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Subject[PATCH v2] drm/i915: Try EDID bitbanging on HDMI after failed read
The ACK/NACK implementation as found in e.g. the G965 has the falling
clock edge and the release of the data line after the ACK for the received
byte happen at the same time.

This is conformant with the I2C specification, which allows a zero hold
time, see footnote [3]: "A device must internally provide a hold time of
at least 300 ns for the SDA signal (with respect to the V IH(min) of the
SCL signal) to bridge the undefined region of the falling edge of SCL."

Some HDMI-to-VGA converters apparently fail to adhere to this requirement
and latch SDA at the falling clock edge, so instead of an ACK
sometimes a NACK is read and the slave (i.e. the EDID ROM) ends the

The bitbanging releases the data line for the ACK only 1/4 bit time after
the falling clock edge, so a slave will see the correct value no matter
if it samples at the rising or the falling clock edge or in the center.

Fallback to bitbanging is already done for the CRT connector.


Signed-off-by: Stefan Brüns <>


Changes in v2:
- Fix/enhance commit message, no code changes

drivers/gpu/drm/i915/intel_hdmi.c | 14 +++++++++++---
1 file changed, 11 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/intel_hdmi.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/intel_hdmi.c
index 4dea833f9d1b..847cda4c017c 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/intel_hdmi.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/intel_hdmi.c
@@ -1573,12 +1573,20 @@ intel_hdmi_set_edid(struct drm_connector *connector)
struct intel_hdmi *intel_hdmi = intel_attached_hdmi(connector);
struct edid *edid;
bool connected = false;
+ struct i2c_adapter *i2c;

intel_display_power_get(dev_priv, POWER_DOMAIN_GMBUS);

- edid = drm_get_edid(connector,
- intel_gmbus_get_adapter(dev_priv,
- intel_hdmi->ddc_bus));
+ i2c = intel_gmbus_get_adapter(dev_priv, intel_hdmi->ddc_bus);
+ edid = drm_get_edid(connector, i2c);
+ if (!edid && !intel_gmbus_is_forced_bit(i2c)) {
+ DRM_DEBUG_KMS("HDMI GMBUS EDID read failed, retry using GPIO bit-banging\n");
+ intel_gmbus_force_bit(i2c, true);
+ edid = drm_get_edid(connector, i2c);
+ intel_gmbus_force_bit(i2c, false);
+ }

intel_hdmi_dp_dual_mode_detect(connector, edid != NULL);

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