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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] checkpatch: Add a warning for log messages that don't end in a new line
On Mon, 2017-11-27 at 07:42 +0100, Julia Lawall wrote:
> On Mon, 27 Nov 2017, Julia Lawall wrote:
> > On Sun, 26 Nov 2017, Joe Perches wrote:
> > > On Sun, 2017-11-26 at 19:17 +0100, Julia Lawall wrote:
> > > > I just assume that a printk that has no KERN_ is adding a
> > > > newline, which is my understanding of Joe's comment.
> > >
> > > More precisely:
> > >
> > > Any printk without an initial KERN_CONT prepends a newline
> > > if the last printk content char emitted that is not part
> > > of a printk timestamp/header was not a newline.
> >
> > Ah, I misunderstood. I thought it was any printk that has no KERN
> > indicator at all. That I can fix.
> Although I guess that in that case the whole exercise is pointless?
> Because every print will at runtime be followed by another print, which
> will add either the newline or a continuation.

Kinda yes and no.

A printk without a newline termination is not emitted
as output until the next printk call.

This can cause issues on quiescent systems as the printk
is not emitted for potentially a very long time.

Also, any thread interleaving can still cause misformatted


All the historical printks without KERN_CONT worked well
until the commit that broke them by requiring KERN_CONT.

But now these consecutive calls to printk which used to be
emitted on on a single line are printed on multiple lines.

The title of the commit is wrong as KERN_CONT was not
necessary before this change.
commit 4bcc595ccd80decb4245096e3d1258989c50ed41
Author: Linus Torvalds <>
Date: Sat Oct 8 20:32:40 2016 -0700

printk: reinstate KERN_CONT for printing continuation lines

So IMO it's _somewhat_ useful to try to update the printks
without either
KERN_CONT or with a KERN_<LEVEL> but
without a newline.

As the above commit is about a year old, most of the cases
in the code that are actually likely have been fixed by now.

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