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Subject[PATCH v9 29/51] mm/mprotect, powerpc/mm/pkeys, x86/mm/pkeys: Add sysfs interface
Date
From: Thiago Jung Bauermann <bauerman@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

Expose useful information for programs using memory protection keys.
Provide implementation for powerpc and x86.

On a powerpc system with pkeys support, here is what is shown:

$ head /sys/kernel/mm/protection_keys/*
==> /sys/kernel/mm/protection_keys/disable_access_supported <==
true

==> /sys/kernel/mm/protection_keys/disable_execute_supported <==
true

==> /sys/kernel/mm/protection_keys/disable_write_supported <==
true

==> /sys/kernel/mm/protection_keys/total_keys <==
31

==> /sys/kernel/mm/protection_keys/usable_keys <==
27

And on an x86 without pkeys support:

$ head /sys/kernel/mm/protection_keys/*
==> /sys/kernel/mm/protection_keys/disable_access_supported <==
false

==> /sys/kernel/mm/protection_keys/disable_execute_supported <==
false

==> /sys/kernel/mm/protection_keys/disable_write_supported <==
false

==> /sys/kernel/mm/protection_keys/total_keys <==
1

==> /sys/kernel/mm/protection_keys/usable_keys <==
0

Signed-off-by: Ram Pai <linuxram@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Thiago Jung Bauermann <bauerman@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
arch/powerpc/include/asm/pkeys.h | 2 +
arch/powerpc/mm/pkeys.c | 24 ++++++++++
arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h | 4 +-
arch/x86/include/asm/pkeys.h | 1 +
arch/x86/mm/pkeys.c | 9 ++++
include/linux/pkeys.h | 2 +-
mm/mprotect.c | 88 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
7 files changed, 128 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/pkeys.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/pkeys.h
index 333fb28..6d70b1a 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/pkeys.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/pkeys.h
@@ -237,6 +237,8 @@ static inline void pkey_mmu_values(int total_data, int total_execute)
pkeys_total = total_data;
}

+extern bool arch_supports_pkeys(int cap);
+extern unsigned int arch_usable_pkeys(void);
extern void thread_pkey_regs_save(struct thread_struct *thread);
extern void thread_pkey_regs_restore(struct thread_struct *new_thread,
struct thread_struct *old_thread);
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/pkeys.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/pkeys.c
index 2612f61..7e8468f 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/pkeys.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/pkeys.c
@@ -421,6 +421,30 @@ bool arch_vma_access_permitted(struct vm_area_struct *vma, bool write,
return pkey_access_permitted(vma_pkey(vma), write, execute);
}

+unsigned int arch_usable_pkeys(void)
+{
+ unsigned int reserved;
+
+ if (static_branch_likely(&pkey_disabled))
+ return 0;
+
+ /* Reserve one more to account for the execute-only pkey. */
+ reserved = hweight32(initial_allocation_mask) + 1;
+
+ return pkeys_total > reserved ? pkeys_total - reserved : 0;
+}
+
+bool arch_supports_pkeys(int cap)
+{
+ if (static_branch_likely(&pkey_disabled))
+ return false;
+
+ if (cap & PKEY_DISABLE_EXECUTE)
+ return pkey_execute_disable_supported;
+
+ return (cap & (PKEY_DISABLE_ACCESS | PKEY_DISABLE_WRITE));
+}
+
long sys_pkey_modify(int pkey, unsigned long new_val)
{
bool ret;
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
index 6699fc4..e3efabb 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
@@ -129,6 +129,8 @@ static inline void switch_ldt(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next)

void enter_lazy_tlb(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *tsk);

+#define PKEY_INITIAL_ALLOCATION_MAP 1
+
static inline int init_new_context(struct task_struct *tsk,
struct mm_struct *mm)
{
@@ -138,7 +140,7 @@ static inline int init_new_context(struct task_struct *tsk,
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS
if (cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) {
/* pkey 0 is the default and always allocated */
- mm->context.pkey_allocation_map = 0x1;
+ mm->context.pkey_allocation_map = PKEY_INITIAL_ALLOCATION_MAP;
/* -1 means unallocated or invalid */
mm->context.execute_only_pkey = -1;
}
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pkeys.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pkeys.h
index f6c287b..6807288 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pkeys.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pkeys.h
@@ -106,5 +106,6 @@ extern int arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *tsk, int pkey,
extern int __arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *tsk, int pkey,
unsigned long init_val);
extern void copy_init_pkru_to_fpregs(void);
+extern unsigned int arch_usable_pkeys(void);

#endif /*_ASM_X86_PKEYS_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/pkeys.c b/arch/x86/mm/pkeys.c
index d7bc0ee..3083a59 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/pkeys.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/pkeys.c
@@ -122,6 +122,15 @@ int __arch_override_mprotect_pkey(struct vm_area_struct *vma, int prot, int pkey
return vma_pkey(vma);
}

+unsigned int arch_usable_pkeys(void)
+{
+ /* Reserve one more to account for the execute-only pkey. */
+ unsigned int reserved = (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE) ?
+ hweight32(PKEY_INITIAL_ALLOCATION_MAP) : 0) + 1;
+
+ return arch_max_pkey() > reserved ? arch_max_pkey() - reserved : 0;
+}
+
#define PKRU_AD_KEY(pkey) (PKRU_AD_BIT << ((pkey) * PKRU_BITS_PER_PKEY))

/*
diff --git a/include/linux/pkeys.h b/include/linux/pkeys.h
index 3ca2e44..0784f20 100644
--- a/include/linux/pkeys.h
+++ b/include/linux/pkeys.h
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
#define arch_max_pkey() (1)
#define execute_only_pkey(mm) (0)
#define arch_override_mprotect_pkey(vma, prot, pkey) (0)
+#define arch_usable_pkeys() (0)
#define PKEY_DEDICATED_EXECUTE_ONLY 0
#define ARCH_VM_PKEY_FLAGS 0

@@ -43,7 +44,6 @@ static inline bool arch_pkeys_enabled(void)
static inline void copy_init_pkru_to_fpregs(void)
{
}
-
#endif /* ! CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS */

#endif /* _LINUX_PKEYS_H */
diff --git a/mm/mprotect.c b/mm/mprotect.c
index ec39f73..43a4584 100644
--- a/mm/mprotect.c
+++ b/mm/mprotect.c
@@ -568,4 +568,92 @@ static int do_mprotect_pkey(unsigned long start, size_t len,
return ret;
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS
+
+#define PKEYS_ATTR_RO(_name) \
+ static struct kobj_attribute _name##_attr = __ATTR_RO(_name)
+
+static ssize_t total_keys_show(struct kobject *kobj,
+ struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+ return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", arch_max_pkey());
+}
+PKEYS_ATTR_RO(total_keys);
+
+static ssize_t usable_keys_show(struct kobject *kobj,
+ struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+ return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", arch_usable_pkeys());
+}
+PKEYS_ATTR_RO(usable_keys);
+
+static ssize_t disable_access_supported_show(struct kobject *kobj,
+ struct kobj_attribute *attr,
+ char *buf)
+{
+ if (arch_pkeys_enabled()) {
+ strcpy(buf, "true\n");
+ return sizeof("true\n") - 1;
+ }
+
+ strcpy(buf, "false\n");
+ return sizeof("false\n") - 1;
+}
+PKEYS_ATTR_RO(disable_access_supported);
+
+static ssize_t disable_write_supported_show(struct kobject *kobj,
+ struct kobj_attribute *attr,
+ char *buf)
+{
+ if (arch_pkeys_enabled()) {
+ strcpy(buf, "true\n");
+ return sizeof("true\n") - 1;
+ }
+
+ strcpy(buf, "false\n");
+ return sizeof("false\n") - 1;
+}
+PKEYS_ATTR_RO(disable_write_supported);
+
+static ssize_t disable_execute_supported_show(struct kobject *kobj,
+ struct kobj_attribute *attr,
+ char *buf)
+{
+#ifdef PKEY_DISABLE_EXECUTE
+ if (arch_supports_pkeys(PKEY_DISABLE_EXECUTE)) {
+ strcpy(buf, "true\n");
+ return sizeof("true\n") - 1;
+ }
+#endif
+
+ strcpy(buf, "false\n");
+ return sizeof("false\n") - 1;
+}
+PKEYS_ATTR_RO(disable_execute_supported);
+
+static struct attribute *pkeys_attrs[] = {
+ &total_keys_attr.attr,
+ &usable_keys_attr.attr,
+ &disable_access_supported_attr.attr,
+ &disable_write_supported_attr.attr,
+ &disable_execute_supported_attr.attr,
+ NULL,
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group pkeys_attr_group = {
+ .attrs = pkeys_attrs,
+ .name = "protection_keys",
+};
+
+static int __init pkeys_sysfs_init(void)
+{
+ int err;
+
+ err = sysfs_create_group(mm_kobj, &pkeys_attr_group);
+
+ return err;
+}
+late_initcall(pkeys_sysfs_init);
+#endif /* CONFIG_SYSFS */
+
#endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS */
--
1.7.1
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