lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2017]   [Dec]   [23]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
SubjectRe: [PATCH v20 3/7 RESEND] xbitmap: add more operations
From
Date
Matthew Wilcox wrote:
> On Sat, Dec 23, 2017 at 11:59:54AM +0900, Tetsuo Handa wrote:
> > Matthew Wilcox wrote:
> > > + bit %= IDA_BITMAP_BITS;
> > > + radix_tree_iter_init(&iter, index);
> > > + slot = idr_get_free_cmn(root, &iter, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN, index);
> > > + if (IS_ERR(slot)) {
> > > + if (slot == ERR_PTR(-ENOSPC))
> > > + return 0; /* Already set */
> >
> > Why already set? I guess something is there, but is it guaranteed that
> > there is a bitmap with the "bit" set?
>
> Yes. For radix trees tagged with IDR_RT_MARKER, newly created slots
> have the IDR_FREE tag set. We only clear the IDR_FREE tag once the
> bitmap is full. So if we try to find a free slot and the tag is clear,
> we know the bitmap is full.
>

OK. But does using IDR_FREE tag have more benefit than cost?
You are doing

if (bitmap_full(bitmap->bitmap, IDA_BITMAP_BITS))
radix_tree_iter_tag_clear(root, &iter, IDR_FREE);

for each xb_set_bit() call. How likely do we hit ERR_PTR(-ENOSPC) path?
Isn't removing both bitmap_full() and ERR_PTR(-ENOSPC) better?

> > > + bitmap = rcu_dereference_raw(*slot);
> > > + if (!bitmap) {
> > > + bitmap = this_cpu_xchg(ida_bitmap, NULL);
> > > + if (!bitmap)
> > > + return -ENOMEM;
> >
> > I can't understand this. I can understand if it were
> >
> > BUG_ON(!bitmap);
> >
> > because you called xb_preload().
> >
> > But
> >
> > /*
> > * Regular test 2
> > * set bit 2000, 2001, 2040
> > * Next 1 in [0, 2048) --> 2000
> > * Next 1 in [2000, 2002) --> 2000
> > * Next 1 in [2002, 2041) --> 2040
> > * Next 1 in [2002, 2040) --> none
> > * Next 0 in [2000, 2048) --> 2002
> > * Next 0 in [2048, 2060) --> 2048
> > */
> > xb_preload(GFP_KERNEL);
> > assert(!xb_set_bit(&xb1, 2000));
> > assert(!xb_set_bit(&xb1, 2001));
> > assert(!xb_set_bit(&xb1, 2040));
> [...]
> > xb_preload_end();
> >
> > you are not calling xb_preload() prior to each xb_set_bit() call.
> > This means that, if each xb_set_bit() is not surrounded with
> > xb_preload()/xb_preload_end(), there is possibility of hitting
> > this_cpu_xchg(ida_bitmap, NULL) == NULL.
>
> This is just a lazy test. We "know" that the bits in the range 1024-2047
> will all land in the same bitmap, so there's no need to preload for each
> of them.

Testcases also serves as how to use that API.
Assuming such thing leads to incorrect usage.

>
> > If bitmap == NULL at this_cpu_xchg(ida_bitmap, NULL) is allowed,
> > you can use kzalloc(sizeof(*bitmap), GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN)
> > and get rid of xb_preload()/xb_preload_end().
>
> No, we can't. GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN won't try very hard to allocate
> memory. There's no reason to fail the call if the user is in a context
> where they can try harder to free memory.

But there is no reason to use GFP_NOWAIT at idr_get_free_cmn() if it is
safe to use GFP_KERNEL. If we don't require xb_preload() which forces
idr_get_free_cmn() to use GFP_NOWAIT due to possibility of preemption
disabled by xb_preload(), we can allow passing gfp flags to xb_set_bit().

>
> > You are using idr_get_free_cmn(GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN), which
> > means that the caller has to be prepared for allocation failure
> > when calling xb_set_bit(). Thus, there is no need to use preload
> > in order to avoid failing to allocate "bitmap".
>
> xb_preload also preloads radix tree nodes.
>

But it after all forces idr_get_free_cmn() to use GFP_NOWAIT, doesn't it?

Speak of initial user (i.e. virtio-balloon), xb_preload() won't be able to
use GFP_KERNEL in order to avoid OOM lockup. Therefore, I don't see
advantages with using xb_preload(). If xb_set_bit() receives gfp flags,
the caller can pass GFP_KERNEL if it is safe to use GFP_KERNEL.

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2017-12-23 15:35    [W:0.047 / U:1.676 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site