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Subject[Part2 PATCH v9 24/38] KVM: Define SEV key management command id
Date
Define Secure Encrypted Virtualization (SEV) key management command id
and structure. The command definition is available in SEV KM spec
0.14 (http://support.amd.com/TechDocs/55766_SEV-KM API_Specification.pdf)
and Documentation/virtual/kvm/amd-memory-encryption.txt.

Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: "Radim Krčmář" <rkrcmar@redhat.com>
Cc: Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: x86@kernel.org
Cc: kvm@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Improvements-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Brijesh Singh <brijesh.singh@amd.com>
Reviewed-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
---
.../virtual/kvm/amd-memory-encryption.rst | 202 +++++++++++++++++++++
include/uapi/linux/kvm.h | 80 ++++++++
2 files changed, 282 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/amd-memory-encryption.rst b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/amd-memory-encryption.rst
index a8ef21e737db..71d6d257074f 100644
--- a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/amd-memory-encryption.rst
+++ b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/amd-memory-encryption.rst
@@ -43,3 +43,205 @@ setting the SEV bit before executing VMRUN.::
SEV hardware uses ASIDs to associate a memory encryption key with a VM.
Hence, the ASID for the SEV-enabled guests must be from 1 to a maximum value
defined in the CPUID 0x8000001f[ecx] field.
+
+SEV Key Management
+==================
+
+The SEV guest key management is handled by a separate processor called the AMD
+Secure Processor (AMD-SP). Firmware running inside the AMD-SP provides a secure
+key management interface to perform common hypervisor activities such as
+encrypting bootstrap code, snapshot, migrating and debugging the guest. For more
+information, see the SEV Key Management spec [api-spec]_
+
+KVM implements the following commands to support common lifecycle events of SEV
+guests, such as launching, running, snapshotting, migrating and decommissioning.
+
+1. KVM_SEV_INIT
+---------------
+
+The KVM_SEV_INIT command is used by the hypervisor to initialize the SEV platform
+context. In a typical workflow, this command should be the first command issued.
+
+Returns: 0 on success, -negative on error
+
+2. KVM_SEV_LAUNCH_START
+-----------------------
+
+The KVM_SEV_LAUNCH_START command is used for creating the memory encryption
+context. To create the encryption context, user must provide a guest policy,
+the owner's public Diffie-Hellman (PDH) key and session information.
+
+Parameters: struct kvm_sev_launch_start (in/out)
+
+Returns: 0 on success, -negative on error
+
+::
+
+ struct kvm_sev_launch_start {
+ __u32 handle; /* if zero then firmware creates a new handle */
+ __u32 policy; /* guest's policy */
+
+ __u64 dh_uaddr; /* userspace address pointing to the guest owner's PDH key */
+ __u32 dh_len;
+
+ __u64 session_addr; /* userspace address which points to the guest session information */
+ __u32 session_len;
+ };
+
+On success, the 'handle' field contains a new handle and on error, a negative value.
+
+For more details, see SEV spec Section 6.2.
+
+3. KVM_SEV_LAUNCH_UPDATE_DATA
+-----------------------------
+
+The KVM_SEV_LAUNCH_UPDATE_DATA is used for encrypting a memory region. It also
+calculates a measurement of the memory contents. The measurement is a signature
+of the memory contents that can be sent to the guest owner as an attestation
+that the memory was encrypted correctly by the firmware.
+
+Parameters (in): struct kvm_sev_launch_update_data
+
+Returns: 0 on success, -negative on error
+
+::
+
+ struct kvm_sev_launch_update {
+ __u64 uaddr; /* userspace address to be encrypted (must be 16-byte aligned) */
+ __u32 len; /* length of the data to be encrypted (must be 16-byte aligned) */
+ };
+
+For more details, see SEV spec Section 6.3.
+
+4. KVM_SEV_LAUNCH_MEASURE
+-------------------------
+
+The KVM_SEV_LAUNCH_MEASURE command is used to retrieve the measurement of the
+data encrypted by the KVM_SEV_LAUNCH_UPDATE_DATA command. The guest owner may
+wait to provide the guest with confidential information until it can verify the
+measurement. Since the guest owner knows the initial contents of the guest at
+boot, the measurement can be verified by comparing it to what the guest owner
+expects.
+
+Parameters (in): struct kvm_sev_launch_measure
+
+Returns: 0 on success, -negative on error
+
+::
+
+ struct kvm_sev_launch_measure {
+ __u64 uaddr; /* where to copy the measurement */
+ __u32 len; /* length of measurement blob */
+ };
+
+For more details on the measurement verification flow, see SEV spec Section 6.4.
+
+5. KVM_SEV_LAUNCH_FINISH
+------------------------
+
+After completion of the launch flow, the KVM_SEV_LAUNCH_FINISH command can be
+issued to make the guest ready for the execution.
+
+Returns: 0 on success, -negative on error
+
+6. KVM_SEV_GUEST_STATUS
+-----------------------
+
+The KVM_SEV_GUEST_STATUS command is used to retrieve status information about a
+SEV-enabled guest.
+
+Parameters (out): struct kvm_sev_guest_status
+
+Returns: 0 on success, -negative on error
+
+::
+
+ struct kvm_sev_guest_status {
+ __u32 handle; /* guest handle */
+ __u32 policy; /* guest policy */
+ __u8 state; /* guest state (see enum below) */
+ };
+
+SEV guest state:
+
+::
+
+ enum {
+ SEV_STATE_INVALID = 0;
+ SEV_STATE_LAUNCHING, /* guest is currently being launched */
+ SEV_STATE_SECRET, /* guest is being launched and ready to accept the ciphertext data */
+ SEV_STATE_RUNNING, /* guest is fully launched and running */
+ SEV_STATE_RECEIVING, /* guest is being migrated in from another SEV machine */
+ SEV_STATE_SENDING /* guest is getting migrated out to another SEV machine */
+ };
+
+7. KVM_SEV_DBG_DECRYPT
+----------------------
+
+The KVM_SEV_DEBUG_DECRYPT command can be used by the hypervisor to request the
+firmware to decrypt the data at the given memory region.
+
+Parameters (in): struct kvm_sev_dbg
+
+Returns: 0 on success, -negative on error
+
+::
+
+ struct kvm_sev_dbg {
+ __u64 src_uaddr; /* userspace address of data to decrypt */
+ __u64 dst_uaddr; /* userspace address of destination */
+ __u32 len; /* length of memory region to decrypt */
+ };
+
+The command returns an error if the guest policy does not allow debugging.
+
+8. KVM_SEV_DBG_ENCRYPT
+----------------------
+
+The KVM_SEV_DEBUG_ENCRYPT command can be used by the hypervisor to request the
+firmware to encrypt the data at the given memory region.
+
+Parameters (in): struct kvm_sev_dbg
+
+Returns: 0 on success, -negative on error
+
+::
+
+ struct kvm_sev_dbg {
+ __u64 src_uaddr; /* userspace address of data to encrypt */
+ __u64 dst_uaddr; /* userspace address of destination */
+ __u32 len; /* length of memory region to encrypt */
+ };
+
+The command returns an error if the guest policy does not allow debugging.
+
+9. KVM_SEV_LAUNCH_SECRET
+------------------------
+
+The KVM_SEV_LAUNCH_SECRET command can be used by the hypervisor to inject secret
+data after the measurement has been validated by the guest owner.
+
+Parameters (in): struct kvm_sev_launch_secret
+
+Returns: 0 on success, -negative on error
+
+::
+
+ struct kvm_sev_launch_secret {
+ __u64 hdr_uaddr; /* userspace address containing the packet header */
+ __u32 hdr_len;
+
+ __u64 guest_uaddr; /* the guest memory region where the secret should be injected */
+ __u32 guest_len;
+
+ __u64 trans_uaddr; /* the hypervisor memory region which contains the secret */
+ __u32 trans_len;
+ };
+
+References
+==========
+
+.. [white-paper] http://amd-dev.wpengine.netdna-cdn.com/wordpress/media/2013/12/AMD_Memory_Encryption_Whitepaper_v7-Public.pdf
+.. [api-spec] http://support.amd.com/TechDocs/55766_SEV-KM%20API_Specification.pdf
+.. [amd-apm] http://support.amd.com/TechDocs/24593.pdf (section 15.34)
+.. [kvm-forum] http://www.linux-kvm.org/images/7/74/02x08A-Thomas_Lendacky-AMDs_Virtualizatoin_Memory_Encryption_Technology.pdf
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h b/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
index c8c65190907d..571431d3384b 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
@@ -1369,6 +1369,86 @@ struct kvm_enc_region {
#define KVM_MEMORY_ENCRYPT_REG_REGION _IOR(KVMIO, 0xbb, struct kvm_enc_region)
#define KVM_MEMORY_ENCRYPT_UNREG_REGION _IOR(KVMIO, 0xbc, struct kvm_enc_region)

+/* Secure Encrypted Virtualization command */
+enum sev_cmd_id {
+ /* Guest initialization commands */
+ KVM_SEV_INIT = 0,
+ KVM_SEV_ES_INIT,
+ /* Guest launch commands */
+ KVM_SEV_LAUNCH_START,
+ KVM_SEV_LAUNCH_UPDATE_DATA,
+ KVM_SEV_LAUNCH_UPDATE_VMSA,
+ KVM_SEV_LAUNCH_SECRET,
+ KVM_SEV_LAUNCH_MEASURE,
+ KVM_SEV_LAUNCH_FINISH,
+ /* Guest migration commands (outgoing) */
+ KVM_SEV_SEND_START,
+ KVM_SEV_SEND_UPDATE_DATA,
+ KVM_SEV_SEND_UPDATE_VMSA,
+ KVM_SEV_SEND_FINISH,
+ /* Guest migration commands (incoming) */
+ KVM_SEV_RECEIVE_START,
+ KVM_SEV_RECEIVE_UPDATE_DATA,
+ KVM_SEV_RECEIVE_UPDATE_VMSA,
+ KVM_SEV_RECEIVE_FINISH,
+ /* Guest status and debug commands */
+ KVM_SEV_GUEST_STATUS,
+ KVM_SEV_DBG_DECRYPT,
+ KVM_SEV_DBG_ENCRYPT,
+ /* Guest certificates commands */
+ KVM_SEV_CERT_EXPORT,
+
+ KVM_SEV_NR_MAX,
+};
+
+struct kvm_sev_cmd {
+ __u32 id;
+ __u64 data;
+ __u32 error;
+ __u32 sev_fd;
+};
+
+struct kvm_sev_launch_start {
+ __u32 handle;
+ __u32 policy;
+ __u64 dh_uaddr;
+ __u32 dh_len;
+ __u64 session_uaddr;
+ __u32 session_len;
+};
+
+struct kvm_sev_launch_update_data {
+ __u64 uaddr;
+ __u32 len;
+};
+
+
+struct kvm_sev_launch_secret {
+ __u64 hdr_uaddr;
+ __u32 hdr_len;
+ __u64 guest_uaddr;
+ __u32 guest_len;
+ __u64 trans_uaddr;
+ __u32 trans_len;
+};
+
+struct kvm_sev_launch_measure {
+ __u64 uaddr;
+ __u32 len;
+};
+
+struct kvm_sev_guest_status {
+ __u32 handle;
+ __u32 policy;
+ __u32 state;
+};
+
+struct kvm_sev_dbg {
+ __u64 src_uaddr;
+ __u64 dst_uaddr;
+ __u32 len;
+};
+
#define KVM_DEV_ASSIGN_ENABLE_IOMMU (1 << 0)
#define KVM_DEV_ASSIGN_PCI_2_3 (1 << 1)
#define KVM_DEV_ASSIGN_MASK_INTX (1 << 2)
--
2.9.5
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