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Subject[PATCH 4.14 08/74] x86/insn-eval: Add utility functions to get segment selector
4.14-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Ricardo Neri <>

commit 32d0b95300db03c2b23b2ea2c94769a4a138e79d upstream.

[note, only the inat.h portion, to get objtool back in sync - gregkh]

b0caa8c8c6bbc422bc3c32b64852d6d618f32b49 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
When computing a linear address and segmentation is used, we need to know
the base address of the segment involved in the computation. In most of
the cases, the segment base address will be zero as in USER_DS/USER32_DS.
However, it may be possible that a user space program defines its own
segments via a local descriptor table. In such a case, the segment base
address may not be zero. Thus, the segment base address is needed to
calculate correctly the linear address.

If running in protected mode, the segment selector to be used when
computing a linear address is determined by either any of segment override
prefixes in the instruction or inferred from the registers involved in the
computation of the effective address; in that order. Also, there are cases
when the segment override prefixes shall be ignored (i.e., code segments
are always selected by the CS segment register; string instructions always
use the ES segment register when using rDI register as operand). In long
mode, segment registers are ignored, except for FS and GS. In these two
cases, base addresses are obtained from the respective MSRs.

For clarity, this process can be split into four steps (and an equal
number of functions): determine if segment prefixes overrides can be used;
parse the segment override prefixes, and use them if found; if not found
or cannot be used, use the default segment registers associated with the
operand registers. Once the segment register to use has been identified,
read its value to obtain the segment selector.

The method to obtain the segment selector depends on several factors. In
32-bit builds, segment selectors are saved into a pt_regs structure
when switching to kernel mode. The same is also true for virtual-8086
mode. In 64-bit builds, segmentation is mostly ignored, except when
running a program in 32-bit legacy mode. In this case, CS and SS can be
obtained from pt_regs. DS, ES, FS and GS can be read directly from
the respective segment registers.

In order to identify the segment registers, a new set of #defines is
introduced. It also includes two special identifiers. One of them
indicates when the default segment register associated with instruction
operands shall be used. Another one indicates that the contents of the
segment register shall be ignored; this identifier is used when in long

Improvements-by: Borislav Petkov <>
Signed-off-by: Ricardo Neri <>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <>
Reviewed-by: Borislav Petkov <>
Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <>
Cc: Dave Hansen <>
Cc: Adrian Hunter <>
Cc: Paul Gortmaker <>
Cc: Huang Rui <>
Cc: Qiaowei Ren <>
Cc: Shuah Khan <>
Cc: Kees Cook <>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <>
Cc: Jiri Slaby <>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <>
Cc: "Ravi V. Shankar" <>
Cc: Chris Metcalf <>
Cc: Brian Gerst <>
Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <>
Cc: Colin Ian King <>
Cc: Chen Yucong <>
Cc: Adam Buchbinder <>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <>
Cc: Lorenzo Stoakes <>
Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <>
Cc: Andrew Morton <>
Cc: Thomas Garnier <>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>
arch/x86/include/asm/inat.h | 10 ++++++++++
1 file changed, 10 insertions(+)

--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/inat.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/inat.h
@@ -97,6 +97,16 @@
#define INAT_MAKE_GROUP(grp) ((grp << INAT_GRP_OFFS) | INAT_MODRM)
#define INAT_MAKE_IMM(imm) (imm << INAT_IMM_OFFS)

+/* Identifiers for segment registers */
+#define INAT_SEG_REG_CS 2
+#define INAT_SEG_REG_SS 3
+#define INAT_SEG_REG_DS 4
+#define INAT_SEG_REG_ES 5
+#define INAT_SEG_REG_FS 6
+#define INAT_SEG_REG_GS 7
/* Attribute search APIs */
extern insn_attr_t inat_get_opcode_attribute(insn_byte_t opcode);
extern int inat_get_last_prefix_id(insn_byte_t last_pfx);

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