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Subject[PATCH v4] bcc: Try use new API to create [k,u]probe with perf_event_open
Date
New kernel API allows creating [k,u]probe with perf_event_open.
This patch tries to use the new API. If the new API doesn't work,
we fall back to old API.

bpf_detach_probe() looks up the event being removed. If the event
is not found, we skip the clean up procedure.

Signed-off-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com>
---
src/cc/libbpf.c | 246 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
1 file changed, 177 insertions(+), 69 deletions(-)

diff --git a/src/cc/libbpf.c b/src/cc/libbpf.c
index ef6daf3..8f42343 100644
--- a/src/cc/libbpf.c
+++ b/src/cc/libbpf.c
@@ -526,38 +526,68 @@ int bpf_attach_socket(int sock, int prog) {
return setsockopt(sock, SOL_SOCKET, SO_ATTACH_BPF, &prog, sizeof(prog));
}

+/*
+ * new kernel API allows creating [k,u]probe with perf_event_open, which
+ * makes it easier to clean up the [k,u]probe. This function tries to
+ * create pfd with the new API.
+ */
+static int bpf_try_perf_event_open_with_probe(const char *name, uint64_t offs,
+ int pid, int cpu, int group_fd, int perf_probe_type, int is_return)
+{
+ struct perf_event_attr attr = {};
+
+ attr.sample_type = PERF_SAMPLE_RAW | PERF_SAMPLE_CALLCHAIN;
+ attr.sample_period = 1;
+ attr.wakeup_events = 1;
+ if (is_return)
+ attr.config |= PERF_PROBE_CONFIG_IS_RETPROBE;
+ attr.probe_offset = offs; /* for kprobe, if name is NULL, this the addr */
+ attr.size = sizeof(attr);
+ attr.type = perf_probe_type;
+ attr.kprobe_func = ptr_to_u64((void *)name); /* also work for uprobe_path */
+ return syscall(__NR_perf_event_open, &attr, pid, cpu, group_fd,
+ PERF_FLAG_FD_CLOEXEC);
+}
+
static int bpf_attach_tracing_event(int progfd, const char *event_path,
- struct perf_reader *reader, int pid, int cpu, int group_fd) {
- int efd, pfd;
+ struct perf_reader *reader, int pid, int cpu, int group_fd, int pfd) {
+ int efd;
ssize_t bytes;
char buf[256];
struct perf_event_attr attr = {};

- snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%s/id", event_path);
- efd = open(buf, O_RDONLY, 0);
- if (efd < 0) {
- fprintf(stderr, "open(%s): %s\n", buf, strerror(errno));
- return -1;
- }
+ /*
+ * Only look up id and call perf_event_open when
+ * bpf_try_perf_event_open_with_probe() didn't returns valid pfd.
+ */
+ if (pfd < 0) {
+ snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%s/id", event_path);
+ efd = open(buf, O_RDONLY, 0);
+ if (efd < 0) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "open(%s): %s\n", buf, strerror(errno));
+ return -1;
+ }

- bytes = read(efd, buf, sizeof(buf));
- if (bytes <= 0 || bytes >= sizeof(buf)) {
- fprintf(stderr, "read(%s): %s\n", buf, strerror(errno));
+ bytes = read(efd, buf, sizeof(buf));
+ if (bytes <= 0 || bytes >= sizeof(buf)) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "read(%s): %s\n", buf, strerror(errno));
+ close(efd);
+ return -1;
+ }
close(efd);
- return -1;
- }
- close(efd);
- buf[bytes] = '\0';
- attr.config = strtol(buf, NULL, 0);
- attr.type = PERF_TYPE_TRACEPOINT;
- attr.sample_type = PERF_SAMPLE_RAW | PERF_SAMPLE_CALLCHAIN;
- attr.sample_period = 1;
- attr.wakeup_events = 1;
- pfd = syscall(__NR_perf_event_open, &attr, pid, cpu, group_fd, PERF_FLAG_FD_CLOEXEC);
- if (pfd < 0) {
- fprintf(stderr, "perf_event_open(%s/id): %s\n", event_path, strerror(errno));
- return -1;
+ buf[bytes] = '\0';
+ attr.config = strtol(buf, NULL, 0);
+ attr.type = PERF_TYPE_TRACEPOINT;
+ attr.sample_type = PERF_SAMPLE_RAW | PERF_SAMPLE_CALLCHAIN;
+ attr.sample_period = 1;
+ attr.wakeup_events = 1;
+ pfd = syscall(__NR_perf_event_open, &attr, pid, cpu, group_fd, PERF_FLAG_FD_CLOEXEC);
+ if (pfd < 0) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "perf_event_open(%s/id): %s\n", event_path, strerror(errno));
+ return -1;
+ }
}
+
perf_reader_set_fd(reader, pfd);

if (perf_reader_mmap(reader, attr.type, attr.sample_type) < 0)
@@ -575,6 +605,26 @@ static int bpf_attach_tracing_event(int progfd, const char *event_path,
return 0;
}

+#define PMU_TYPE_FILE "/sys/bus/event_source/devices/%s/type"
+static int bpf_find_probe_type(const char *p_type)
+{
+ int fd;
+ int ret;
+ char buf[64];
+
+ snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), PMU_TYPE_FILE, p_type);
+
+ fd = open(buf, O_RDONLY);
+ if (fd < 0)
+ return -1;
+ ret = read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf));
+ close(fd);
+ if (ret < 0 || ret >= sizeof(buf))
+ return -1;
+ ret = (int)strtol(buf, NULL, 10);
+ return errno ? -1 : ret;
+}
+
void * bpf_attach_kprobe(int progfd, enum bpf_probe_attach_type attach_type, const char *ev_name,
const char *fn_name,
pid_t pid, int cpu, int group_fd,
@@ -585,31 +635,42 @@ void * bpf_attach_kprobe(int progfd, enum bpf_probe_attach_type attach_type, con
char event_alias[128];
struct perf_reader *reader = NULL;
static char *event_type = "kprobe";
+ int pfd = -1;
+ int perf_probe_type;

reader = perf_reader_new(cb, NULL, NULL, cb_cookie, probe_perf_reader_page_cnt);
if (!reader)
goto error;

- snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/%s_events", event_type);
- kfd = open(buf, O_WRONLY | O_APPEND, 0);
- if (kfd < 0) {
- fprintf(stderr, "open(%s): %s\n", buf, strerror(errno));
- goto error;
- }
+ /* try use new API to create kprobe */
+ perf_probe_type = bpf_find_probe_type(event_type);
+ if (perf_probe_type != -1)
+ pfd = bpf_try_perf_event_open_with_probe(fn_name, 0, pid, cpu, group_fd,
+ perf_probe_type,
+ attach_type != BPF_PROBE_ENTRY);

- snprintf(event_alias, sizeof(event_alias), "%s_bcc_%d", ev_name, getpid());
- snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%c:%ss/%s %s", attach_type==BPF_PROBE_ENTRY ? 'p' : 'r',
- event_type, event_alias, fn_name);
- if (write(kfd, buf, strlen(buf)) < 0) {
- if (errno == EINVAL)
- fprintf(stderr, "check dmesg output for possible cause\n");
+ if (pfd < 0) {
+ snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/%s_events", event_type);
+ kfd = open(buf, O_WRONLY | O_APPEND, 0);
+ if (kfd < 0) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "open(%s): %s\n", buf, strerror(errno));
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ snprintf(event_alias, sizeof(event_alias), "%s_bcc_%d", ev_name, getpid());
+ snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%c:%ss/%s %s", attach_type==BPF_PROBE_ENTRY ? 'p' : 'r',
+ event_type, event_alias, fn_name);
+ if (write(kfd, buf, strlen(buf)) < 0) {
+ if (errno == EINVAL)
+ fprintf(stderr, "check dmesg output for possible cause\n");
+ close(kfd);
+ goto error;
+ }
close(kfd);
- goto error;
+ snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/%ss/%s", event_type, event_alias);
}
- close(kfd);

- snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/%ss/%s", event_type, event_alias);
- if (bpf_attach_tracing_event(progfd, buf, reader, pid, cpu, group_fd) < 0)
+ if (bpf_attach_tracing_event(progfd, buf, reader, pid, cpu, group_fd, pfd) < 0)
goto error;

return reader;
@@ -691,42 +752,52 @@ void * bpf_attach_uprobe(int progfd, enum bpf_probe_attach_type attach_type, con
struct perf_reader *reader = NULL;
static char *event_type = "uprobe";
int res, kfd = -1, ns_fd = -1;
+ int pfd = -1;
+ int perf_probe_type;

reader = perf_reader_new(cb, NULL, NULL, cb_cookie, probe_perf_reader_page_cnt);
if (!reader)
goto error;

- snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/%s_events", event_type);
- kfd = open(buf, O_WRONLY | O_APPEND, 0);
- if (kfd < 0) {
- fprintf(stderr, "open(%s): %s\n", buf, strerror(errno));
- goto error;
- }
+ /* try use new API to create uprobe */
+ perf_probe_type = bpf_find_probe_type(event_type);
+ pfd = bpf_try_perf_event_open_with_probe(binary_path, offset, pid, cpu,
+ group_fd, perf_probe_type, attach_type != BPF_PROBE_ENTRY);

- res = snprintf(event_alias, sizeof(event_alias), "%s_bcc_%d", ev_name, getpid());
- if (res < 0 || res >= sizeof(event_alias)) {
- fprintf(stderr, "Event name (%s) is too long for buffer\n", ev_name);
- goto error;
- }
- res = snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%c:%ss/%s %s:0x%lx", attach_type==BPF_PROBE_ENTRY ? 'p' : 'r',
- event_type, event_alias, binary_path, offset);
- if (res < 0 || res >= sizeof(buf)) {
- fprintf(stderr, "Event alias (%s) too long for buffer\n", event_alias);
- goto error;
- }
+ if (pfd < 0) {
+ snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/%s_events", event_type);
+ kfd = open(buf, O_WRONLY | O_APPEND, 0);
+ if (kfd < 0) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "open(%s): %s\n", buf, strerror(errno));
+ goto error;
+ }

- ns_fd = enter_mount_ns(pid);
- if (write(kfd, buf, strlen(buf)) < 0) {
- if (errno == EINVAL)
- fprintf(stderr, "check dmesg output for possible cause\n");
- goto error;
+ res = snprintf(event_alias, sizeof(event_alias), "%s_bcc_%d", ev_name, getpid());
+ if (res < 0 || res >= sizeof(event_alias)) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Event name (%s) is too long for buffer\n", ev_name);
+ goto error;
+ }
+ res = snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%c:%ss/%s %s:0x%lx", attach_type==BPF_PROBE_ENTRY ? 'p' : 'r',
+ event_type, event_alias, binary_path, offset);
+ if (res < 0 || res >= sizeof(buf)) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Event alias (%s) too long for buffer\n", event_alias);
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ ns_fd = enter_mount_ns(pid);
+ if (write(kfd, buf, strlen(buf)) < 0) {
+ if (errno == EINVAL)
+ fprintf(stderr, "check dmesg output for possible cause\n");
+ goto error;
+ }
+ close(kfd);
+ exit_mount_ns(ns_fd);
+ ns_fd = -1;
+
+ snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/%ss/%s", event_type, event_alias);
}
- close(kfd);
- exit_mount_ns(ns_fd);
- ns_fd = -1;

- snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/%ss/%s", event_type, event_alias);
- if (bpf_attach_tracing_event(progfd, buf, reader, pid, cpu, group_fd) < 0)
+ if (bpf_attach_tracing_event(progfd, buf, reader, pid, cpu, group_fd, pfd) < 0)
goto error;

return reader;
@@ -741,8 +812,43 @@ error:

static int bpf_detach_probe(const char *ev_name, const char *event_type)
{
- int kfd, res;
+ int kfd = -1, res;
char buf[PATH_MAX];
+ int found_event = 0;
+ size_t bufsize = 0;
+ char *cptr = NULL;
+ FILE *fp;
+
+ /*
+ * For [k,u]probe created with perf_event_open (on newer kernel), it is
+ * not necessary to clean it up in [k,u]probe_events. We first look up
+ * the %s_bcc_%d line in [k,u]probe_events. If the event is not found,
+ * it is safe to skip the cleaning up process (write -:... to the file).
+ */
+ snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/%s_events", event_type);
+ fp = fopen(buf, "r");
+ if (!fp) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "open(%s): %s\n", buf, strerror(errno));
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ res = snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%ss/%s_bcc_%d", event_type, ev_name, getpid());
+ if (res < 0 || res >= sizeof(buf)) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "snprintf(%s): %d\n", ev_name, res);
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ while (getline(&cptr, &bufsize, fp) != -1)
+ if (strstr(cptr, buf) != NULL) {
+ found_event = 1;
+ break;
+ }
+ fclose(fp);
+ fp = NULL;
+
+ if (!found_event)
+ return 0;
+
snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/%s_events", event_type);
kfd = open(buf, O_WRONLY | O_APPEND, 0);
if (kfd < 0) {
@@ -766,6 +872,8 @@ static int bpf_detach_probe(const char *ev_name, const char *event_type)
error:
if (kfd >= 0)
close(kfd);
+ if (fp)
+ fclose(fp);
return -1;
}

@@ -792,7 +900,7 @@ void * bpf_attach_tracepoint(int progfd, const char *tp_category,

snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/%s/%s",
tp_category, tp_name);
- if (bpf_attach_tracing_event(progfd, buf, reader, pid, cpu, group_fd) < 0)
+ if (bpf_attach_tracing_event(progfd, buf, reader, pid, cpu, group_fd, -1) < 0)
goto error;

return reader;
--
2.9.5
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