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Subject[PATCH 4.9 054/138] mtd: nand: omap2: Fix subpage write
Date
4.9-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Roger Quadros <rogerq@ti.com>

commit 739c64414f01748a36e7d82c8e0611dea94412bd upstream.

Since v4.12, NAND subpage writes were causing a NULL pointer
dereference on OMAP platforms (omap2-nand) using OMAP_ECC_BCH4_CODE_HW,
OMAP_ECC_BCH8_CODE_HW and OMAP_ECC_BCH16_CODE_HW.

This is because for those ECC modes, omap_calculate_ecc_bch()
generates ECC bytes for the entire (multi-sector) page and this can
overflow the ECC buffer provided by nand_write_subpage_hwecc()
as it expects ecc.calculate() to return ECC bytes for just one sector.

However, the root cause of the problem is present since v3.9
but was not seen then as NAND buffers were being allocated
as one big chunk prior to commit 3deb9979c731 ("mtd: nand: allocate
aligned buffers if NAND_OWN_BUFFERS is unset").

Fix the issue by providing a OMAP optimized write_subpage()
implementation.

Fixes: 62116e5171e0 ("mtd: nand: omap2: Support for hardware BCH error correction.")
Signed-off-by: Roger Quadros <rogerq@ti.com>
Signed-off-by: Boris Brezillon <boris.brezillon@free-electrons.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
drivers/mtd/nand/omap2.c | 339 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
1 file changed, 224 insertions(+), 115 deletions(-)

--- a/drivers/mtd/nand/omap2.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/omap2.c
@@ -1133,129 +1133,172 @@ static u8 bch8_polynomial[] = {0xef, 0x
0x97, 0x79, 0xe5, 0x24, 0xb5};

/**
- * omap_calculate_ecc_bch - Generate bytes of ECC bytes
+ * _omap_calculate_ecc_bch - Generate ECC bytes for one sector
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @dat: The pointer to data on which ecc is computed
* @ecc_code: The ecc_code buffer
+ * @i: The sector number (for a multi sector page)
*
- * Support calculating of BCH4/8 ecc vectors for the page
+ * Support calculating of BCH4/8/16 ECC vectors for one sector
+ * within a page. Sector number is in @i.
*/
-static int __maybe_unused omap_calculate_ecc_bch(struct mtd_info *mtd,
- const u_char *dat, u_char *ecc_calc)
+static int _omap_calculate_ecc_bch(struct mtd_info *mtd,
+ const u_char *dat, u_char *ecc_calc, int i)
{
struct omap_nand_info *info = mtd_to_omap(mtd);
int eccbytes = info->nand.ecc.bytes;
struct gpmc_nand_regs *gpmc_regs = &info->reg;
u8 *ecc_code;
- unsigned long nsectors, bch_val1, bch_val2, bch_val3, bch_val4;
+ unsigned long bch_val1, bch_val2, bch_val3, bch_val4;
u32 val;
- int i, j;
+ int j;
+
+ ecc_code = ecc_calc;
+ switch (info->ecc_opt) {
+ case OMAP_ECC_BCH8_CODE_HW_DETECTION_SW:
+ case OMAP_ECC_BCH8_CODE_HW:
+ bch_val1 = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result0[i]);
+ bch_val2 = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result1[i]);
+ bch_val3 = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result2[i]);
+ bch_val4 = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result3[i]);
+ *ecc_code++ = (bch_val4 & 0xFF);
+ *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val3 >> 24) & 0xFF);
+ *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val3 >> 16) & 0xFF);
+ *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val3 >> 8) & 0xFF);
+ *ecc_code++ = (bch_val3 & 0xFF);
+ *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val2 >> 24) & 0xFF);
+ *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val2 >> 16) & 0xFF);
+ *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val2 >> 8) & 0xFF);
+ *ecc_code++ = (bch_val2 & 0xFF);
+ *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val1 >> 24) & 0xFF);
+ *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val1 >> 16) & 0xFF);
+ *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val1 >> 8) & 0xFF);
+ *ecc_code++ = (bch_val1 & 0xFF);
+ break;
+ case OMAP_ECC_BCH4_CODE_HW_DETECTION_SW:
+ case OMAP_ECC_BCH4_CODE_HW:
+ bch_val1 = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result0[i]);
+ bch_val2 = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result1[i]);
+ *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val2 >> 12) & 0xFF);
+ *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val2 >> 4) & 0xFF);
+ *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val2 & 0xF) << 4) |
+ ((bch_val1 >> 28) & 0xF);
+ *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val1 >> 20) & 0xFF);
+ *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val1 >> 12) & 0xFF);
+ *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val1 >> 4) & 0xFF);
+ *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val1 & 0xF) << 4);
+ break;
+ case OMAP_ECC_BCH16_CODE_HW:
+ val = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result6[i]);
+ ecc_code[0] = ((val >> 8) & 0xFF);
+ ecc_code[1] = ((val >> 0) & 0xFF);
+ val = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result5[i]);
+ ecc_code[2] = ((val >> 24) & 0xFF);
+ ecc_code[3] = ((val >> 16) & 0xFF);
+ ecc_code[4] = ((val >> 8) & 0xFF);
+ ecc_code[5] = ((val >> 0) & 0xFF);
+ val = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result4[i]);
+ ecc_code[6] = ((val >> 24) & 0xFF);
+ ecc_code[7] = ((val >> 16) & 0xFF);
+ ecc_code[8] = ((val >> 8) & 0xFF);
+ ecc_code[9] = ((val >> 0) & 0xFF);
+ val = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result3[i]);
+ ecc_code[10] = ((val >> 24) & 0xFF);
+ ecc_code[11] = ((val >> 16) & 0xFF);
+ ecc_code[12] = ((val >> 8) & 0xFF);
+ ecc_code[13] = ((val >> 0) & 0xFF);
+ val = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result2[i]);
+ ecc_code[14] = ((val >> 24) & 0xFF);
+ ecc_code[15] = ((val >> 16) & 0xFF);
+ ecc_code[16] = ((val >> 8) & 0xFF);
+ ecc_code[17] = ((val >> 0) & 0xFF);
+ val = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result1[i]);
+ ecc_code[18] = ((val >> 24) & 0xFF);
+ ecc_code[19] = ((val >> 16) & 0xFF);
+ ecc_code[20] = ((val >> 8) & 0xFF);
+ ecc_code[21] = ((val >> 0) & 0xFF);
+ val = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result0[i]);
+ ecc_code[22] = ((val >> 24) & 0xFF);
+ ecc_code[23] = ((val >> 16) & 0xFF);
+ ecc_code[24] = ((val >> 8) & 0xFF);
+ ecc_code[25] = ((val >> 0) & 0xFF);
+ break;
+ default:
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ /* ECC scheme specific syndrome customizations */
+ switch (info->ecc_opt) {
+ case OMAP_ECC_BCH4_CODE_HW_DETECTION_SW:
+ /* Add constant polynomial to remainder, so that
+ * ECC of blank pages results in 0x0 on reading back
+ */
+ for (j = 0; j < eccbytes; j++)
+ ecc_calc[j] ^= bch4_polynomial[j];
+ break;
+ case OMAP_ECC_BCH4_CODE_HW:
+ /* Set 8th ECC byte as 0x0 for ROM compatibility */
+ ecc_calc[eccbytes - 1] = 0x0;
+ break;
+ case OMAP_ECC_BCH8_CODE_HW_DETECTION_SW:
+ /* Add constant polynomial to remainder, so that
+ * ECC of blank pages results in 0x0 on reading back
+ */
+ for (j = 0; j < eccbytes; j++)
+ ecc_calc[j] ^= bch8_polynomial[j];
+ break;
+ case OMAP_ECC_BCH8_CODE_HW:
+ /* Set 14th ECC byte as 0x0 for ROM compatibility */
+ ecc_calc[eccbytes - 1] = 0x0;
+ break;
+ case OMAP_ECC_BCH16_CODE_HW:
+ break;
+ default:
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * omap_calculate_ecc_bch_sw - ECC generator for sector for SW based correction
+ * @mtd: MTD device structure
+ * @dat: The pointer to data on which ecc is computed
+ * @ecc_code: The ecc_code buffer
+ *
+ * Support calculating of BCH4/8/16 ECC vectors for one sector. This is used
+ * when SW based correction is required as ECC is required for one sector
+ * at a time.
+ */
+static int omap_calculate_ecc_bch_sw(struct mtd_info *mtd,
+ const u_char *dat, u_char *ecc_calc)
+{
+ return _omap_calculate_ecc_bch(mtd, dat, ecc_calc, 0);
+}
+
+/**
+ * omap_calculate_ecc_bch_multi - Generate ECC for multiple sectors
+ * @mtd: MTD device structure
+ * @dat: The pointer to data on which ecc is computed
+ * @ecc_code: The ecc_code buffer
+ *
+ * Support calculating of BCH4/8/16 ecc vectors for the entire page in one go.
+ */
+static int omap_calculate_ecc_bch_multi(struct mtd_info *mtd,
+ const u_char *dat, u_char *ecc_calc)
+{
+ struct omap_nand_info *info = mtd_to_omap(mtd);
+ int eccbytes = info->nand.ecc.bytes;
+ unsigned long nsectors;
+ int i, ret;

nsectors = ((readl(info->reg.gpmc_ecc_config) >> 4) & 0x7) + 1;
for (i = 0; i < nsectors; i++) {
- ecc_code = ecc_calc;
- switch (info->ecc_opt) {
- case OMAP_ECC_BCH8_CODE_HW_DETECTION_SW:
- case OMAP_ECC_BCH8_CODE_HW:
- bch_val1 = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result0[i]);
- bch_val2 = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result1[i]);
- bch_val3 = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result2[i]);
- bch_val4 = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result3[i]);
- *ecc_code++ = (bch_val4 & 0xFF);
- *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val3 >> 24) & 0xFF);
- *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val3 >> 16) & 0xFF);
- *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val3 >> 8) & 0xFF);
- *ecc_code++ = (bch_val3 & 0xFF);
- *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val2 >> 24) & 0xFF);
- *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val2 >> 16) & 0xFF);
- *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val2 >> 8) & 0xFF);
- *ecc_code++ = (bch_val2 & 0xFF);
- *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val1 >> 24) & 0xFF);
- *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val1 >> 16) & 0xFF);
- *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val1 >> 8) & 0xFF);
- *ecc_code++ = (bch_val1 & 0xFF);
- break;
- case OMAP_ECC_BCH4_CODE_HW_DETECTION_SW:
- case OMAP_ECC_BCH4_CODE_HW:
- bch_val1 = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result0[i]);
- bch_val2 = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result1[i]);
- *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val2 >> 12) & 0xFF);
- *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val2 >> 4) & 0xFF);
- *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val2 & 0xF) << 4) |
- ((bch_val1 >> 28) & 0xF);
- *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val1 >> 20) & 0xFF);
- *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val1 >> 12) & 0xFF);
- *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val1 >> 4) & 0xFF);
- *ecc_code++ = ((bch_val1 & 0xF) << 4);
- break;
- case OMAP_ECC_BCH16_CODE_HW:
- val = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result6[i]);
- ecc_code[0] = ((val >> 8) & 0xFF);
- ecc_code[1] = ((val >> 0) & 0xFF);
- val = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result5[i]);
- ecc_code[2] = ((val >> 24) & 0xFF);
- ecc_code[3] = ((val >> 16) & 0xFF);
- ecc_code[4] = ((val >> 8) & 0xFF);
- ecc_code[5] = ((val >> 0) & 0xFF);
- val = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result4[i]);
- ecc_code[6] = ((val >> 24) & 0xFF);
- ecc_code[7] = ((val >> 16) & 0xFF);
- ecc_code[8] = ((val >> 8) & 0xFF);
- ecc_code[9] = ((val >> 0) & 0xFF);
- val = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result3[i]);
- ecc_code[10] = ((val >> 24) & 0xFF);
- ecc_code[11] = ((val >> 16) & 0xFF);
- ecc_code[12] = ((val >> 8) & 0xFF);
- ecc_code[13] = ((val >> 0) & 0xFF);
- val = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result2[i]);
- ecc_code[14] = ((val >> 24) & 0xFF);
- ecc_code[15] = ((val >> 16) & 0xFF);
- ecc_code[16] = ((val >> 8) & 0xFF);
- ecc_code[17] = ((val >> 0) & 0xFF);
- val = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result1[i]);
- ecc_code[18] = ((val >> 24) & 0xFF);
- ecc_code[19] = ((val >> 16) & 0xFF);
- ecc_code[20] = ((val >> 8) & 0xFF);
- ecc_code[21] = ((val >> 0) & 0xFF);
- val = readl(gpmc_regs->gpmc_bch_result0[i]);
- ecc_code[22] = ((val >> 24) & 0xFF);
- ecc_code[23] = ((val >> 16) & 0xFF);
- ecc_code[24] = ((val >> 8) & 0xFF);
- ecc_code[25] = ((val >> 0) & 0xFF);
- break;
- default:
- return -EINVAL;
- }
-
- /* ECC scheme specific syndrome customizations */
- switch (info->ecc_opt) {
- case OMAP_ECC_BCH4_CODE_HW_DETECTION_SW:
- /* Add constant polynomial to remainder, so that
- * ECC of blank pages results in 0x0 on reading back */
- for (j = 0; j < eccbytes; j++)
- ecc_calc[j] ^= bch4_polynomial[j];
- break;
- case OMAP_ECC_BCH4_CODE_HW:
- /* Set 8th ECC byte as 0x0 for ROM compatibility */
- ecc_calc[eccbytes - 1] = 0x0;
- break;
- case OMAP_ECC_BCH8_CODE_HW_DETECTION_SW:
- /* Add constant polynomial to remainder, so that
- * ECC of blank pages results in 0x0 on reading back */
- for (j = 0; j < eccbytes; j++)
- ecc_calc[j] ^= bch8_polynomial[j];
- break;
- case OMAP_ECC_BCH8_CODE_HW:
- /* Set 14th ECC byte as 0x0 for ROM compatibility */
- ecc_calc[eccbytes - 1] = 0x0;
- break;
- case OMAP_ECC_BCH16_CODE_HW:
- break;
- default:
- return -EINVAL;
- }
+ ret = _omap_calculate_ecc_bch(mtd, dat, ecc_calc, i);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;

- ecc_calc += eccbytes;
+ ecc_calc += eccbytes;
}

return 0;
@@ -1496,7 +1539,7 @@ static int omap_write_page_bch(struct mt
chip->write_buf(mtd, buf, mtd->writesize);

/* Update ecc vector from GPMC result registers */
- chip->ecc.calculate(mtd, buf, &ecc_calc[0]);
+ omap_calculate_ecc_bch_multi(mtd, buf, &ecc_calc[0]);

ret = mtd_ooblayout_set_eccbytes(mtd, ecc_calc, chip->oob_poi, 0,
chip->ecc.total);
@@ -1509,6 +1552,72 @@ static int omap_write_page_bch(struct mt
}

/**
+ * omap_write_subpage_bch - BCH hardware ECC based subpage write
+ * @mtd: mtd info structure
+ * @chip: nand chip info structure
+ * @offset: column address of subpage within the page
+ * @data_len: data length
+ * @buf: data buffer
+ * @oob_required: must write chip->oob_poi to OOB
+ * @page: page number to write
+ *
+ * OMAP optimized subpage write method.
+ */
+static int omap_write_subpage_bch(struct mtd_info *mtd,
+ struct nand_chip *chip, u32 offset,
+ u32 data_len, const u8 *buf,
+ int oob_required, int page)
+{
+ u8 *ecc_calc = chip->buffers->ecccalc;
+ int ecc_size = chip->ecc.size;
+ int ecc_bytes = chip->ecc.bytes;
+ int ecc_steps = chip->ecc.steps;
+ u32 start_step = offset / ecc_size;
+ u32 end_step = (offset + data_len - 1) / ecc_size;
+ int step, ret = 0;
+
+ /*
+ * Write entire page at one go as it would be optimal
+ * as ECC is calculated by hardware.
+ * ECC is calculated for all subpages but we choose
+ * only what we want.
+ */
+
+ /* Enable GPMC ECC engine */
+ chip->ecc.hwctl(mtd, NAND_ECC_WRITE);
+
+ /* Write data */
+ chip->write_buf(mtd, buf, mtd->writesize);
+
+ for (step = 0; step < ecc_steps; step++) {
+ /* mask ECC of un-touched subpages by padding 0xFF */
+ if (step < start_step || step > end_step)
+ memset(ecc_calc, 0xff, ecc_bytes);
+ else
+ ret = _omap_calculate_ecc_bch(mtd, buf, ecc_calc, step);
+
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ buf += ecc_size;
+ ecc_calc += ecc_bytes;
+ }
+
+ /* copy calculated ECC for whole page to chip->buffer->oob */
+ /* this include masked-value(0xFF) for unwritten subpages */
+ ecc_calc = chip->buffers->ecccalc;
+ ret = mtd_ooblayout_set_eccbytes(mtd, ecc_calc, chip->oob_poi, 0,
+ chip->ecc.total);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ /* write OOB buffer to NAND device */
+ chip->write_buf(mtd, chip->oob_poi, mtd->oobsize);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
* omap_read_page_bch - BCH ecc based page read function for entire page
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
@@ -1544,7 +1653,7 @@ static int omap_read_page_bch(struct mtd
chip->ecc.total);

/* Calculate ecc bytes */
- chip->ecc.calculate(mtd, buf, ecc_calc);
+ omap_calculate_ecc_bch_multi(mtd, buf, ecc_calc);

ret = mtd_ooblayout_get_eccbytes(mtd, ecc_code, chip->oob_poi, 0,
chip->ecc.total);
@@ -2044,7 +2153,7 @@ static int omap_nand_probe(struct platfo
nand_chip->ecc.strength = 4;
nand_chip->ecc.hwctl = omap_enable_hwecc_bch;
nand_chip->ecc.correct = nand_bch_correct_data;
- nand_chip->ecc.calculate = omap_calculate_ecc_bch;
+ nand_chip->ecc.calculate = omap_calculate_ecc_bch_sw;
mtd_set_ooblayout(mtd, &omap_sw_ooblayout_ops);
/* Reserve one byte for the OMAP marker */
oobbytes_per_step = nand_chip->ecc.bytes + 1;
@@ -2066,9 +2175,9 @@ static int omap_nand_probe(struct platfo
nand_chip->ecc.strength = 4;
nand_chip->ecc.hwctl = omap_enable_hwecc_bch;
nand_chip->ecc.correct = omap_elm_correct_data;
- nand_chip->ecc.calculate = omap_calculate_ecc_bch;
nand_chip->ecc.read_page = omap_read_page_bch;
nand_chip->ecc.write_page = omap_write_page_bch;
+ nand_chip->ecc.write_subpage = omap_write_subpage_bch;
mtd_set_ooblayout(mtd, &omap_ooblayout_ops);
oobbytes_per_step = nand_chip->ecc.bytes;

@@ -2087,7 +2196,7 @@ static int omap_nand_probe(struct platfo
nand_chip->ecc.strength = 8;
nand_chip->ecc.hwctl = omap_enable_hwecc_bch;
nand_chip->ecc.correct = nand_bch_correct_data;
- nand_chip->ecc.calculate = omap_calculate_ecc_bch;
+ nand_chip->ecc.calculate = omap_calculate_ecc_bch_sw;
mtd_set_ooblayout(mtd, &omap_sw_ooblayout_ops);
/* Reserve one byte for the OMAP marker */
oobbytes_per_step = nand_chip->ecc.bytes + 1;
@@ -2109,9 +2218,9 @@ static int omap_nand_probe(struct platfo
nand_chip->ecc.strength = 8;
nand_chip->ecc.hwctl = omap_enable_hwecc_bch;
nand_chip->ecc.correct = omap_elm_correct_data;
- nand_chip->ecc.calculate = omap_calculate_ecc_bch;
nand_chip->ecc.read_page = omap_read_page_bch;
nand_chip->ecc.write_page = omap_write_page_bch;
+ nand_chip->ecc.write_subpage = omap_write_subpage_bch;
mtd_set_ooblayout(mtd, &omap_ooblayout_ops);
oobbytes_per_step = nand_chip->ecc.bytes;

@@ -2131,9 +2240,9 @@ static int omap_nand_probe(struct platfo
nand_chip->ecc.strength = 16;
nand_chip->ecc.hwctl = omap_enable_hwecc_bch;
nand_chip->ecc.correct = omap_elm_correct_data;
- nand_chip->ecc.calculate = omap_calculate_ecc_bch;
nand_chip->ecc.read_page = omap_read_page_bch;
nand_chip->ecc.write_page = omap_write_page_bch;
+ nand_chip->ecc.write_subpage = omap_write_subpage_bch;
mtd_set_ooblayout(mtd, &omap_ooblayout_ops);
oobbytes_per_step = nand_chip->ecc.bytes;


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