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Subject4.14 regression - hang on shutdown (VIA longhaul related?)
On my Via EPIA-M min-ITX computer, 4.13 works reliably but 4.14 
shutdown or reboot hangs with message "sda: synchronizing cache".
Longhaul cpufreq has been enable manually with "longhaul.enable=1" and
it work but ocassionally logs th efollowing in dmesg:

longhaul: Warning: Timeout while waiting for idle PCI bus
cpufreq: __target_index: Failed to change cpu frequency: -16

It took time to bisect because with bad kernels, it does not happen each
time. Bisecting finally leads to the following commit. Reverting just
this commit makes it work again.

e948bc8fbee077735c2b71b991a5ca5e573f3506 is the first bad commit
commit e948bc8fbee077735c2b71b991a5ca5e573f3506
Author: Viresh Kumar <>
Date: Thu Aug 17 09:12:27 2017 +0530

cpufreq: Cap the default transition delay value to 10 ms

If transition_delay_us isn't defined by the cpufreq driver, the default
value of transition delay (time after which the cpufreq governor will
try updating the frequency again) is currently calculated by multiplying
transition_latency (nsec) with LATENCY_MULTIPLIER (1000) and then
converting this time to usec. That gives the exact same value as
transition_latency, just that the time unit is usec instead of nsec.

With acpi-cpufreq for example, transition_latency is set to around 10
usec and we get transition delay as 10 ms. Which seems to be a
reasonable amount of time to reevaluate the frequency again.

But for platforms where frequency switching isn't that fast (like ARM),
the transition_latency varies from 500 usec to 3 ms, and the transition
delay becomes 500 ms to 3 seconds. Of course, that is a pretty bad
default value to start with.

We can try to come across a better formula (instead of multiplying with
LATENCY_MULTIPLIER) to solve this problem, but will that be worth it ?

This patch tries a simple approach and caps the maximum value of default
transition delay to 10 ms. Of course, userspace can still come in and
change this value anytime or individual drivers can rather provide
transition_delay_us instead.

Signed-off-by: Viresh Kumar <>
Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <>

:040000 040000 7bb8dafb58b703b36fc43d3a081c1a4677a4afde 084c10fa24028461048bcf4b8be5360f36aedd05 M drivers

Meelis Roos (

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