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SubjectRe: [PATCH] [RFT] crypto: aes-generic - turn off -ftree-pre and -ftree-sra
Hi Ard,

On 21 December 2017 at 17:52, Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> wrote:
> On 21 December 2017 at 10:20, Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> wrote:
>> On Wed, Dec 20, 2017 at 10:46 PM, Jakub Jelinek <jakub@redhat.com> wrote:
>>> On Wed, Dec 20, 2017 at 09:52:05PM +0100, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
>>>> diff --git a/crypto/aes_generic.c b/crypto/aes_generic.c
>>>> index ca554d57d01e..35f973ba9878 100644
>>>> --- a/crypto/aes_generic.c
>>>> +++ b/crypto/aes_generic.c
>>>> @@ -1331,6 +1331,20 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(crypto_aes_set_key);
>>>> f_rl(bo, bi, 3, k); \
>>>> } while (0)
>>>>
>>>> +#if __GNUC__ >= 7
>>>> +/*
>>>> + * Newer compilers try to optimize integer arithmetic more aggressively,
>>>> + * which generally improves code quality a lot, but in this specific case
>>>> + * ends up hurting more than it helps, in some configurations drastically
>>>> + * so. This turns off two optimization steps that have been shown to
>>>> + * lead to rather badly optimized code with gcc-7.
>>>> + *
>>>> + * See also https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=83356
>>>> + */
>>>> +#pragma GCC optimize("-fno-tree-pre")
>>>> +#pragma GCC optimize("-fno-tree-sra")
>>>
>>> So do it only when UBSAN is enabled? GCC doesn't have a particular
>>> predefined macro for those (only for asan and tsan), but either the kernel
>>> does have something already, or could have something added in the
>>> corresponding Makefile.
>>
>> My original interpretation of the resulting object code suggested that disabling
>> those two optimizations produced better results for this particular
>> file even without
>> UBSAN, on both gcc-7 and gcc-8 (but not gcc-6), so my patch might have
>> been better, but I did some measurements now as Ard suggested, showing
>> cycles/byte for AES256/CBC with 8KB blocks:
>>
>>
>> default ubsan patched patched+ubsan
>> gcc-4.3.6 14.9 ---- 14.9 ----
>> gcc-4.6.4 15.0 ---- 15.8 ----
>> gcc-4.9.4 15.5 20.7 15.9 20.9
>> gcc-5.5.0 15.6 47.3 86.4 48.8
>> gcc-6.3.1 14.6 49.4 94.3 50.9
>> gcc-7.1.1 13.5 54.6 15.2 52.0
>> gcc-7.2.1 16.8 124.7 92.0 52.2
>> gcc-8.0.0 15.0 no boot 15.3 no boot
>>
>> I checked that there are actually three significant digits on the measurements,
>> detailed output is available at https://pastebin.com/eFsWYjQp
>>
>> It seems that I was wrong about the interpretation that disabling
>> the optimization would be a win on gcc-7 and higher, it almost
>> always makes things worse even with UBSAN. Making that
>> check "#if __GNUC__ == 7 && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_UBSAN_SANITIZE_ALL)"
>> would help here, or we could list the file as an exception for
>> UBSAN and never sanitize it.
>>
>> Looking at the 'default' column, I wonder if anyone would be interested
>> in looking at why the throughput regressed with gcc-7.2 and gcc-8.
>>
>
> Thanks for the elaborate benchmarks. Looking at the bugzilla entry, it
> appears the UBSAN code inserts runtime checks to ensure that certain
> u8 variables don't assume values <0 or >255, which seems like a rather
> pointless exercise to me. But even if it didn't, I think it is
> justified to disable UBSAN on all of the low-level cipher
> implementations, given that they are hardly ever modified, and
> typically don't suffer from the issues UBSAN tries to identify.
>
> So my vote is to disable UBSAN for all such cipher implementations:
> aes_generic, but also aes_ti, which has a similar 256 byte lookup
> table [although it does not seem to be affected by the same issue as
> aes_generic], and possibly others as well.
>
> Perhaps it makes sense to move core cipher code into a separate
> sub-directory, and disable UBSAN at the directory level?
>
> It would involve the following files
>
> crypto/aes_generic.c
> crypto/aes_ti.c
> crypto/anubis.c
> crypto/arc4.c
> crypto/blowfish_generic.c
> crypto/camellia_generic.c
> crypto/cast5_generic.c
> crypto/cast6_generic.c
> crypto/des_generic.c
> crypto/fcrypt.c
> crypto/khazad.c
> crypto/seed.c
> crypto/serpent_generic.c
> crypto/tea.c
> crypto/twofish_generic.c

As *SAN is enabled only on developer setup, is such a change required?
Looks like I am missing something here. Can you explain what value it
provides?

Regards,
PrasannaKumar

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