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Subject[PATCH] mm, mlock, vmscan: no more skipping pagevecs
Date
When a thread mlocks an address space backed by file, a new
page is allocated (assuming file page is not in memory), added
to the local pagevec (lru_add_pvec), I/O is triggered and the
thread then sleeps on the page. On I/O completion, the thread
can wake on a different CPU, the mlock syscall will then sets
the PageMlocked() bit of the page but will not be able to put
that page in unevictable LRU as the page is on the pagevec of
a different CPU. Even on drain, that page will go to evictable
LRU because the PageMlocked() bit is not checked on pagevec
drain.

The page will eventually go to right LRU on reclaim but the
LRU stats will remain skewed for a long time.

However, this issue does not happen for anon pages on swap
because unlike file pages, anon pages are not added to pagevec
until they have been fully swapped in. Also the fault handler
uses vm_flags to set the PageMlocked() bit of such anon pages
even before returning to mlock() syscall and mlocked pages will
skip pagevecs and directly be put into unevictable LRU. No such
luck for file pages.

One way to resolve this issue, is to somehow plumb vm_flags from
filemap_fault() to add_to_page_cache_lru() which will then skip
the pagevec for pages of VM_LOCKED vma and directly put them to
unevictable LRU. However this patch took a different approach.

All the pages, even unevictable, will be added to the pagevecs
and on the drain, the pages will be added on their LRUs correctly
by checking their evictability. This resolves the mlocked file
pages on pagevec of other CPUs issue because when those pagevecs
will be drained, the mlocked file pages will go to unevictable
LRU. Also this makes the race with munlock easier to resolve
because the pagevec drains happen in LRU lock.

There is one (good) side effect though. Without this patch, the
pages allocated for System V shared memory segment are added to
evictable LRUs even after shmctl(SHM_LOCK) on that segment. This
patch will correctly put such pages to unevictable LRU.

Signed-off-by: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
---
include/linux/swap.h | 2 --
mm/swap.c | 68 +++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------------------
mm/vmscan.c | 59 +--------------------------------------------
3 files changed, 34 insertions(+), 95 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/swap.h b/include/linux/swap.h
index f02fb5db8914..9b31d04914eb 100644
--- a/include/linux/swap.h
+++ b/include/linux/swap.h
@@ -326,8 +326,6 @@ extern void deactivate_file_page(struct page *page);
extern void mark_page_lazyfree(struct page *page);
extern void swap_setup(void);

-extern void add_page_to_unevictable_list(struct page *page);
-
extern void lru_cache_add_active_or_unevictable(struct page *page,
struct vm_area_struct *vma);

diff --git a/mm/swap.c b/mm/swap.c
index a77d68f2c1b6..776fb33e81d3 100644
--- a/mm/swap.c
+++ b/mm/swap.c
@@ -445,30 +445,6 @@ void lru_cache_add(struct page *page)
__lru_cache_add(page);
}

-/**
- * add_page_to_unevictable_list - add a page to the unevictable list
- * @page: the page to be added to the unevictable list
- *
- * Add page directly to its zone's unevictable list. To avoid races with
- * tasks that might be making the page evictable, through eg. munlock,
- * munmap or exit, while it's not on the lru, we want to add the page
- * while it's locked or otherwise "invisible" to other tasks. This is
- * difficult to do when using the pagevec cache, so bypass that.
- */
-void add_page_to_unevictable_list(struct page *page)
-{
- struct pglist_data *pgdat = page_pgdat(page);
- struct lruvec *lruvec;
-
- spin_lock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock);
- lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, pgdat);
- ClearPageActive(page);
- SetPageUnevictable(page);
- SetPageLRU(page);
- add_page_to_lru_list(page, lruvec, LRU_UNEVICTABLE);
- spin_unlock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock);
-}
-
/**
* lru_cache_add_active_or_unevictable
* @page: the page to be added to LRU
@@ -484,13 +460,9 @@ void lru_cache_add_active_or_unevictable(struct page *page,
{
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageLRU(page), page);

- if (likely((vma->vm_flags & (VM_LOCKED | VM_SPECIAL)) != VM_LOCKED)) {
+ if (likely((vma->vm_flags & (VM_LOCKED | VM_SPECIAL)) != VM_LOCKED))
SetPageActive(page);
- lru_cache_add(page);
- return;
- }
-
- if (!TestSetPageMlocked(page)) {
+ else if (!TestSetPageMlocked(page)) {
/*
* We use the irq-unsafe __mod_zone_page_stat because this
* counter is not modified from interrupt context, and the pte
@@ -500,7 +472,7 @@ void lru_cache_add_active_or_unevictable(struct page *page,
hpage_nr_pages(page));
count_vm_event(UNEVICTABLE_PGMLOCKED);
}
- add_page_to_unevictable_list(page);
+ lru_cache_add(page);
}

/*
@@ -883,15 +855,41 @@ void lru_add_page_tail(struct page *page, struct page *page_tail,
static void __pagevec_lru_add_fn(struct page *page, struct lruvec *lruvec,
void *arg)
{
- int file = page_is_file_cache(page);
- int active = PageActive(page);
- enum lru_list lru = page_lru(page);
+ enum lru_list lru;
+ int was_unevictable = TestClearPageUnevictable(page);

VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageLRU(page), page);

SetPageLRU(page);
+ /*
+ * Page becomes evictable in two ways:
+ * 1) Within LRU lock [munlock_vma_pages() and __munlock_pagevec()].
+ * 2) Before acquiring LRU lock to put the page to correct LRU and then
+ * a) do PageLRU check with lock [check_move_unevictable_pages]
+ * b) do PageLRU check before lock [isolate_lru_page]
+ *
+ * (1) & (2a) are ok as LRU lock will serialize them. For (2b), if the
+ * other thread does not observe our setting of PG_lru and fails
+ * isolation, the following page_evictable() check will make us put
+ * the page in correct LRU.
+ */
+ smp_mb();
+
+ if (page_evictable(page)) {
+ lru = page_lru(page);
+ update_page_reclaim_stat(lruvec, page_is_file_cache(page),
+ PageActive(page));
+ if (was_unevictable)
+ count_vm_event(UNEVICTABLE_PGRESCUED);
+ } else {
+ lru = LRU_UNEVICTABLE;
+ ClearPageActive(page);
+ SetPageUnevictable(page);
+ if (!was_unevictable)
+ count_vm_event(UNEVICTABLE_PGCULLED);
+ }
+
add_page_to_lru_list(page, lruvec, lru);
- update_page_reclaim_stat(lruvec, file, active);
trace_mm_lru_insertion(page, lru);
}

diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
index eb2f0315b8c0..b171da71eadf 100644
--- a/mm/vmscan.c
+++ b/mm/vmscan.c
@@ -787,64 +787,7 @@ int remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page)
*/
void putback_lru_page(struct page *page)
{
- bool is_unevictable;
- int was_unevictable = PageUnevictable(page);
-
- VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageLRU(page), page);
-
-redo:
- ClearPageUnevictable(page);
-
- if (page_evictable(page)) {
- /*
- * For evictable pages, we can use the cache.
- * In event of a race, worst case is we end up with an
- * unevictable page on [in]active list.
- * We know how to handle that.
- */
- is_unevictable = false;
- lru_cache_add(page);
- } else {
- /*
- * Put unevictable pages directly on zone's unevictable
- * list.
- */
- is_unevictable = true;
- add_page_to_unevictable_list(page);
- /*
- * When racing with an mlock or AS_UNEVICTABLE clearing
- * (page is unlocked) make sure that if the other thread
- * does not observe our setting of PG_lru and fails
- * isolation/check_move_unevictable_pages,
- * we see PG_mlocked/AS_UNEVICTABLE cleared below and move
- * the page back to the evictable list.
- *
- * The other side is TestClearPageMlocked() or shmem_lock().
- */
- smp_mb();
- }
-
- /*
- * page's status can change while we move it among lru. If an evictable
- * page is on unevictable list, it never be freed. To avoid that,
- * check after we added it to the list, again.
- */
- if (is_unevictable && page_evictable(page)) {
- if (!isolate_lru_page(page)) {
- put_page(page);
- goto redo;
- }
- /* This means someone else dropped this page from LRU
- * So, it will be freed or putback to LRU again. There is
- * nothing to do here.
- */
- }
-
- if (was_unevictable && !is_unevictable)
- count_vm_event(UNEVICTABLE_PGRESCUED);
- else if (!was_unevictable && is_unevictable)
- count_vm_event(UNEVICTABLE_PGCULLED);
-
+ lru_cache_add(page);
put_page(page); /* drop ref from isolate */
}

--
2.15.0.403.gc27cc4dac6-goog
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