
inside ptr_ring_produce().

Thanks

> return ptr_ring_produce(&a->ring, skb);
> }
>
> @@ -94,6 +101,8 @@ static inline bool skb_array_empty_any(struct skb_array *a)
>
> static inline struct sk_buff *skb_array_consume(struct skb_array *a)
> {
> + /* Refer to skb_array_produce() for details */
> + rmb();
> return ptr_ring_consume(&a->ring);
> }
>

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