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Subject[PATCH 30/43] x86/mm/kaiser: Map espfix structures
From: Dave Hansen <>

There is some rather arcane code to help when an IRET returns
to 16-bit segments. It is referred to as the "espfix" code.
This consists of a few per-cpu variables:

espfix_stack: tells us where the stack is allocated
(the bottom)
espfix_waddr: tells us to where %rsp may be pointed
(the top)

These are in addition to the stack itself. All three things must
be mapped for the espfix code to function.

Note: the espfix code runs with a kernel GSBASE, but user
(shadow) page tables. A switch to the kernel page tables could
be performed instead of mapping these structures, but mapping
them is simpler and less likely to break the assembly. To switch
over to the kernel copy, additional temporary storage would be
required which is in short supply in this context.

The original KAISER patch missed this case.

Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <>
arch/x86/kernel/espfix_64.c | 12 +++++++++---
1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/espfix_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/espfix_64.c
index 4780dba2cc59..8bb116d73aaa 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/espfix_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/espfix_64.c
@@ -33,6 +33,7 @@

#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/init_task.h>
+#include <linux/kaiser.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
@@ -41,7 +42,6 @@
#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
#include <asm/setup.h>
#include <asm/espfix.h>
-#include <asm/kaiser.h>

* Note: we only need 6*8 = 48 bytes for the espfix stack, but round
@@ -61,8 +61,8 @@

/* This contains the *bottom* address of the espfix stack */
-DEFINE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(unsigned long, espfix_stack);
-DEFINE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(unsigned long, espfix_waddr);
+DEFINE_PER_CPU_USER_MAPPED(unsigned long, espfix_stack);
+DEFINE_PER_CPU_USER_MAPPED(unsigned long, espfix_waddr);

/* Initialization mutex - should this be a spinlock? */
static DEFINE_MUTEX(espfix_init_mutex);
@@ -225,4 +225,10 @@ void init_espfix_ap(int cpu)
per_cpu(espfix_stack, cpu) = addr;
per_cpu(espfix_waddr, cpu) = (unsigned long)stack_page
+ (addr & ~PAGE_MASK);
+ /*
+ * _PAGE_GLOBAL is not really required. This is not a hot
+ * path, but we do it here for consistency.
+ */
+ kaiser_add_mapping((unsigned long)stack_page, PAGE_SIZE,
 \ /
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