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SubjectRe: [PATCH] tpm: return a TPM_RC_COMMAND_CODE response if a command isn't implemented
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Hello Philip,

Thanks a lot for your feedback.

On 11/28/2017 04:21 AM, Philip Tricca wrote:
> On 11/26/2017 03:30 PM, Javier Martinez Canillas wrote:
>> According to the TPM Library Specification, a TPM device must do a command
>> header validation before processing and return a TPM_RC_COMMAND_CODE code
>> if the command is not implemented.
>>
>> So user-space will expect to handle that response as an error. But if the
>> in-kernel resource manager is used (/dev/tpmrm?), an -EINVAL errno code is
>> returned instead if the command isn't implemented. This confuses userspace
>> since it doesn't expect that error value.
>>
>> This also isn't consistent with the behavior when not using TPM spaces and
>> accessing the TPM directly (/dev/tpm?). In this case, the command is sent
>> to the TPM even when not implemented and the TPM responds with an error.
>>
>> Instead of returning an -EINVAL errno code when the tpm_validate_command()
>> function fails, synthesize a TPM command response so user-space can get a
>> TPM_RC_COMMAND_CODE as expected when a chip doesn't implement the command.
>>
>> The TPM only sets 12 of the 32 bits in the TPM_RC response, so the TSS and
>> TAB specifications define that higher layers in the stack should use some
>> of the unused 20 bits to specify from which level of the stack the error
>> is coming from.
>>
>> Since the TPM_RC_COMMAND_CODE response code is sent by the kernel resource
>> manager, set the error level to the TAB/RM layer so user-space is aware of
>> this.
>>
>> Suggested-by: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca>
>> Signed-off-by: Javier Martinez Canillas <javierm@redhat.com>
>>
>> ---
>>
>> Changes since RFCv2:
>> - Set the error level to the TAB/RM layer so user-space is aware that the error
>> is not coming from the TPM (suggested by Philip Tricca and Jarkko Sakkinen).
>>
>> Changes since RFCv1:
>> - Don't pass not validated commands to the TPM, instead return a synthesized
>> response with the correct TPM return code (suggested by Jason Gunthorpe).
>>
>> And example of user-space getting confused by the TPM chardev returning -EINVAL
>> when sending a not supported TPM command can be seen in this tpm2-tools issue:
>>
>> https://github.com/intel/tpm2-tools/issues/621
>>
>> Best regards,
>> Javier
>>
>> drivers/char/tpm/tpm-interface.c | 28 ++++++++++++++++++++--------
>> drivers/char/tpm/tpm.h | 8 ++++++++
>> 2 files changed, 28 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/char/tpm/tpm-interface.c b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm-interface.c
>> index ebe0a1d36d8c..9391811c5f83 100644
>> --- a/drivers/char/tpm/tpm-interface.c
>> +++ b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm-interface.c
>> @@ -328,7 +328,7 @@ unsigned long tpm_calc_ordinal_duration(struct tpm_chip *chip,
>> }
>> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tpm_calc_ordinal_duration);
>>
>> -static bool tpm_validate_command(struct tpm_chip *chip,
>> +static int tpm_validate_command(struct tpm_chip *chip,
>> struct tpm_space *space,
>> const u8 *cmd,
>> size_t len)
>> @@ -340,10 +340,10 @@ static bool tpm_validate_command(struct tpm_chip *chip,
>> unsigned int nr_handles;
>>
>> if (len < TPM_HEADER_SIZE)
>> - return false;
>> + return -EINVAL;
>>
>> if (!space)
>> - return true;
>> + return 0;
>>
>> if (chip->flags & TPM_CHIP_FLAG_TPM2 && chip->nr_commands) {
>> cc = be32_to_cpu(header->ordinal);
>> @@ -352,7 +352,7 @@ static bool tpm_validate_command(struct tpm_chip *chip,
>> if (i < 0) {
>> dev_dbg(&chip->dev, "0x%04X is an invalid command\n",
>> cc);
>> - return false;
>> + return -EOPNOTSUPP;
>> }
>>
>> attrs = chip->cc_attrs_tbl[i];
>> @@ -362,11 +362,11 @@ static bool tpm_validate_command(struct tpm_chip *chip,
>> goto err_len;
>> }
>>
>> - return true;
>> + return 0;
>> err_len:
>> dev_dbg(&chip->dev,
>> "%s: insufficient command length %zu", __func__, len);
>> - return false;
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> }
>>
>> /**
>> @@ -391,8 +391,20 @@ ssize_t tpm_transmit(struct tpm_chip *chip, struct tpm_space *space,
>> unsigned long stop;
>> bool need_locality;
>>
>> - if (!tpm_validate_command(chip, space, buf, bufsiz))
>> - return -EINVAL;
>> + rc = tpm_validate_command(chip, space, buf, bufsiz);
>> + if (rc == -EINVAL)
>> + return rc;
>> + /*
>> + * If the command is not implemented by the TPM, synthesize a
>> + * response with a TPM2_RC_COMMAND_CODE return for user-space.
>> + */
>> + if (rc == -EOPNOTSUPP) {
>> + header->length = cpu_to_be32(sizeof(*header));
>> + header->tag = cpu_to_be16(TPM2_ST_NO_SESSIONS);
>> + header->return_code = cpu_to_be32(TPM2_RC_COMMAND_CODE |
>> + TPM2_RESMGRTPM_ERROR_LEVEL);
>
> This addresses my previous concern: The 'level' field in the response
> code will now be set appropriately to TPM2_RESMGRTPM_ERROR_LEVEL.
>
>> + return bufsiz;
>> + }
>>
>> if (bufsiz > TPM_BUFSIZE)
>> bufsiz = TPM_BUFSIZE;
>> diff --git a/drivers/char/tpm/tpm.h b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm.h
>> index c1866cc02e30..b3f9108d3d1f 100644
>> --- a/drivers/char/tpm/tpm.h
>> +++ b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm.h
>> @@ -94,12 +94,20 @@ enum tpm2_structures {
>> TPM2_ST_SESSIONS = 0x8002,
>> };
>>
>> +/* Indicates from what level of the software stack the error comes from */
>> +#define TPM2_RC_LEVEL_SHIFT 16
>> +
>> +#define TPM2_RESMGRTPM_ERROR_LEVEL (11 << TPM2_RC_LEVEL_SHIFT)
>> +#define TPM2_RESMGR_ERROR_LEVEL (12 << TPM2_RC_LEVEL_SHIFT)
>> +#define TPM2_DRIVER_ERROR_LEVEL (13 << TPM2_RC_LEVEL_SHIFT)
>
> These last two macros aren't used though they are relevant to the driver
> / resource mgmt code. Not sure you want to include them until / unless
> they're needed? This is IMHO cosmetic so feel free to ignore this comment.
>

Indeed, I also had doubts about adding these or not. At the end I decided to do
it mostly for documentation purposes. That way someone reading the code can know
what are the error levels that can be set in this particular layer of the stack.

I even almost added TPM2_TPM_ERROR_LEVEL (0 << TPM2_RC_LEVEL_SHIFT), but then
decided that this would just be silly.

>> +
>> enum tpm2_return_codes {
>> TPM2_RC_SUCCESS = 0x0000,
>> TPM2_RC_HASH = 0x0083, /* RC_FMT1 */
>> TPM2_RC_HANDLE = 0x008B,
>> TPM2_RC_INITIALIZE = 0x0100, /* RC_VER1 */
>> TPM2_RC_DISABLED = 0x0120,
>> + TPM2_RC_COMMAND_CODE = 0x0143,
>> TPM2_RC_TESTING = 0x090A, /* RC_WARN */
>> TPM2_RC_REFERENCE_H0 = 0x0910,
>> };
>>
>
> Thanks for incorporating my feedback into your patch. Feel free to add
> the appropriate tag to the commit message to document my review if it's
> appropriate.
>
> Philip
>

Best regards,
--
Javier Martinez Canillas
Software Engineer - Desktop Hardware Enablement
Red Hat

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