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Subject[RFC PATCH] KVM: x86: Allow Qemu/KVM to use PVH entry point
Date
For certain applications it is desirable to rapidly boot a KVM virtual
machine. In cases where legacy hardware and software support within the
guest is not needed, Qemu should be able to boot directly into the
uncompressed Linux kernel binary without the need to run firmware.

There already exists an ABI to allow this for Xen PVH guests and the ABI is
supported by Linux and FreeBSD:

https://xenbits.xen.org/docs/unstable/misc/hvmlite.html

This PoC patch enables Qemu to use that same entry point for booting KVM
guests.

Even though the code is still PoC quality, I'm sending this as an RFC now
since there are a number of different ways the specific implementation
details can be handled. I chose a shared code path for Xen and KVM guests
but could just as easily create a separate code path that is advertised by
a different ELF note for KVM. There also seems to be some flexibility in
how the e820 table data is passed and how (or if) it should be identified
as e820 data. As a starting point, I've chosen the options that seem to
result in the smallest patch with minimal to no changes required of the
x86/HVM direct boot ABI.
---
arch/x86/xen/enlighten_pvh.c | 74 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
1 file changed, 55 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/xen/enlighten_pvh.c b/arch/x86/xen/enlighten_pvh.c
index 98ab176..d93f711 100644
--- a/arch/x86/xen/enlighten_pvh.c
+++ b/arch/x86/xen/enlighten_pvh.c
@@ -31,21 +31,46 @@ static void xen_pvh_arch_setup(void)
acpi_irq_model = ACPI_IRQ_MODEL_PLATFORM;
}

-static void __init init_pvh_bootparams(void)
+static void __init init_pvh_bootparams(bool xen_guest)
{
struct xen_memory_map memmap;
int rc;

memset(&pvh_bootparams, 0, sizeof(pvh_bootparams));

- memmap.nr_entries = ARRAY_SIZE(pvh_bootparams.e820_table);
- set_xen_guest_handle(memmap.buffer, pvh_bootparams.e820_table);
- rc = HYPERVISOR_memory_op(XENMEM_memory_map, &memmap);
- if (rc) {
- xen_raw_printk("XENMEM_memory_map failed (%d)\n", rc);
- BUG();
+ if (xen_guest) {
+ memmap.nr_entries = ARRAY_SIZE(pvh_bootparams.e820_table);
+ set_xen_guest_handle(memmap.buffer, pvh_bootparams.e820_table);
+ rc = HYPERVISOR_memory_op(XENMEM_memory_map, &memmap);
+ if (rc) {
+ xen_raw_printk("XENMEM_memory_map failed (%d)\n", rc);
+ BUG();
+ }
+ pvh_bootparams.e820_entries = memmap.nr_entries;
+ } else if (pvh_start_info.nr_modules > 1) {
+ /* The second module should be the e820 data for KVM guests */
+ struct hvm_modlist_entry *modaddr;
+ char e820_sig[] = "e820 data";
+ struct boot_e820_entry *ep;
+ struct e820_table *tp;
+ char *cmdline_str;
+ int idx;
+
+ modaddr = __va(pvh_start_info.modlist_paddr +
+ sizeof(struct hvm_modlist_entry));
+ cmdline_str = __va(modaddr->cmdline_paddr);
+
+ if ((modaddr->cmdline_paddr) &&
+ (!strncmp(e820_sig, cmdline_str, sizeof(e820_sig)))) {
+ tp = __va(modaddr->paddr);
+ ep = (struct boot_e820_entry *)tp->entries;
+
+ pvh_bootparams.e820_entries = tp->nr_entries;
+
+ for (idx = 0; idx < tp->nr_entries ; idx++, ep++)
+ pvh_bootparams.e820_table[idx] = *ep;
+ }
}
- pvh_bootparams.e820_entries = memmap.nr_entries;

if (pvh_bootparams.e820_entries < E820_MAX_ENTRIES_ZEROPAGE - 1) {
pvh_bootparams.e820_table[pvh_bootparams.e820_entries].addr =
@@ -55,8 +80,9 @@ static void __init init_pvh_bootparams(void)
pvh_bootparams.e820_table[pvh_bootparams.e820_entries].type =
E820_TYPE_RESERVED;
pvh_bootparams.e820_entries++;
- } else
+ } else if (xen_guest) {
xen_raw_printk("Warning: Can fit ISA range into e820\n");
+ }

pvh_bootparams.hdr.cmd_line_ptr =
pvh_start_info.cmdline_paddr;
@@ -76,7 +102,7 @@ static void __init init_pvh_bootparams(void)
* environment (i.e. hardware_subarch 0).
*/
pvh_bootparams.hdr.version = 0x212;
- pvh_bootparams.hdr.type_of_loader = (9 << 4) | 0; /* Xen loader */
+ pvh_bootparams.hdr.type_of_loader = ((xen_guest ? 0x9 : 0xb) << 4) | 0;
}

/*
@@ -85,22 +111,32 @@ static void __init init_pvh_bootparams(void)
*/
void __init xen_prepare_pvh(void)
{
- u32 msr;
+
+ u32 msr = xen_cpuid_base();
u64 pfn;
+ bool xen_guest = msr ? true : false;

if (pvh_start_info.magic != XEN_HVM_START_MAGIC_VALUE) {
- xen_raw_printk("Error: Unexpected magic value (0x%08x)\n",
- pvh_start_info.magic);
+ if (xen_guest)
+ xen_raw_printk("Error: Unexpected magic value (0x%08x)\n",
+ pvh_start_info.magic);
BUG();
}

- xen_pvh = 1;
+ if (xen_guest) {
+ xen_pvh = 1;
+
+ msr = cpuid_ebx(msr + 2);
+ pfn = __pa(hypercall_page);
+ wrmsr_safe(msr, (u32)pfn, (u32)(pfn >> 32));
+
+ } else if (!hypervisor_cpuid_base("KVMKVMKVM\0\0\0", 0)) {
+ BUG();
+ }

- msr = cpuid_ebx(xen_cpuid_base() + 2);
- pfn = __pa(hypercall_page);
- wrmsr_safe(msr, (u32)pfn, (u32)(pfn >> 32));
+ init_pvh_bootparams(xen_guest);

- init_pvh_bootparams();
+ if (xen_guest)
+ x86_init.oem.arch_setup = xen_pvh_arch_setup;

- x86_init.oem.arch_setup = xen_pvh_arch_setup;
}
--
1.8.3.1
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